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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
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Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 10 (search)
ridaeus reigned, and after him Cassander and his sons, friendly relations continued between Lysimachus and Macedon. But when the kingdom devolved upon Demetrius, son of Antigonus, Lysimachus, henceforth expecting that war would be declared upon him by Demetrius, resolved to take aggressive action. He was aware that Demetrius inherited a tendency to aggrandise, and he also knew that he visited Macedonia at the summons of Alexander and Cassander, and on his arrival murdered Alexander himself294 B.C. and ruled the Macedonians in his stead. Therefore encountering Demetrius at Amphipolis he came near to being expelled from Thrace288 B.C., but on Pyrrhus' coming to his aid he mastered Thrace and afterwards extended his empire at the expense of the Nestians and Macedonians. The greater part of Macedonia was under the control of Pyrrhus himself, who came from Epeirus with an army and was at that time on friendly terms with Lysimachus. When however Demetrius crossed over into Asia and made w
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER STATOR, AEDES (search)
(templum, i(epo/v): a temple vowed, according to tradition (BC 1917, 79-84), by Romulus at the critical moment in the battle between the Romans and the Sabines when the former had been driven across the forum valley to the porta Mugonia (Liv. i. 12. 3-6; ps. Cic. orat. pr. quam in exilium iret 24; Ov. Fast. vi. 794; Dionys. ii. 50; Flor. i. I. 13; de vir. ill. 2. 8). The epithet stator appears in Greek as o)pqw/sios (Dionys.) and sth/sios (App. Plut.). This temple was never built, but in 294 B.C. the consul, M. Atilius Regulus, made a similar vow under similar circumstances in a battle with the Samnites, and erected the temple immediately afterwards (Liv. x. 36. II, 37. 15). Livy explains that no actual building had been put up by Romulus, but fanum tantum, id est locus templo effatus-an attempt to reconcile fact with what had evidently become the popular tradition (Cic. Cat. i. 33 ; ps. Cic. loc. cit.). Its site is variously indicated-in Palatii radice, ps. Cic.; ante Palatini ora
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VICTORIA, AEDES (search)
VICTORIA, AEDES (te/menos, Dionys.) : * a temple on the Palatine hill, ascribed by tradition to Evander (Dionys. i. 32. 5), but actually built by L. Postumius Megellus out of fines levied by him during his aedileship, dedicated by him on 1st August (Fast. Praen. ad Kal. Aug., EE ix. No. 740; NS 1897, 421; Ant. ap. NS 1921, 104) when consul in 294 B.C. (Liv. x. 33. 9). During the years 204-191, while the temple of the Magna Mater was being built, the sacred stone of that goddess was kept in the temple of Victoria (Liv. xxix. 14. 13). Near it Cato afterwards built a shrine of Victoria Virgo (Liv. xxxv. 9. 6). There is no record of any restoration of this temple (AJA 1905, 438-440; Mem. Am. Acad. ii. 61), and its exact site is still uncertain. See CJ 1920, 297, where Chase states that Boni identified this temple with foundations found near the arch of Titus. It was doubtless on the CLIVUS VICTORIAE (q.v.), and remains of two dedicatory inscriptions (CIL vi. 31059=12. 805 ; 31060), fou
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
us begun, 462. Equus Tremuli, 202. 305Colossal statue of Hercules placed on Capitol, 49. 304Shrine of Concord on Graecostasis, 138, 248. 303Temple of Salus dedicated, 462. IIIrd cent.Lower room of Carcer (?) 100. 296Clivus Martis paved, 123. Quadriga of Capitoline Temple replaced, 298. Sacellum Pudicitiae Plebeiae, 434. Monument ad Ficum Ruminalem, 208. Temple of Bellona vowed (dedicated some years later), 82. 295of Juppiter Victor, 306. of Venus Obsequens begun, 552. 294of Victory on Palatine dedicated, 570. of Juppiter Stator vowed, 303. 293of Fors Fortuna, 212. of Quirinus dedicated, 438. Colossal statue of Juppiter set up on Capitol, 49. 291Via Appia probably prolonged to Venusia, 559. Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventine, 141. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 51
Arvi'na 3. P. Cornelius Arvina, A. F. P. N., apparently a son of No. 1, consul B. C. 306, commanded in Samnium. He was censor in B. C. 294, and consul a second time in 288. (Liv. 9.42, &c., 10.47; Fasti.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
