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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 13 (search)
ed to admit that they had yet been worsted in a land battle. For Leonidas, they said, had won the victory480 B.C., but his followers were insufficient for the entire destruction of the Persians; the achievement of Demosthenes and the Athenians on the island of Sphacteria425 B.C. was no victory, but only a trick in war. Their first reverse took place in Boeotia, and they afterwards suffered a severe defeat at the hands of Antipater and the Macedonians330 B.C.. Thirdly the war with Demetrius295 B.C. came as an unexpected misfortune to their land. Invaded by Pyrrhus and seeing a hostile army for the fourth time, they arrayed themselves to meet it along with the Argives and Messenians who had come as their allies. Pyrrhus won the day, and came near to capturing Sparta without further fighting, but desisted for a while after ravaging the land and carrying off plunder.272 B.C. The citizens prepared for a siege, and Sparta even before this in the war with Demetrius had been fortified with
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 24 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 9 (search)
torship was in 217 B.C.; XXII. X. 10. Quintus Fabius, son of the consul and at the time curule aedile, and Publius Cornelius Lentulus. The election of praetors being now completed, the senate decreedOrdinarily praetors received their particular assignment of duty by casting lots or by agreement. that Quintus Fulvius by special designation should have the duties of city praetor, and that he, and no one else, should be in charge of the city when the consuls took the field. There were great floods twice that year and the Tiber overflowed the farms withB.C. 215 great destruction of buildings and cattle and much loss of life. In the fifth year of the Second Punic War, QuintusB.C. 214 Fabius Maximus entering his fourth consulship and Marcus Claudius Marcellus his third attracted the attention of the citizens more than was usual. For many years there had been no such pair of consuls. Old men recalled that thus Maximus Rullus had been declared consulFor 295 B.C.;
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 29 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 37 (search)
d (in the revised list of citizens) to the names of such men as had been degraded by the censors, who added the reason in each case. Cf. XXIV. xviii. 2 ff., esp. 9. but no one who had occupied a curule chair. Repairs to public buildings and their roofs they enforced strictly and with the greatest fidelity. They let the contract for the making of a street leading out of the Cattle Market, on both sides of the spectators' stands, as far as the Temple of Venus,I.e. Venus Obsequens. Built 295 B.C., near the east end of the Circus Maximus, and on the side toward the Aventine; X. xxxi. 9. The stands for spectators were of wood, as the upper tiers of the Circus always continued to be. also for the erection of a Temple of the Great MotherFor thirteen years longer she was to remain in the Temple of Victory; cf. xiv. 14; XXXVI. xxxvi. 3 f. on the Palatine. They also established a new revenue from the yearly production of salt. Both at Rome and throughout Italy salt was then sold at o
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 26 (search)
a peck. In the same year Quintus Fabius Maximus died at a very advanced age, if indeed it is true that he had been an augur for sixty-two years, as some authorities say. He certainly was a man who deserved such a surname, even if it had been first applied to him. He surpassed the number of magistracies held by his fatherQuintus Fabius Maximus Gurges, three times consul, last in 265 B.C. and equalled those of his grandfather.Quintus Fabius Maximus Rull(ian)us, five times, last in 295 B.C. Plutarch Fab. 1. makes him great-grandfather of Delayer. A larger number of victories and greater battles made the fame of his grandfather Rullus; but all of them can be balanced by a single enemy, Hannibal. Nevertheless Fabius has been accounted a man of caution rather than of action. And while one may question whether he was the Delayer by nature, or because that was especially suited to the war then in progress, still nothing is more certain than that one man by delaying restored o
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER VICTOR (search)
IUPPITER VICTOR In the battle of Sentinum, 295 B.C., the dictator, Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, vowed a temple (aedes) to Iuppiter Victor, to whom he afterwards offered the spoils collected from the Samnites in sacrifice (Liv. x. 29. 14, 18). Livy's statement (x. 42. 7) that in 293 L. Papirius, at the battle of Aquilonia, vowed a cup of new wine to luppiter Victor, is sometimes interpreted as meaning that Fabius' temple had been dedicated by that time, but this is quite hypothetical. According to Ovid (Fast. iv. 621) and Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 92, the day of dedication of the temple (templa) was the Ides of April. Josephus states (Ant. Iud. xix. 4. 3) that after the murder of Caligula in 41 A.D. the consuls summoned the senate ei)s to\ i(ero\n tou= nikhfo/rou *dio/s; and Cassius Dio (Ix. 35) mentions among the prodigies of 54 A.D. 17 h( au)to/matos tou= naou= tou= *dio\s tou= *nikai/ou a)/noicis. These all seem to refer to the same temple, presumably the same aedes Iovis Victoris
