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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 305 BC or search for 305 BC in all documents.

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Athena'goras 2. A Milesian, was sent by Ptolemy at the head of some mercenary troops to the assistance of the Rhodians, when they were attacked by Demetrius Poliorcetes (B. C. 305), and commanded the guard of the counter-mine which was dug by the Rhodians. Demetrius attempted to bribe him, but he disclosed his overtures to the Rhodians, and enabled them to make prisoner Alexander, an officer of high rank in the service of Demetrius. (Diod. 20.94.)
Auguri'nus 6. Ti. Minucius Augurinus, consul B. C. 305, the last year of the Samnite war, was said in some annals to have received a mortal wound in battle. (Liv. 9.44; Diod. 20.81.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
in the prime of her youth, soon obtained the greatest influence over the young king. (Plut. Demetr. 16, 19, 27; Athen. 4.128, xiii. p. 577.) From these enjoyments he was, however, soon compelled to rouse himself, in order to take part with Antigonus in his expedition against Egypt: but the fleet which he commanded suffered severely from storms, and, after meeting with many disasters, both father and son were compelled to retreat. (Diod. 20.73-76; Plut. Demetr. 19.) In the following year (B. C. 305) Demetrius determined to punish the Rhodians for having refused to support his father and himself against Ptolemy, and proceeded to besiege their city both by sea and land. The siege which followed is rendered one of the most memorable in ancient history, both by the vigorous and able resistance of the besieged, and by the extraordinary efforts made by Demetrius, who displayed on this occasion in their full extent that fertility of resource and ingenuity in devising new methods of attack,
to them. It was erected in the Forum, on the spot where they had been seen after the battle, opposite the temple of Vesta. It was consecrated on the 15th of July, the anniversary day of the battle of Regillus. (Dionys. A. R. 6.13; Liv.2.20, 42.) Subsequently, two other temples of the Dioscuri were built, one in the Circus Maximus, and the other in the Circus Flaminius. (Vitr. 4.7; P. Vict. Reg. Urb. xi.) From that time the equites regarded the Castores as their patrons, and after the year B. C. 305, the equites went every year, on the 15th of July, in a magnificent procession on horseback, from the temple of Mars through the main streets of the city, across the Forum, and by the ancient temple of the Dioscuri. In this procession the equites were adorned with olive wreaths and dressed in the trabea, and a grand sacrifice was offered to the twin gods by the most illustrious persons of the equestrian order. (Dionys. l.c.; Liv. 9.46; V. Max. 2.2.9; Aurel. Vict. de Vir. illustr. 32.) [L.S
Fu'lvius 2. M. Fulvius Curius Paetinus, consul in B. C. 305, in the place of T. Minucius, who had fallen in the war against the Samnites. According to some annalists, M. Fulvius took the town of Bovianum, and celebrated a triumph over the Samnites. (Liv. 9.44.)
Ge'llia Gens plebeian, was of Samnite origin, and afterwards settled at Rome. We find two generals of this name in the history of the Samnite wars, Gellius Statius in the second Samnite nite war, who was defeated and taken prisoner, B. C. 305 (Liv. 9.44), and Gellius Egnatius in the third Samnite war. [EGNATIUS, No. 1.] The Gellii seem to have settled at Rome soon after the conclusion of the second Punic war; since the first who is mentioned as a Roman is Cn. Gellius in the time of Cato the Censor, who defended L. Turius when the latter was accused by Cn. Gellius. (Gel. 14.2.) This Cn. Gellius was probably the father of Gellius, the historian, mentioned below, with whom he has been frequently confounded. (Meyer, Orator. Rom. Fragm. p. 141, 2nd edition.) The Gellii subsequently attained the highest offices in the state; but the first member of the gens who obtained the consulship was L. Gellius Poplicola, in B. C. 72. The only surnames of this gens under the republic are CANUS and POP
Megellus 1. L. Postumius Sp., L. F. N. MEGELLUS, who as curule aedile built, and in his second consulship dedicated, a temple to Victory with the produce of the fines levied by him for encroachments on the demesne-land. The year of his aedileship is urknown Megellus was consul for the first time in B. C. 305, according to the Fasti, although some of the annalists placed this consulate two years earlier. It was towards the close of the second Samnite war, and Megellus, after defeating the Samnites in the field, took Bovianum, one of their principal fortresses on the north side of the Matese. On their march homeward Megellus and his colleague Minucius recovered Sora and Arpinum in the valley of the Liris, and Cerennia or Censennia (Liv. 9.44; Diod. 20.90), whose site is unknown. For this campaign Livy ascribes a triumph to Megellus, which the Fasti do not confirm. Megellus was propraetor in B. C. 295, when Rome was awaiting a combined invasion of the Gauls and Samnites, the Etruscans a
Menede'mus 2. A general of the Rhodians, who, during the siege of Rhodes by Demetrius Poliorcetes (B. C. 305-304), intercepted and took many ships that were bringing provisions and supplies to Demetrius, including one containing presents for the king himself from Phila, which were immediately sent to Ptolemy in Egypt. (Diod. 20.93; Plut. Demetr. 22.)
Paeti'nus 1. M. Fulvius Curvus Paetinus, consul B. C. 305. [FULVIUS, No. 2.]
Pasi'philus (*Pasi/filos), a general of Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, who was despatched by him with an army against Messana, where the Syracusan exiles had taken refilge. Pasiphilus defeated the Messanians, and compelled them to expel the exiles. (Diod. 19.102.) IIe was shortly after sent a second time (together with Demophilus) to oppose the exiles, who haodi assembled a large force under Deinocrates and Philonides, and attacked and totally defeated them near Galaria. (Id. ib 104.) At a subsequent period (ia. 100.306), the disasters sustained by Ag.; thocles in Africa indnced Pasiphilus to despair of his cause, and he went over to Dl)inocrates, with the whole force under his command. But his treachery was justly punished, for the following year )einocrates, having, in his tiurn, betraved his associates, and made a separate peace with Agathocles, caused Pasiphilus to 1be arrested and put to death at Gela, B. C. 305. (Id. 20.77, 90.) [E.H.B
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