Cicero, and others,
Nep. Att. 15.
made loans to individuals and towns,
Nep. Att. 8; Cic. All. 1.13.1; 16.16a.4, 5.
carried on the business of a publisher,
Att. 2.1.2; 12.40.1; 12.45.3.
and even kept trained bands of
Att. 4.4b.2; 4.8a.2.
He abstained carefully from all participation in politics, and
yet was on intimate terms with members of all political parties. His
philosophical views were in harmony with his political attitude, as he was an
Epicurean. His sister Pomponia married Q. Cicero.
The intimate friendship which existed between Atticus and Cicero had a
practical as well as a sentimental basis. Atticus found it profitable to act as
Cicero's financial agent, and he found the letters of recommendation, which his
friend wrote for him to the governors of provinces, of great service, while
Cicero derived great profit from the advice and help which Atticus rendered him
in domestic, political, literary, and financial matters. Atticus died in 32 B.C.
Nep. Att. 22.
hat such a collection of Cicero's letters, not yet published, was in the possession of Atticus, makes it almost
certain that these letters were arranged for publication by him. It is
probable that they were not published until
after his death (32 B.C.).Bücheler (Rhein. Mus. 1879, p. 352) believes that they were published between 60 and 65 A.D., but his argument is not convincing.
Some of the men of note upon whom Cicero
had expressed unfavorable opinions were still living in 32 B.C., and the32 B.C., and the
publication of these letters would therefore have been indiscreet. The books in
the collection ad Att. stand in chronological order, and the letters
within the books are arranged chronologically, but not with accuracy.
With the Epistulae ad Quintum fratrem may be mentioned the
Commentariolum Petitionis,Upon the authenticity of the Commentariolum Petitionis, cf. Tyrrell, vol.1.2 pp. 110-121; Hendrickson, Amer. Jour. of Philol. vol. XIII. no.2.
a document which Quintus sent to his brother