e throne of Macedonia, when Demetrius, unwilling to lose such an opportunity of aggrandizement, arrived with his army. He was received with apparent friendliness, but mutual jealousies quickly arose. Demetrius was informed that the young king had formed designs against his life, which he anticipated by causing him to be assassinated at a banquet. He was immediately afterwards acknowledged as king by the Macedonian army, and proceeded at their head to take possession of his new sovereignty, B. C. 294. (Plut. Demetr. 35-37, Pyrrh. 6, 7; Just. 16.1; Paus. 1.10.1, 9.7.3; Euseb. Arm. p. 15.i.) While Demetrius had by this singular revolution become possessed of a kingdom in Europe, he had lost all his former possessions in Asia: Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy having taken advantage of his absence in Greece to reduce Cilicia, Cyprus, and the cities which he had held on the coasts of Phoenicia and Asia Minor. He, however, concluded a peace with Lysimachus, by which the latter yielded to
was his father or his uncle. He was a pupil of Chrysippus of Cnidos (D. L. 7.7.10, p. 186; Plin. Nat. 29.3 ; Galen, de Ven. Sect. adv. Erasistr. 100.7, vol. xi. p. 171), Metrodorus (Sext. Empir. c. Mathem. 1.12, p. 271, ed. Fabric.) and apparently Theophrastus. (Galen, de Sang. in Arter. 100.7, vol. iv. p. 729.) He lived for some time at the court of Seleucus Nicator, king of Syria, where lie acquired great reputation by discovering the disease of Antiochus, the king's eldest son, probably B. C. 294. Seleucus in his old age had lately married Stratonice, the young and beautiful daughter of Deme trius Poliorcetes, and she had already borne him one child. (Plut. Demtetr. 100.38; Appian, de Rebus Syr. 100.59.) Antiochus fell violently in love with his mother-in-law, but did not disclose his passion, and chose rather to pine away in silence. The physicians were quite unable to discover the cause and nature of his disease, and Erasistratus himself was at a loss at first, till, finding not
certainly no remarkable crisis at this place which invalidates one part of the argument in favour of the antiquity of the arrangement. The first decade (bks. i-x.) is entire. It embraces the period from the foundation of the city to the year B. C. 294, when the subjugation of the Samnites may be said to have been completed. The second decade (bks. xi--xx.) is altogether lost. It embraced the period from B. C. 294 to B. C. 219, comprising an account of the extension of the Roman dominion ovB. C. 294 to B. C. 219, comprising an account of the extension of the Roman dominion over the whole of Southern Italy and a portion of Gallia Cisalpina; of the invasion of Pyrrhus; of the first Punic war; of the expedition against the Illyrian pirates, and of other matters which fell out between the conclusion of the peace with Carthage and the siege of Saguntum. The third decade (bks. xxi--xxx.) is entire. It embraces the period from B. C. 219 to B. C. 201, comprehending the whole of the second Punic war, and the contemporaneous struggles in Spain and Greece. The fourth deca
us was stationed in the Vatican district, on the right bank of the Tiber, to cover the approaches to the city. He probably remained there till after the great battle at Sentinum, when he was recalitd by the senate and his legions disbanded. In B. C. 294, Megellus was consul for the second time. Ill health detained him awhile at Rome, but a victory of the Samnites obliged him to take the field, and he signalised himself by taking in Samnium Milionia and Ferentinum, and Rusellae in Etruria, and two of the tribunes and condemned by all the three-and-thirty tribes. He was fined the sum of 500,000 asses, the heaviest mulct to which any Roman had been hitherto sentenced. (Comp. Plut. Camill. 39.) According to the Fasti, indeed, Megellus triumphed in his second consulship--March 24th, B. C. 294, "De Samnitibus et Etrusceis" and Livy refers his dispute with the senate to this period. (Liv. 9.44, 10.26, 27, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 47, id. Epit. xi; Dionys. A. R. 16.15-18; Frontin. Strat. 1.8.3.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Q. Ogu'lnius and Cn. Ogu'lnius (search)
uded when the number of pontiffs is spoken of. The pontifex maximus continued to be a patrician down to B. C. 254, when Tib. Coruncanius was the first plebeian who was invested with this dignity. In B. C. 296 Q. and Cn. Ogulnii were curule aediles. They prosecuted several persons for violating the usury laws; and with the money accruing from the fines inflicted in consequence they executed many public works (Liv. 10.23). The name of Cn. Ogulnius does not occur again after this year. In B. C. 294 Q. Ogulnius was sent at the head of an embassy to Epidaurus, in order to fetch Aesculapiu to Rome, that the plague might be stayed which had been raging in the city for more than two years. The legend relates that, upon the arrival of the ambassadors at Epidaurus, the god in the form of a gigantic serpent issued from the sanctuary, and settled in the cabin of Q. Ogulnius. (V. Max. 1.8 § 2; Aur. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 22 ; Liv. Epit. 11; Oros. 3.22; Ov. Met. 15.622, &c.) In B. C. 273 Q. Oguln
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