is probably that which is given by Herodotus (who was born 484 B. C.). He describes the mode in which an ancient aqueduct was made by Eupalinus, an architect of Megara, to supply the city of Samos with water.
In the course of the aqueduct a tunnel, nearly a mile in length, was pierced through a hill, and a channel three feet wide made to convey the water.
The first of the Roman aqueducts (Aqua Appia) was built, according to Diodorus, by Appius Claudius, in the year of the city 441, or 312 B. C. The water which it supplied was collected from the neighborhood of Frascati, eleven miles from Rome, and its summit was about one hundred feet above the level of the city.
The second (Anio Vetus) was begun forty years after the last-named, by M. Curius Dentatus, and finished by Fulvius Flaccus: it was supplied from the country beyond Tivoli, forty-three miles distant. Near Vicovaro it is cut through a rock upwards of a mile in length, in which part it is five feet high and four feet w
aking the upper layer a depth of six inches.
Strabo informs us that the city of Babylon was paved at a very early date.
The date assigned (2000 B. C.) is perhaps fabulous, though it was quite within the capacity of the builders of the city walls, palaces, and the bridge across the Euphrates, to pave the city in good style.
Isodorus says that the Carthaginians had the first paved streets, and that their example was soon copied by the Romans.
Appius Claudius, the censor, constructed (312 B. C.) the road named after him, the Appian Way, which was, on account of its excellence, called the queen of roads. This was about ten years after the death of Alexander the Great.
The time, however, when the streets of Rome were first paved cannot be determined with certainty.
We are informed by Livy, that in the year of the city 584 (about 170 B. C.), the censors caused the streets to be paved from the ox-market to the temple of Venus.
The extravagant Heliogabalus caused the streets arou