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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 299 BC or search for 299 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Calvi'nus or Calvi'nus Maxnimus (search)
Calvi'nus or Calvi'nus Maxnimus 2 CN. DOMITIUS CN. F. CALVINUS, surnamed Maxnimus, offered himself as a candidate for the curule aedileship in B. C. 304; but, although his father had been consul, Cn. Flavius, the famous scribe of Appins Clandius, was preierred to him Five years later, however, B. C. 299, he was elected curule aedile. (Liv. 10.9, where instead of the praenomen C. we ought to read Cn.) He was raised to the consulship in B. C. 283, together with P. Cornelius Dolabella. The name of Calvinus scarcely appears during the year of his consulship, though he must have been very actively engaged, for Rome was just then threatened by a coalition of all her enemies in Italy. Stimulated by the Lucanians and Bruttians, and more especially by the Tarentines, the Etruscans, Gauls, Umbrians, and Samnites took up arms against her. The Senones, allied with the Etruscans, attacked the town of Arretium; and as the consuls were probably engaged in other parts of Italy, the praetor L. Caecil
. C. 302. In the next year, 301, the decisive battle of Ipsus, in which Antigonus and Demetrius were defeated and the former slain, relieved Cassander from his chief cause of apprehension. After the battle, the four kings (Seleucus, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus) divided among them the dominions of Antigonus as well as what they already possessed ; and in this division Macedonia and Greece were assigned to Cassander. (Comp. Daniel. viii.; Plb. 5.67; App. Bell. Syr. p. 122, ad fin.) To B. C. 299 or 298, we must refer Cassander's invasion of Corcyra, which had remained free since its deliverance by Demetrius, B. C. 303, from the Spartan adventurer Cleonynmus (comp. Liv. 10.2; Diod. 20.105), and which may perhaps have been ceded to Cassander as a set-off against Demetrius' occupation of Cilicia, from which he had driven Cassander's brother Pleistarchus. The island, however, was delivered by Agathocles of Syracuse, who compelled Cassander to withdraw from it. In B. C. 298, we find hi
, and probably both of them looked to Corvus as the man most likely to bring matters to an amicable settlement. During his fifth consulship the Ogulnian law was passed, by which the colleges of pontiffs and augurs were thrown open to the plebeians. The consul himself renewed the law of his ancestor respecting the right of appeal (provocatio) to the people, and rendered it more certain to be observed by affixing a definite punishment for any magistrate who transgressed it. (10.5, 6-9.) In B. C. 299 Corvus was elected consul a sixth time in place of T. Manlius Torquatus, who had been killed by a fall from his horse while engaged in the Etruscan war. The death of so great a man, and the superstitious feeling attending it, induced the people unanimously to appoint Corvus to the vacant office. The Etruscans, who had been elated by the death of Torquatus, no sooner heard of the arrival of Corvus, than they kept close within their fortifications, nor could he provoke them to risk a battle,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
election of the consuls, refused, in defiance of the law, to accept any votes for plebeian candidates. Curius Dentatus then compelled the senate to make a decree by which any legal election was sanctioned beforehand. (Cic. Brut. 14; Aurel Vict. de Vir. Illust. 33.) The year of his tribuneship is uncertain. According to an inscription (Orelli, Inscript. Lat. No. 539) Appius the Blind was appointed interrex three times, and from Livy (10.11) we know, that one of his inter-reigns belongs to B. C. 299, but in that year Appius did not hold the elections, so that this cannot be the year of the tribuneship of Dentatus. In B. C. 290 he was consul with P. Cornelius Rufinus, and both fought against the Samnites and gained such decisive victories over them, that the war which had lasted for 49 years, was brought to a close, and the Samnites sued for peace which was granted to them. The consuls then triumphed over the Samnites. After the end of this campaign Curius Dentatus marched against the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Denter, Li'vius 2. M. Livius Denter, was consul, in B. C. 302, with M. Aemilius Paullus. In that year the war against the Aequians was renewed, but the Roman consuls were repulsed. In B. C. 299 he was among the first plebeians that were admitted to the office of pontiff, and in this capacity he accompanied P. Decius, and dictated to him the formula, under which he devoted himself to a voluntary death for the good of his country. P. Decius at the same time requested M. Livius Denter to act as praetor. (Liv. 10.1, 9, 28, 29.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, Carvi'lius 1. Sp. Carvilius Maximus, C. F. C. N., was curule aedile B. C. 299, and consul B. C. 293, with L. Papirius Cursor. Their consulship was distinguished by brilliant victories over the Samnites, who had made immense exertions to ensure success, and had penetrated into Campania. Carvilius first took Amiternum, and then proceeded to assault Cominium, while his colleague engaged with the great Samnite army, the soldiers of which had devoted themselves to conquest or death by the most solemn vows. After Papirius had gained a brilliant victory over this army, Carvilius took Cominium, and then proceeded to attack Palumbinum and Herculaneum, both of which fell into his hands, although he had previously suffered a defeat from the Samnites near the latter town. After this Carvilius was called away into Etruria, where the Faliscans had broken the peace. Here, too, he was successful; he took the town of Troilium and five other fortified places, defeated the enemy and granted p
Nica'rete 3. A woman of Megara. Athenaeus states her to have been of good family and education, and to have been a disciple of Stilpo, a dialectic philosopher, who was alive B. C. 299. Diogenes Laertius states that she was Stilpo's mistress, though he had a wife. (Athen. 13.596e; D. L. 2.114.) Fabricius Bibl. Graec. vol. iii. p. 628) states, on the authority of Laertius, that Nicarete was the mother-in-law of Simmias, a Syracusan. Laertius, however, only I. c.) mentions Stilpo's daughter as the wife of Simmias, but gives no hint as to who was her mother. [W.M.G]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Torqua'tus, Ma'nlius 3. T. Manlius Torquatus, probably a son of No. 2, was consul B. C. 299 with M. Fulvius Paetinus. He was appointed to conduct the war against the Etruscans; but he had scarcely entered Etruria, when he was thrown from his horse, and died in consequence on the third day after. (Liv. 10.9, 11.)