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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 31 31 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 312 BC or search for 312 BC in all documents.

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A'lcetas II., king of EPIRUS, was the son of Arymbas, and grandson of Alcctas I. On account of his ungovernable temper, he was banished by his father, who appointed his younger son, Aeacides, to succeed him. On the death of Aeacides, who was killed in a battle fought with Cassander B. C. 313, the Epirots recalled Alcetas. Cassander sent an army against hint under the command of Lyciscus, but soon after entered into an alliance with him (B. C. 312). The Epirots, incensed at the outrages of Alcetas, rose against him and put him to death, together with his two sons; on which Pyrrhus, the son of Aeacides, was placed upon the throne by his protector Glaucias, king of the Illyrians, B. C. 307. (Paus. 1.11.5; Diod. 19.88, 89 ; Plut. Pyrrh. 3.) [C.P.M]
, and *Para/ditos, in which he ridiculed Plato, were probably exhibited as early as the 104th Olympiad. The *)Agw=nis, in which he ridiculed Misgolas, was no doubt written while he was alive, and Aeschines (c. Timarch. pp. 6-8) in B. C. 345, speaks of him as then living. The *)Adelfoi/ and *Stoatiw/ths, in which he satirized Demosthenes, were acted shortly after B. C. 343. The *(/Ippos, in which he alluded to the decree of Sophocles against the philosophers, in B. C. 316. The *Pu/raunos in B. C. 312. The *Farmakopw/lh and *(Uobolimai=os in B. C. 306. As might have been expected in a person who wrote so much, the same passage frequently occurred in several plays; nor did he scruple sometimes to borrow from other poets, as, for example, from Eubulus. (Athen. 1.25f.) Carystius of Pergamus (apud Athen. vi. p. 235e.) says he was the first who invented the part of the parasite. This is not quite correct, as it had been introduced before him by Epicharmus ; but he appears to have been the
Athenaeus 2. A lieutenant of Antigonus, who was sent against the Nabataeans, an Arabian people. (B. C. 312.) He surprised the stronghold of Petra, but afterwards suffered himself to be surprised in the night, and his army was almost entirely destroyed. (Diod. 19.94.)
Bryaxis (*Bru/acis), an Athenian statuary in stone and metal, cast a bronze statue of Seleucus. king of Syria (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19), and, together with Scopas, Timotheus, and Leochares, adorned the Mausoleum with bas-reliefs. (Plin. Nat. 36.5. s. 4.) He must have lived accordingly B. C. 372-312. (Sillig. Catal. Art. s. v.) Besides the two works above mentioned, Bryaxis executed five colossal statues at Rhodes (Plin. Nat. 34.7. s. 18), an Asclepios (H. N. 34.8. s. 19), a Liber, father of Cnidus (H. N. 36.5), and a statue of Pasiphae. (Tatian. ad Graec. 54.) If we believe Clemens Alexandrinus (Protr. p. 30c.), Bryaxis attained so high a degree of perfection, that two statues of his were ascribed by some to Phidias. [W.I
Caecus a surname of Ap. Claudius, censor B. C. 312 and consul in 307 and 296. His life is related under CLAUDIUS, as he is better known under the latter name.
Clau'dia 1. Five of this name were daughters of App. Claudius Caecus, censor B. C. 312. [CLAUDIUS, Stemma, No. 10.) It is related of one of them, that, being thronged by the people as she was returning home from the games, she expressed a wish that her brother Publius had been alive, that he might again lose a fleet, and lessen the number of the populace. For this she was fined by the plebeian aediles, B. C. 246. (Liv. xix.; Valer. Max. viii., 1.4; Sueton. Tib. 2; Gel. 10.6.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), APP. Clau'dius Caecus (search)
10. APP. CLAUDIUS APP., C. F. N. CAECUS, son of No. 9. It was generally believed among the ancients that his blindness was real, and there can be no doubt that such was the fact, though it is pretty certain that he did not become blind before his old age. The tradition of the occasion of his blindness is given by Livy, 9.29. (See also Cic. de Senect. 6, Tusc. Disp. 5.38; Plut. Pyrrh. 18, 19; Diodorus, 20.36; Appian, Samn. 10.) He was twice curule aedile (Frontin. de Aquaed. 5.72), and in B. C. 312 was elected censor with C. Plautius, without having been consul previously. (Liv. 9.29.) With the design of forming in the senate and people a party which should be subservient to him in his ambitious designs, he filled up the vacancies in the senate with the names of a large number of the low popular party, including even the sons of freedmen. His list, however, was set aside the following year, upon which C. Plautius resigned, and Appius continued in office as sole censor. He then proce
Dai'machus or DEI'MACHUS (*Dai+/maxos or *Dhi+/maxos), of Plataeae, a Greek historian, whose age is determined by the fact, that he was sent as ambassador to Allitrochades, the son of Androcottus or Sandrocottus, king of India (Strab. ii. p.70), and Androcottus reigned at the time when Seleucus was laying the foundation of the subsequent greatness of his empire, about B. C. 312. (Just. 15.4.) This fact at once shews the impossibility of what Casaubon (ad Diog. Laert. 1.1) endeavoured to prove, that the historian Ephorus had stolen whole passages from Daimachus's work, since Ephorus lived and wrote before Daimachus. The latter wrote a work on India, which consisted of at least two books. He had probably acquired or at least increased his knowledge of those eastern countries during his embassy; but Strabo nevertheless places him at the head of those who had circulated false and fabulous accounts about India. (Comp. Athen. 9.394; Harpocrat. s. v. e)gguqh/kh; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. 1.5
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
inst Privernum, while his colleague was engaged in raising another army to meet the Gauls, who were reported to be marching south sward. But this report proved to be unfounded, and all the Roman forces were now directed against Privernum. The town was taken, its walls were pulled down, and a strong garrison was left on the spot. On his return Decianus celebrated a triumph. During the discussions in the senate as to what punishment was to be inflicted upon the Privernatans, Decianus humanely endeavoured to alleviate their fate. According to the Fasti, C. Plautius Decianus was consul also in the year following; but Livy mentions in his stead P. Plautius Proculus. In B. C. 312, C. Plautius Decianus was censor with Appius Claudius, and after holding the office eighteen months, he laid it down, in accordance with the lex Aemilia, while Appius Claudius, refusing obedience to the law, remained censor alone. (Liv. 8.20, 22, 9.29, 33; V. Max. 6.2.1; Frontin. de Aquaed. 1.5; Diod. 20.36.) [L.S]
Deino'crates (*Deinokra/ths). 1. A Syracusan, was originally a friend of Agathocles, who on that account spared his life in the massacre at Syracause by which he established himself in the tyranny, B. C. 317. Afterwards, however, in B. C. 312, we find Deinocrates commanding the Syracusan exiles them against Agathocles. The latter, when he fled from Africa and returned to Sicily at the end of B. C. 307, found Deinocrates at the head of so formidable an army, that he offered to abdicate the tyranny and restore the exiles, stipulating only for the possession of two fortresses with the territory around them. But the ambition of Deinocrates, who preferred his present power to the condition of a private citizen in Syracuse, led him to reject the offer. Agathocles, however, defeated him in a battle, and he then submitted. He was received into favour by the tyrant, who gave him the command of a portion of his forces, and retained him in his confidence to the end. (Diod. 19.8, 104, 20.77, 7
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