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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER I. (search)
ar, earthquakes destroyed most
of the towns;B.C. 91. but after Augustus Cæsar had driven Sextus
Pompeius out of Sicily, when he saw that the city was deficient of inhabitants, he appointed certain of those who
accompanied the expedition to reside there, and it is now
tolerably well peopled.The defeat of Sextus Pompeins is referred to the year 36 B. C., but
there is no precise date mentioned for the establishment of the veteran
soldiers in Rhegium, which probably took place about the year 31 B. C.
Sailing 50 stadia from Rhegium towards the east, we
meet the cape called Leucopetra, from the colour of the rock,
where they say the range of the Apennines terminates.Pliny computes the distance from Rhegium to Cape Leucopetra at 12
miles; there is probably some error in the text, as there is no cape which
corresponds with the distance of 50 stadia from Rhegium. A note in the
French translation proposes to read 100 instead of 50 stadia. Topographers are not agreed in fixing the si
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VII. (search)
which is a little more than four stadia in width. The circuit
of the gulf is 400 stadia, and the whole has good harbours.
On sailing into it, on the right hand are the Acarnanes, who
are Greeks; and here near the entrance of the gulf is a temple of Apollo Actius, situated on an eminence; in the plain
below is a sacred grove, and a naval station. Here Augustus
CæsarCæsar Augustus (then Cæsar Octavianus) obtained the celebrated
victory of Actium over Marcus Antonius, B. C. 31. The latter, after his
defeat, fled into Egypt with Cleopatra. The battle would appear to have
taken place at the entrance into the Gulf of Arta, and therefore probably
off La Punta, opposite Prevesa, and not off the modern town of Azio. dedicated as offerings one-tenth of the vessels taken in
war, from vessels of one bank to vessels of ten banks of oars.
The vessels, and the buildings destined for their reception,
were destroyed, it is said, by fire.
On the left hand are Nicopolis,In th
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK X., CHAPTER V. (search)
ia. Syros,Syra. Myconus,Myconi.
Tenos,Tino. Andros,Andro. Gyarus.Jura. Pliny, viii. 29, says the inhabitants were driven from the island
by mice. The rest I consider as belonging to the Twelve, but not Prepesinthus, Oliarus, and Gyarus.
When I put in at the latter island I found a small village inhabited by fishermen. When we left it we took in a fisherman, deputed from the inhabitants to go to C$esar, who was
at Corinth on his way to celebrate his triumph after the victory at Actium.B. C. 31. He told his fellow-passengers, that he was
deputed to apply for an abatement of the tribute, for they
were required to pay 150 drachmæ, when it was with difficulty they could pay 100.
Aratus,The title (which has been much questioned by critics) of this lost
work of Aratus appears to have been, from this passage, Ta/ kata\ lepto/n,
which Latin translators have rendered, Minuta, or Details. Casaubon is
of opinion that it is the same as referred to by Callimachus, under the