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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 36 36 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 316 BC or search for 316 BC in all documents.

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, *)Agkuli/wn, *)Olumpi/dwros, and *Para/ditos, in which he ridiculed Plato, were probably exhibited as early as the 104th Olympiad. The *)Agw=nis, in which he ridiculed Misgolas, was no doubt written while he was alive, and Aeschines (c. Timarch. pp. 6-8) in B. C. 345, speaks of him as then living. The *)Adelfoi/ and *Stoatiw/ths, in which he satirized Demosthenes, were acted shortly after B. C. 343. The *(/Ippos, in which he alluded to the decree of Sophocles against the philosophers, in B. C. 316. The *Pu/raunos in B. C. 312. The *Farmakopw/lh and *(Uobolimai=os in B. C. 306. As might have been expected in a person who wrote so much, the same passage frequently occurred in several plays; nor did he scruple sometimes to borrow from other poets, as, for example, from Eubulus. (Athen. 1.25f.) Carystius of Pergamus (apud Athen. vi. p. 235e.) says he was the first who invented the part of the parasite. This is not quite correct, as it had been introduced before him by Epicharmus ; but
Anti'genes (*)Antige/nhs). 1. A general of Alexander the Great, also served under Philip, and lost an eye at the siege of Perinthus. (B. C. 340.) After the death of Alexander he obtained the satrapy of Susiana. He was one of the commanders of the Argyraspids (Dict. of Ant. s. v.), and espoused with his troops the side of Eumenes. On the defeat of the latter in B. C. 316, Antigenes fell into the hands of his enemy Antigonus, and was burnt alive by him. (Plut. Alex. 70; Arrian, apud Phot. p. 71b. Bekk.; Diod. 18.62, 19.12, &c., 44; Plut. Eum. 13
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'gonus the One-eyed (search)
gonus, and their confederacy was soon afterwards joined by Ptolemy. But they found a formidable rival in Eumenes, who was appointed by Polysperchon to the command of the troops in Asia. Antigonus commanded the troops of the confederates, and the struggle between him and Eumenes lasted for two years. The scene of the first campaign (B. C. 318) was Asia Minor and Syria, of the second (B. C. 317) Persia and Media. The contest was at length terminated by a battle in Gabiene at the beginning of B. C. 316, in which Eumenes was defeated. He was surrendered to Antigonus the next day through the treachery of the Argyraspids, and was put to death by the conqueror. Antigonus was now by far the most powerful of Alexander's generals, and was by no means disposed to share with his allies the fruits of his victory. He began to dispose of the provinces as he thought fit. He caused Pithon, a general of great influence, to be brought before his council, and condemned to death on the charge of treache
Aristo'nous 2. Of Pella, son of Peisaeus, one of the bodyguard of Alexander the Great, distinguished himself greatly on one occasion in India. On the death of Alexander, he was one of the first to propose that the supreme power should be entrusted to Perdiccas. He was subsequently the general of Olympias in the war with Cassander; and when she was taken prisoner in B. C. 316, he was put to death by order of Cassander. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 6.28, apud Phot. Cod. 92, p. 69a. 14. ed. Bekker ; Curt. 9.5, 10.6; Diod. 19.35, 50, 51.)
Arsi'noe 2. The daughter of Ptolemy I. and Berenice, born about B. C. 316, was married in B. C. 300 to Lysimachus, king of Thrace, who was then far advanced in years. Lysimachus had put away Amastris in order to marry Arsinoe, and upon the death of the former in B. C. 288 [AMASTRIS], Arsinoe received from Lysimachus the cities of Heracleia, Amastris, and Dium, as a present. (Plut. Demtr. 31; Paus. 1.10.3; Menmon, apud Phot. p. 225a. 30, ed. Bekker.) Arsinoe, who was anxious to secure the succession to the throne for her own children, was jealous of her step-son Agathocles, who was married to her half-sister Lysandra, the daughter of Ptolemy I. and Eurydice. Through the intrigues of Arsinoe, Agathocles was eventually put to death in B. C. 284. [AGATHOCLES, p. 65a.] This crime, however, led to the death of Lysimachus; for Lysandra fled with her children to Seleucus in Asia, who was glad of the pretext to march against Lysimachus. In the war which followed, Lysimachus lost his life (B
A'rtemon (*)Arte/mwn). 1. Of CASSANDREIA, a learned grammarian, who seems to have lived after B. C. 316. He is mentioned by Athenaeus (xii. p. 515) as the author of--1. *Peri\ sunagwgh=s (according to others a)nagwgh=s) *Bibli/wn, which would either be on collecting books, or on assigning books to their proper authors. 2. *Peri\ *Bibli/wn xrh/sews, or *Peri\ xrh/sews tw=n peri\ ta\s sunousi/as a)|dome/nwn. (Athen. 15.694.) He is perhaps the same as the author of a work peri\ *Dionusiakou= susth/matos, quoted by Athenaeus (xiv. pp. 636, 637), without any distinguishing epithet. There is also a work on painters (peri\ zwgra/fwn) which is ascribed to one Artemon. (Harpocrat. s. v. *Polu/gnwtos.) Fabricius is inclined to believe, that our Artemon of Cassandreia is the one of whom Demetrius (de Elocut. 231) speaks as the person who collected letters of Aristotl
Beroe the wife of Glaucias, an Illyrian king, took charge of Pyrrhus when his father, Aeacides, was expelled from Epeirus in B. C. 316. (Justin, 17.3.)
Blitor (*Bli/twr), satrap of Mesopotamia, was deprived of his satrapy by Antigonus in B. C. 316, because he had allowed Seleucus to escape from Babylon to Egypt in that year. (Appian, App. Syr. 53
Calas 2. One of Cassander's generals, whom he sent with a portion of his forces to keep Polysperchon employed in Perrhaebia, while he himself made his way to Macedon to take vengeance on Olympias, B. C. 317. Calas by bribes induced many of his opponent's soldiers to desert him, and blockaded Polysperchon himself in Naxium, a town of Perrhaebia, whence, on hearing of the death of Olympias, he escaped with a few attendants, and took refuge together with Aeacides in Aetolia, B. C. 316. (Diod. 19.35, 36, 52.) [E.E]
Democles 2. An Attic orator, and a contemporary of Demochares, among whose opponents he is mentioned. (Timaeus, apud Harpocrat. s. v. w(=| to\ i(ero\n pu=r.) He was a disciple of Theophrastus, and is chiefly known as the defender of the children of Lycurgus against the calumnies of Moerocles and Menesaechmus. (Plut. Vit. X Orat. p.842, D.) It seems that in the time of Dionysius of Halicarnassuis, some orations of Democles were still extant, since that critic (Deinarch. 11) attributes to him an oration, which went by the name of Deinarchus. It must be observed that Dionysius and Suidas call this orator by the patronymic form of his name, Democleides, and that Ruhnken (Hist. crit. orat. Graec. p. 92) is inclined to consider him as the same person with Democleides who was archon in B. C. 316. (Diod. 19.17.)
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