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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 11 11 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BELLONA, AEDES (search)
BELLONA, AEDES (templum, Liv. x. 19; Fest. 33; Ov. Fast. vi. 205): the temple of Bellona, a goddess who probably represented that characteristic of Mars which was displayed in the fierceness of battle frenzy (WR 137-138; AR 1909, 70, 71). It was vowed by Appius Claudius Caecus in 296 B.C. (Liv. x. 19. 17; Plin. NH xxxv. 12; Ov. Fast. vi. 201-204; CIL i 2. p. 192 (Elog. x.)=xi. 1827), and dedicated a few years later on June 3rd (Ov. Fast. vi. 201). No traces, architectural or epigraphic, of the temple have been found, and its site is not known with certainty; but it was in the campus Martius, in circo Flaminio (Fast. Ven. ad III non. Iun.; CIL i 2. p. 319; Mirabil. 23; BC 1914, 383-385), probably about half-way between the north-east corner of the circus Flaminius and the Petronia amnis. From it the senators heard the cries of the prisoners whom Sulla massacred in the Villa publica (Plut. Sulla 30; Sen. de clem. i. 12. 2; Cass. Dio, fr. 109. 5), and from the open area
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CAMPUS MARTIUS (search)
saepta (q.v.; Serv. Ecl. i. 33 et al.). Audience was given here to foreign ambassadors who could not enter the city (Liv. xxx. 21. 12 ; xxxiii. 24. 5), and foreign cults were domiciled in temples erected here. We know certainly of only three other cult centres besides that of Mars in the campus Martius before the Punic wars-the ara Ditis et Proserpinae in Tarento, the Apollinare, an altar or grove, and the temple of Apollo which was built in 431 B.C., and the temple of Bellona built in 296 B.C. Between 231 and the battle of Actium at least fifteen other temples were erected, and more during the next century. The construction of the circus Flaminius in 221 B.C. marked an epoch in the history of the southern part of the campus, but there was no public building of any note in the campus Martius proper before the end of the republic, when Pompeius built the first stone theatre in Rome in 55 B.C. Caesar conceived the idea of changing the course of the Tiber by digging a new
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CLIVUS MARTIS (search)
CLIVUS MARTIS the name given to that part of the via Appia, just before it is crossed by the line of the later Aurelian wall, where it ascended to the temple of MARS (q.v.). Cf. Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 97, Marti in Cl[ivo], 1st June. In process of time the grade of the road was removed or at least very much diminished (CIL vi. 1270). In 296 B.C. the clivus was paved (Liv. x. 23), and repaved in 189 B.C., when it was provided with a porticus, and afterwards known as the VIA TECTA (q.v.) (Liv. xxxviii. 28; Ov. Fast. vi. 191-2). This via Tecta is to be distinguished from the via Tecta in the campus Martius.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, L. VOLUMNIUS, DOMUS (search)
L. VOLUMNIUS, DOMUS on the Quirinal in the vicus Longus (Liv. x. 23. 6). Volumnius was consul in 296 B.C.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FICUS RUMINALIS (search)
re washed ashore and suckled by the she-wolf (Varro, LL v. 54; Serv. Aen. viii. 90; Fest. 270, 27 ; Plin. NH xv. 77; Plut. Rom. 4). Tradition said (see above) that this tree was removed by the augur Attus Navius and thenceforth stood on the Comitium. Ovid (Fast. ii. 411 ff.) states that only vestigia remained on the original spot in his day, but Livy, in telling the story of the twins, writes (i. 4): ubi nunc ficus Ruminalis est. Elsewhere (x. 23. 12) he says that the Ogulnii, aediles in 296 B.C., erected a monument that represented the twins and wolf, ad ficum ruminalem. It is possible that the site continued to be called ficus Ruminalis, after the tree itself had disappeared (HJ 38; RE vi. 2147-2148). Ruminalis, according to one view, is to be connected with Ruma, The evidence, however, is insufficient: for the late brick-stamp (CIL ix. 6083. 30) is susceptible of another interpretation-C. Sext(ili) Romaei Tusci. Corssen, followed by Guidi (BC 1881, 63, 73; cf. Serv. Aen. viii. 6
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER OPTIMUS MAXIMUS CAPITOLINUS, AEDES (search)
