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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 311 BC or search for 311 BC in all documents.

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onia in opposition to Polysperchon; and Roxana, dreading her influence, fled with her son Alexander into Epeirus, where Olympias had lived for a long time. At the instigation of Olympias, Aeacides, king of Epeirus, made common cause with Polysperchon, and restored the young Alexander to Macedonia in 317. [AEACIDES.] Eurydice and her husband were put to death, and the supreme power fell into the hands of Olympias. (19.11; Justin, 14.5.) But in the following year Cassander obtained possession of Macedonia, put Olympias to death, and imprisoned Alexander and his mother. They remained in prison till the general peace made in 311, when Alexander's title to the crown was recognized. Many of his partizans demanded that he should be immediately released from prison and placed upon the throne. Cassander therefore resolved to get rid of so dangerous a rival, and caused him and his mother Roxana to be murdered secretly in prison. (B. C. 311. Diod. 19.51, 52, 61, 105; Justin, 15.2 ; Paus. 9.7.2.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'gonus the One-eyed (search)
reach of Antigonus, and accordingly left Babylon secretly with a few horsemen, and fled to Egypt. The ambitious projects and great power of Antigonus now led to a general coalition against him, consisting of Seleucus, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus. The war began in the year 315, and was carried on with great vehemence and alternate success in Syria, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, and Greece. After four years, all parties became exhausted with the struggle, and peace was accordingly made, in B. C. 311, on condition that the Greek cities should be free, that Cassander should retain his authority in Europe till Alexander Aegus came of age, that Lysimachus and Ptolemy should keep possession of Thrace and Egypt respectively, and that Antigonus should have the government of all Asia. The name of Seleucus, strangely enough, does not appear in the treaty. This peace, however, did not last more than a year. Ptolemy was the first to break it, under pretence that Antigonus had not restored to
Ati'lius 2. L. Atilius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 311, brought forward a bill, in conjunction with his colleague, C. Marcius, giving the people the power of electing 16 military tribunes in the four legions, the usual number levied annually. (Liv. 9.30.) As there were six tribunes in each legion, the people by this bill had the election of two-thirds of the whole number. Previously they appointed only six; the remaining eighteen were nominated by the consuls. (Comp. Liv. 7.5.)
De'cius 2. M. Decius, tribune of the people in B. C. 311, when he carried a plebiscitum, that the people should appoint duumviri naxales to restore and equip the Roman fleet. (Liv. 9.30.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
ay before them. Demetrius was next employed by his father in an expedition against the Nabathaean Arabs, and in a more important one to recover Babylon, which had been lately occupied by Seleucus. This he accomplished with little difficulty, but did not complete his work, and without waiting to reduce one of the forts or citadels of Babylon itself, he left a force to continue the siege, and returned to join Antigonus, who almost immediately afterwards concluded peace with the confederates, B. C. 311. (Diod. 19.96-98, 100; Plut. Demetr. 7.) This did not last long, and Ptolemy quickly renewed the war, which was however almost confined to maritime operations on the coasts of Cilicia and Cyprus, in which Demetrius, who commanded the fleet of Antigonus, obtained many successes. In 307 he was despatched by his father with a powerful fleet and army to endeavour to wrest Greece from the hands of Cassander and Ptolemy, who held all the principal towns in it, notwithstanding that the freedom of
Glau'cias 3. (Perhaps the same with the preceding). A follower of Cassander, whom he entrusted with the charge of Roxana and her son Alexander when he confined them as prisoners in the citadel of Amphipolis. After the peace of B. C. 311, Cassander sent secret orders to Glaucias to put both his capwas for tives to death, which instructions be immediately obeyed. (Diod. 19.52, 105.) [E.H.B]
No. 2], was appointed to succeed the preceding in the command of the Carthaginian province in Sicily. (Just. 22.3.) The government of Carthage having resolved to engage seriously in war with Agathocles, committed the conduct of it to Hamilcar,who was at that time, according to Diodorus, the most eminent among all their generals. The same writer elsewhere styles him king, that is, of course, suffete. (Diod. 19.106, 20.33.) Having assembled a large fleet and army, Hamilcar sailed for Sicily (B. C. 311); and though he lost sixty triremes and many transports on the passage, soon again restored his forces with fresh recruits, and advanced as far as the river Himera. Here he was met by Agathocles, and, after a short interval, a decisive action ensued. in which the Syracusans were totally defeated with great slaughter. Agathocles took refuge in Gela; but Hamilcar, instead of besieging him there, employed himself in gaining over or reducing the other cities of Sicily, most of which gladly fo
11.10, 13.2.) But the proposal was received with general disapprobation, and the young prince, who was at the time at Pergamus, where he had been brought up by Barsine, continued to reside there, under his mother's care, apparently forgotten by all the rival candidates for empire, until the year 310, when he was dragged forth from his retirement, and his claim to the sovereignty once more advanced by Polysperchon. The assassination of Roxana and her son by Cassander in the preceding year (B. C. 311) had left Hercules the only surviving representative of the royal house of Macedonia, and Polysperchon skilfully availed himself of this circumstance to gather round his standard all those hostile to Cassander, or who clung to the last remaining shadow of hereditary right. By these means he assembled an army of 20,000 foot and 1000 horse, with which he advanced towards Macedonia. Cassander met him at Trarmpyae, in the district of Stymphaea, but, alarmed at the disposition which he perceive
Ma'rcius 2. C. Marcius, tribune of the plebs B. C. 311, brought forward with his colleague, L. Atilius, the law which is detailed elsewhere. [ATILIUS, No. 2.] (Liv. 9.30.) He is probably the same as the C. Marcius, who was chosen in B. C. 300 among the first plebeian augurs. (Liv. 10.9.)
Pry'tanis 2. One of the sons of PARISADES I., king of Bosporus. He appears to have submitted without opposition to the authority of his elder brother Satyrus, who ascended the throne on the death of Parisades, B. C. 311, and was left by him in charge of his capital city of Panticapaeum, during the campaign in which he engaged against their remaining brother Eumelus. Satyrus himself having fallen on this expedition, Prytanis assumed the sovereign power, but was defeated by Eumelus, and compelled to conclude a treaty, by which he resigned the crown to his brother. Notwithstanding this, he made a second attempt to recover it, but was again defeated, and put to death by order of Eumelus. His wife and children shared the same fate. (Diod. 20.22-24.) [E.H.B]
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