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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 32 32 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography, Book 7, chapter 3 (search)
the island and yet sent gifts and made a compact of friendship; and, secondly, that the Celti said that they feared no one, and yet valued above everything else the friendship of great men. Again, Dromichaetes was king of the Getae in the time of the successors of Alexander. Now he, when he captured LysimachusLysimachus, one of Alexander's generals and successors, obtained Thrace as his portion in the division of the provinces after Alexander's death (323 B.C.), assuming the title of king 306 B.C. He was taken captive, and released, by Dromichaetes 291 B.C. alive, who had made an expedition against him, first pointed out the poverty both of himself and of his tribe and likewise their independence of others, and then bade him not to carry on war with people of that sort but rather to deal with them as friends; and after saying this he first entertained him as a guest, and made a compact of friendship, and then released him. Moreover, Plato in his Republic thinks that those who w
Polybius, Histories, book 3, Treaties Between Rome and Carthage (search)
Treaties Between Rome and Carthage After this treaty there was a second, in which we find Second treaty. B. C. 306 (?). that the Carthaginians have included the Tyrians and the township of Utica in addition to their former territory; and to the Fair Promontory Mastia and Tarseium are added, as the points east of which the Romans are not to make marauding expeditions or found a city. The treaty is as follows: "There shall be friendship between the Romans and their allies, and the Carthaginians, Tyrians, and township of Utica, on these terms: The Romans shall not maraud, nor traffic, nor found a city east of the Fair Promontory, Mastia, Tarseium. If the Carthaginians take any city in Latium which is not subject to Rome, they may keep the prisoners and the goods, but shall deliver up the town. If the Carthaginians take any folk, between whom and Rome a peace has been made in writing, though they be not subject to them, they shall not bring them into any harbours of the Romans; if such
without reputation, can only be noticed here in a summary manner: Aristocydes; Anaxander; Aristobulus of Syria; Arcesilas,See B. xxxiv. cc. 19, 39. Sillig is of opinion that the picture mentioned by Pausanias, B. I. c. 1, in honour of Leosthenes, killed in the Lamian War, B.C. 323, was by this artist. son of Tisicrates; Corœbos, a pupil of Nicomachus; Charmantides, a pupil of Euphranor; Dionysodorus of Colophon; Dicæogenes, a contemporary of King Demetrius;Poliorcetes, who began to reign B.C. 306. Euthymides; HeraclidesAlready mentioned in this Chapter, at greater length. of Macedon; Milo of Soli, a pupil of the statuary Pyromachus; Mnasitheus of Sicyon; Mnasitimus, the son and pupil of Aristonidas;See B. xxxiv. c. 40. Nessus, son of Habron;See Chapter 36 of this Book, and the present Chapter. Of the greater part of these artists nothing further is known. Polemon of Alexandria; Theodorus of Samos, and Stadieus, pupils of Nicosthenes; and Xeno of Sicyon, a pupil of Neocles. There have
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, EQUUS TREMULI (search)
EQUUS TREMULI an equestrian statue of Q. Marcius Tremulus, consul in 306 B.C., erected in front of the temple of Castor and Pollux to commemorate his victory over the Hernici (Liv. ix. 43. 22). It was still standing in Cicero's day (Phil. vi. 13), but had disappeared before the time of Pliny (NH xxxiv. 23). A concrete base in front of the temple of Divus Iulius has been believed to be that of this statue (NS 1904, 106; CR 1904, 330; BC 1904, 178-179 ; Atti 583, 584), but it certainly belongs to the Augustan period (Mitt. 1905, 73, 74; P1. 260, 261; HC 155). To suppose either that so comparatively unimportant a monument would have been restored and placed in front of the new temple, or that, having been restored, it would so soon have disappeared, is almost impossible; and it is far more natural to attribute it to a statue of Caesar himself. See STATUA (LORICATA) DIVI IULII.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTA CARMENTALIS (search)
PORTA CARMENTALIS a gate in the Servian wall which derived its name from the neighbouring shrine of CARMENTA (q.v.) at the south-west corner of the Capitoline (Dionys. i. 32; x. 14; Solin. i. 13; Liv. xxiv. 47; xxv. 7; xxvii. 37; Plut. Cam. 25). The location of this gate was very near the intersection of the present Via della Consolazione and the Via della Bocca della Veriti. It appears to have had two openings (Liv. ii. 49; Ov. Fast. ii. 201), and one of these openings was called porta Scelerata because the ill-fated Fabii marched through it into Etruscan territory in 306 B.C. (Ov. Fast. ii. 203; Fest. 285, 334, 335; Verg. Aen. viii. 337, and Serv.; Jord. i. I. 238-239; Hermes 1870, 234; 1882, 428; Gilb. ii. 299; RE iii. 1596, Suppl. iii. 1183; Elter, Cremera u. porta Carmentalis, Progr. 1910; AR 1909, 71; BC 1914, 77; CR 1918, 14-16; Fowler, Gathering of the Clans 36; for an erroneous view of the position of this gate, cf. M61. 