ata), the costume afterwards worn by Roman generals when celebrating a triumph (Liv. x. 7. IO; xxx. 15. II-12; Iuv. x. 38; Hist. Aug. Alex. 40; Gord. 4; Prob. 7; Fest. 209; Serv. Aen. xi. 334; Marquardt, Privatl. 542-543 ; cf. SR ii. 1914, 254-256). The entablature was of wood, and on the apex of the pediment was a terra cotta group, Jupiter in a quadriga, by the same Etruscan artist as the statue in the cella (Plin. NH xxviii. 16; xxxv. 157; Fest. 274; Plut. Popl. 13). This was replaced in 296 B.C. by another, probably of bronze (Liv. x. 23. 12). There is no doubt that pediment and roof were decorated with terra cotta figures, among them a statue of Summanus 'in fastigio' (perhaps therefore an acroterion), the head of which was broken off by a thunderbolt in 275 B.C. (Cic. de Div. i. 10; Liv. Epit. xiv.). See BC 1923, 304; 1925, 161-169, 191-200; JRS 1914, 183; Van Buren, Terracotta Revetments, 47. In 193 B.C. the aediles M. Aemilius Lepidus and L. Aemilius Paullus placed gilt shield
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PUDICITIA PATRICIA, SACELLUM (search)
PUDICITIA PATRICIA, SACELLUM (templum, signum): a shrine in the forum Boarium (Liv. x. 23. 3 (296 B.C.): in sacello Pudicitiae patriciae quae in foro boario est ad aedem rotundam Herculis; 5: in patriciae Pudicitiae templum; Fest. 242: Pudicitiae signum in foro boario est, ubi Aemiliana aedes est Herculis. This is a correction of Scaliger ; Mommsen (CIL i.1 p. 150) prefers ubi familia edisset Herculis. We have no evidence for the existence of an aedes Herculis Aemiliana (cf. HERCULES VICTOR (INVICTUS), AEDES). ear quidam Fortunae esse existimant. item via Latina ad milliarium IIII Fortuna Muliebris, nefas est attingi nisi ab ea quae semel nupsit (cf. PBS iv. 79); ib. 243: Pudicitiae signum Romae celebratur quod nefas erat attingi nisi ab ea quae semel nupserit). There is no further record of this shrine, and the theory has been advanced that there never was any such, but that the veiled statue of Fortuna in her temple in the FORUM BOARIUM (q.v.) was mistaken for one of Pudicitia
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PUDICITIA PLEBEIA, SACELLUM (search)
PUDICITIA PLEBEIA, SACELLUM (ara): a shrine and altar which a certain Virginia, of patrician birth, who had married a plebeian consul, L. Volumnius, is said to have dedicated in 296 B.C. in a part of her house in the vicus Longus on the Quirinal, after she had been excluded from the worship of PUDICITIA PATRICIA (q.v.) in the forum Boarium (Liv. x. 23. 6-io; Fest. 236, 237). This cult, becoming polluted, postremo in oblivionem venit (Liv. loc. cit.), but that the altar continued to stand seems to be indicated by a passage in Juvenal (vi. 308: Pudicitiae veterem cum praeterit aram), where the context can hardly permit a reference to the forum Boarium (HJ 417-418; Rosch. iii. 3275).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VIA APPIA (search)
rvian wall, and through the wall of Aurelian by the PORTA APPIA, curving slightly and ascending through a cutting (CLIVUS MARTIS) before it reached the latter. This part of its course ran a little further north- east than the modern Via di Porta S. Sebastiano. It was flanked by tombs and columbaria both within and without the walls. The first milestone was situated just inside the porta Appia (LS iii. I; CIL x. 6812-3; HF i. p. 409). The original road was only gravelled (glareo strata); in 296 B.C. a footpath was laid saxo quadrato from the gate to the templum Martis (Liv. x. 23. 12); three years later the whole road was paved with silex from the temple to Bovillae (ib. 47. 4), and in 189 B.C. the first mile, from the gate to the temple, was similarly treated (Liv. xxxviii. 28. 3). Its further course cannot be dealt with here. The description of the method of its construction in Procop. BG i. 14 is interesting; cf. Stat. Silv. iv. 3. 40-55. The earliest milestone we have belongs to
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VICUS LONGUS (search)
VICUS LONGUS the street that traversed the valley between the Quirinal and the Viminal and joined the ALTA SEMITA (q.v.) inside the porta Collina, very near where the via Quintino Sella runs into the via Venti Settembre. It is mentioned first by Livy (x. 23. 6) in connection with the dedication of an altar to Pudicitia Plebeia (Fest. 237) in the year 296 B.C. In this street were also shrines to Febris (Val. Max. ii. 5. 6) and FORTUNA (Plut. de Fort. Rom. IO:e)n de\ tw=| makpw=| stenwpw=| *tu/xhs bwmo\s *eu)e/lpidos), and it occurs on two inscriptions of the empire (CIL vi. 9736, o0023) and in LP (xlvi. vit. Innoc. I, 6). The pavement of this street has been found on a line that crosses the via Nazionale at an angle of twenty degrees near the Banca d'Italia, at various points between the bank and the baths of Diocletian, a distance of one kilometre. The valley through which it ran has been artificially filled up (BC 1886, 186). A considerable part of the north-east section was destr
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