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VATICANUS AGER (search)
VATICANUS AGER (1) VATICANUS AGER the district on the right bank of the Tiber, between its lower reaches and the more restricted Veientine territory (Plin. NH iii. 53: Tiberis . . citra xvi milia passuum urbis Veientem agrum a Crustumino, dein Fidenatem Latinumque a Vaticano Dirimens; Liv. x. 26. 15 (295 B.C.): alii duo exercitus baud procul urbe Etruriae oppositi unus in Falisco, alter in Vaticano agro). Its fertility is spoken of slightingly by Cicero (de leg. agr. ii. 96), its wines are frequently derided by Martial (i. 18. 2; vi. 92. 3; x. 45. 5; xii. 48. 14), and references to farms or estates are very few (Gell. xix. 17. I:in agro Vaticano Iulius Paulus poeta. .. herediolum tenue possidebat; Symm. Ep. vi. 58. I: rus Vaticanum quod vestro praedio cohaeret Accessimus; vii. 21: urbanas turbas Vaticano in quantum licet rure Declino). This name continued long in use, for it occurs in Solinus (ii. 34: Claudio principe ubi Vaticanus ager est in alveo occisae boae spectatus est so
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VENUS OBSEQUENS, AEDES (search)
VENUS OBSEQUENS, AEDES a temple built by Q. Fabius Maximus Gurges, out of fines imposed on women convicted of adultery. It was begun in 295 B.C., and dedicated after the close of the third Samnite war (Liv. x. 31. 9; Serv. Aen. i. 720: dicitur etiam Obsequens Venus quam Fabius Gurges post peractum bellum Samniticum hoc nomine consecravit, quod sibi fuerit obsecuta). It was ad circum Maximum (Fast. Vail. ad xIv Kal. Sept., CIL i'. p. 240, 325; Ant. ap. NS 1921, 108; Liv. loc. cit.; xxix. 37. 2; xli. 27. 8 (?) ; Fest. 265), that is probably near the south-east end of the circus on the Aventine side, near the shrine of Murcia. The day of dedication was 19th August, the Vinalia rustica (Fast. Vail. loc. cit.; Fest. 265). It is mentioned in the third century (Tert. de spect. 8; HJ 114; WR 289; Pr. Myth. i. 446).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
ields used to decorate Tabernae in Forum, 504. 306Temple of Salus begun, 462. Equus Tremuli, 202. 305Colossal statue of Hercules placed on Capitol, 49. 304Shrine of Concord on Graecostasis, 138, 248. 303Temple of Salus dedicated, 462. IIIrd cent.Lower room of Carcer (?) 100. 296Clivus Martis paved, 123. Quadriga of Capitoline Temple replaced, 298. Sacellum Pudicitiae Plebeiae, 434. Monument ad Ficum Ruminalem, 208. Temple of Bellona vowed (dedicated some years later), 82. 295of Juppiter Victor, 306. of Venus Obsequens begun, 552. 294of Victory on Palatine dedicated, 570. of Juppiter Stator vowed, 303. 293of Fors Fortuna, 212. of Quirinus dedicated, 438. Colossal statue of Juppiter set up on Capitol, 49. 291Via Appia probably prolonged to Venusia, 559. Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventin
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
ut in B. C. 297 he determined to reassert his supremacy there, and appeared with a fleet on the coast of Attica. His efforts were at first unsuccessful; his fleet was wrecked, and he himself badly wounded in an attempt upon Messene. But the death of Cassander gave a new turn to affairs. Demetrius made himself master of Aegina, Salamis, and other points around Athens, and finally of that city itself, after a long blockade which had reduced the inhabitants to the last extremities of famine. (B. C. 295. Concerning the chronology of these events compare Clinton, F. H. ii. p. 178, with Droysen, Gesch. d. Nachfolger, pp. 563-569, and Thirlwall's Greece, viii. p. 5, not.) Lachares, who from a demagogue had made himself tyrant of Athens, escaped to Thebes, and Demetrius had the generosity to spare all the other inhabitants. He, however, retained possession of Munychia and the Peiraeeus, and subsequently fortified and garrisoned the hill of the Museum. (Plut. Demetr. 33, 34; Paus. 1.25. ยงยง 7,
us 1. Gellius Egnatius, was leader of the Samnites in the third great Samnite war, which broke out B. C. 298. By the end of the second campaign, the Samnites appeared entirely subdued; but in the following year Gellius Egnatius marched into Etruria, notwithstanding the presence of the Romans in Samnium, and roused the Etruscans to a close co-operation against Rome. This had the effect of withdrawing the Roman troops for a time from Samnium; but the forces of the confederates were defeated by the combined armies of the consuls L. Volumnius and Appius Claudius. In the fourth campaign (B. C. 295) Egnatius induced the Gauls and Umbrians to join the confederacy; but in consequence of the withdrawal of the Etruscans and Umbrians, the Gauls and Samnites fell back beyond the Apennines, and were met by the Romans near the town of Sentinum. A decisive battle, signalized by the heroic devotion of P. Decius, ensued, in which the confederate army was defeated, and Egnatius slain. (Liv. 10.18-29.)
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