1909, 103).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Arx or Capitol, 54, 97. 378Fortifications of Palatine, 376. 377-353The 'Servian ' walls rebuilt, 353. 375Temple of Juno Lucina, 288. 367of Concord vowed, 138. 344Camills builds Temple of Juno Moneta, 54, 289. 338Columna Maenia, 131. (after). The Rostra decorated with prows, 450. 329First carceres in Circus Maximus, 114. 325Templ of uirins vowed, 438. 312Aqua Appia and Via Appia constructed, 2a, 559. 311Temple of Salus vowed, 462. 310Gilded shields used to decorate Tabernae in Forum, 504. 306Temple of Salus begun, 462. Equus Tremuli, 202. 305Colossal statue of Hercules placed on Capitol, 49. 304Shrine of Concord on Graecostasis, 138, 248. 303Temple of Salus dedicated, 462. IIIrd cent.Lower room of Carcer (?) 100. 296Clivus Martis paved, 123. Quadriga of Capitoline Temple replaced, 298. Sacellum Pudicitiae Plebeiae, 434. Monument ad Ficum Ruminalem, 208. Temple of Bellona vowed (dedicated some years later), 82. 295of Juppiter Victor, 306. of Venus Obsequens
e probably exhibited as early as the 104th Olympiad. The *)Agw=nis, in which he ridiculed Misgolas, was no doubt written while he was alive, and Aeschines (c. Timarch. pp. 6-8) in B. C. 345, speaks of him as then living. The *)Adelfoi/ and *Stoatiw/ths, in which he satirized Demosthenes, were acted shortly after B. C. 343. The *(/Ippos, in which he alluded to the decree of Sophocles against the philosophers, in B. C. 316. The *Pu/raunos in B. C. 312. The *Farmakopw/lh and *(Uobolimai=os in B. C. 306. As might have been expected in a person who wrote so much, the same passage frequently occurred in several plays; nor did he scruple sometimes to borrow from other poets, as, for example, from Eubulus. (Athen. 1.25f.) Carystius of Pergamus (apud Athen. vi. p. 235e.) says he was the first who invented the part of the parasite. This is not quite correct, as it had been introduced before him by Epicharmus ; but he appears to have been the first who gave it the form in which it afterwards a
Amastris 3. Also called Amastrine (*)Amastrinh/), the daughter of Oxyartes, the brother of Darius, was given by Alexander in marriage to Craterus. (Arrian. Anab. 7.4.) Craterus having fallen in love with Phila, the daughter of Antipater, Amastris married Dionysius, tyrant of Heracleia, in Bithynia, B. C. 322. After he death of Dionysius, In B. C. 306, who left her guardian of their children, Clearchus, Oxyathres, and Amastris, she married Lysimachus, B. C. 302. Lysimachus, however, abandoned her shortly afterwards, and married Arsinoe, the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus ; whereupon Amastris retired to Heracleia, which she governed in her own right. She also founded a city, called after her own name, on the sea-coast of Paphlagonia. She was drowned by her two sons about B. C. 288. (Memnon, 100.4, 5 ; Diod. 20.109.) The head figured below probably represents Amastris: the woman on the reverse holds a small figure of victory in her hand. (Eckhel, ii. p. 421.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'gonus the One-eyed (search)
my, who had gained the island of Cyprus. The fleet of Demetrius met that of Ptolemy off the city of Salamis in Cyprus, and a battle ensued, which is one of the most memorable of the naval engagements of antiquity. Ptolemy was entirely defeated (B. C. 306), and Antigonus assumed in consequence the title of king, and the diadem, the symbol of royal power in Persia. He also conferred the same title upon Demetrius, between whom and his father the most cordial friendship and unanimity always prevailng year (B. C. 307). Antigonus thought that the time had now come for crushing Ptolemy. He accordingly invaded Egypt with a large force, but his invasion was as unsuccessful as Cassander's had been : he was obliged to retire with great loss. (B. C. 306.) He next sent Demetrius to besiege Rhodes, which had refused to assist him against Ptolemy, and had hitherto remained neutral. Although Demetrius made the most extraordinary efforts to reduce the place, he was completely baffled by the energy
en accidentally driven to Alexandria, overcame the dislike which Ptolemy bore to him, and remained in Egypt during the latter part of his life, enjoying the favour of that king, in spite of the schemes of his rivals to disgrace him. The account of his life cannot be carried further; we are not told when or where he died; but from the above facts his date can be fixed, since he practised his art before the death of Philip (B. C. 336), and after the assumption of the regal title by Ptolemy. (B. C. 306.) As the result of a minute examination of all the facts, Tölken (Amalth. iii. pp. 117-119) places him between 352 and 308 B. C. According to Pliny, he flonrished about the 112th Olympiad, B. C. 332. Many anecdotes are preserved of Apelles and his contemporaries, which throw an interesting light both on his personal and his professional character. He was ready to acknowledge that in some points he was excelled by other artists, as by Amphion in grouping and by Asclepiadorus in perspectiv
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