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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 3-4 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 304 BC or search for 304 BC in all documents.

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A'nnius 2. ANNIUS, a freedman, the father of Cn. Flavius, who was curule aedile in B. C. 304. (Gel. 6.9; Liv. 9.46.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'gonus the One-eyed (search)
successful as Cassander's had been : he was obliged to retire with great loss. (B. C. 306.) He next sent Demetrius to besiege Rhodes, which had refused to assist him against Ptolemy, and had hitherto remained neutral. Although Demetrius made the most extraordinary efforts to reduce the place, he was completely baffled by the energy and perseverance of the besieged; and was therefore glad, at the end of a year's siege, to make peace with the Rhodians on terms very favourable to the latter. (B. C. 304.) While Demetrius was engaged against Rhodes, Cassander had recovered his former power in Greece, and this was one reason that made Antigonus anxious that his son should make peace with the Rhodians. Demetrius crossed over into Greece, and after gaining possession of the principal cities without much difficulty, collected an assembly of deputies at Corinth (B. C. 303), which conferred upon him the same title that had formerly been bestowed upon Philip and Alexander. He now prepared to marc
L. Ati'lius a Roman jurist, who probably lived in the middle of the sixth century of the city. By Pomponius (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 2.38) he is called Publius Atilius, and in some manuscripts of Cicero (Amic. 100.2), Acilius, not Atilius. He was among the earliest of the jurisconsults, after Coruncanius, who gave public instruction in law, and he was remarkable for his science in profitendo. He was the first Roman who was called by the people Sapiens, although, before his time, the jurist P. Sempronius (who was consul B. C. 304) had acquired the cognomen Sophus, less expressive to Latin ears. Sapiens was afterwards a title frequently given to jurists. (Gel. 4.1.) He wrote Commentaries on the laws of the Twelve Tables. (Cic. de Leg. 2.23; Heinec. Hist. Jur. Rom. § 125.) [J.T.G
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Calvi'nus or Calvi'nus Maxnimus (search)
Calvi'nus or Calvi'nus Maxnimus 2 CN. DOMITIUS CN. F. CALVINUS, surnamed Maxnimus, offered himself as a candidate for the curule aedileship in B. C. 304; but, although his father had been consul, Cn. Flavius, the famous scribe of Appins Clandius, was preierred to him Five years later, however, B. C. 299, he was elected curule aedile. (Liv. 10.9, where instead of the praenomen C. we ought to read Cn.) He was raised to the consulship in B. C. 283, together with P. Cornelius Dolabella. The name of Calvinus scarcely appears during the year of his consulship, though he must have been very actively engaged, for Rome was just then threatened by a coalition of all her enemies in Italy. Stimulated by the Lucanians and Bruttians, and more especially by the Tarentines, the Etruscans, Gauls, Umbrians, and Samnites took up arms against her. The Senones, allied with the Etruscans, attacked the town of Arretium; and as the consuls were probably engaged in other parts of Italy, the praetor L. Caecil
. In B. C. 306, when Antigonus, Lysimachus, and Ptolemy took the name of king, Cassander was saluted with the same title by his subjects, though according to Plutarch (Plut. Demetr. 18) he did not assume it himself in his letters. During the siege of Rhodes by Demetrius in 305, Cassander sent supplies to the besieged, and took advantage of Demetrius being thus employed to assail again the Grecian cities, occupying Corinth with a garrison under Prepelaus, and laying siege to Athens. But, in B. C. 304, Demetrius having concluded a peace with the Rhodians, obliged him to raise the siege and to retreat to the north, whither, having made himself master of southern Greece, he advanced against him. Cassander first endeavoured to obtain peace by an application to Antigonus, and then failing in this, he induced Lysimachus to effect a diversion by carrying the war into Asia against Antigonus, and sent also to Seleucus and Ptolemy for assistance. Meanwhile Demetrius, with far superior forces rem
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
nd ingenuity in devising new methods of attack, which earned for him the surname of Poliorcetes. The gigantic machines with which he assailed the walls, the largest of which was called the Helepolis or city-taker, were objects of admiration in succeeding ages. But all his exertions were unavailing, and after the siege had lasted above a year, he was at length induced to conclude a treaty, by which the Rhodians engaged to support Antigonus and Demetrius in all cases, except against Ptolemy, B. C. 304. (Diod. 20.81-88, 91-100; Plut. Demetr. 21, 22.) This treaty was brought about by the intervention of envoys from Athens; and thither Demetrius immediately hastened, to relieve the Athenians, who were at this time hard pressed by Cassander. Landing at Aulis, he quickly made himself master of Chalcis, and compelled Cassander not only to raise the siege of Athens, but to evacuate all Greece south of Thermopylae. He now again took up his winter-quarters at Athens, where he was received as b
Eume'lus (*Eu)/mhlos), one of the three sons of Parysades, King of Bosporus. After his father's death he engaged in a war for the crown with llis brothers Satyrus and Prytanis, who were successively killed in battle. Eumnelus reigned most prosperously for five years nd five months, B. C. 309-304. (Diod. 20.22-26; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. pp. 282, 285.) [P.
10.252) remarks that she was represented with a key. At Rome the earth was worshipped under the name of Tellus (which is only a variation of Terra). There, too, she was regarded as an infernal divinity (*De/a xqo/nia) being mentioned in connection with Dis and the Manes, and when persons invoked them or Tellus they sank their arms downwards, while in invoking Jupiter they raised them to heaven. (Varro, de Re Rust. 1.1. 15; Macr. 3.9; Liv. 8.9, 10.29.) The consul P. Sempronius Sophus, in B. C. 304, built a temple to Tellus in consequence of an earthquake which had occurred during the war with the Picentians. This temple stood on the spot which had formerly been occupied by the house of Sp. Cassius, in the street leading to the Carinae. (Flor. 1.19.2; Liv. 2.41; V. Max. 6.3.1; Plin. Nat. 34.6, 14; Dionys. A. R. 8.79.) Herfestival was celebrated on the 15th of April, immediately after that of Ceres, and was called Fordicidia or Hordicidia. The sacrifice, consisting of cows, was offere
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ampaign. llis command in Samnium, with the title of proconsul, was continued during B. C. 307, and he defeated the Samnites near Allifae. This campaign also is liable to suspicion, since Fabius obtained no triumph. (Liv. 9.42; Diod. 20.44.) Ill B. C. 304 Fabius was censor. Upon Livy's brief and uninstructive words (9.46) a pile of hypothesis has been raised by modern and recent scholars. We can only refer to Niebuhr Hist. of Rome, vol. iii. pp. 320-350), Zumpt (Die Centurien, Berlin, 1836), Husent (epulum), and in a distribution of provisions (visceratio) to the citizens of Rome. (Aurel. Vict. Vir. Ill. 32.) The cause of his obtaining the cognomen Maximus is uncertain. Livy (9.46) says that his political services in the censorship of B. C. 304 were the cause. But he makes a doubt (30.26) whether the cognomen were not originally conferred on his great grand son, Q. Fabius, the dictator in the second Punic war [No. 4]; and Polybius (3.87) says that the latter Fabius was the first of th
Menede'mus 2. A general of the Rhodians, who, during the siege of Rhodes by Demetrius Poliorcetes (B. C. 305-304), intercepted and took many ships that were bringing provisions and supplies to Demetrius, including one containing presents for the king himself from Phila, which were immediately sent to Ptolemy in Egypt. (Diod. 20.93; Plut. Demetr. 22.)
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