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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 4 4 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 3 3 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 326 BC or search for 326 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Alexander I. or Alexander of Epirus (search)
d alliance with him by giving him his daughter Cleopatra in marriage. (B. C. 336.) At the wedding Philip was assassinated by Pausanias. In B. C. 332, Alexander, at the request of the Tarentines, crossed over into Italy, to aid them against the Lucanians and Bruttii. After a victory over the Samnites and Lucanians near Paestum he made a treaty with the Romans. Success still followed his arms. He took Heraclea and Consentia from the Lucanians, and Terina and Sipontum from the Bruttii. But in B. C. 326, through the treachery of some Lucanian exiles, he was compelled to engage under unfavourable circumstances near Pandosia, on the banks of the Acheron, and fell by the hand of one of the exiles, as he was crossing the river; thus accomplishing the prophecy of the oracle of Dodona, which had bidden him beware of Pandosia and the Acheron. He left a son, Neoptolemus, and a daughter, Cadmea. (Justin, 8.6, 9.6, 7, 12.2, 17.3, 18.1, 23.1 ; Liv. 8.3, 17, 24; Diod. 16.72.) The head on the annexed
Cleopatra 2. A daughter of Philip and Olympias, and sister of Alexander the Great, married Alexander, king of Epeirus, her uncle by the mother's side, B. C. 336. It was at the celebration of her nuptials, which took place on a magnificent scale at Aegae in Macedonia, that Philip was murdered. (Diod. 16.92.) Her husband died in B. C. 326 ; and after the death of her brother, she was sought in marriage by several of his generals, who thought to strengthen their influence with the Macedonians by a connexion with the sister of Alexander. Leonatus is first mentioned as putting forward a claim to her hand, and he represented to Eumenes that he received a promise of marriage from her. (Plut. Eum. 3.) Perdiccas next attempted to gain her in marriage, and after his death in B. C. 321, her hand was sought by Cassander, Lysimachus, and Antigonus. She refused, however, all these offers; and, anxious to escape from Sardis, where she had been kept for years in a sort of honourable captivity, she r
Critobu'lus (*Krito/boulos), a Greek surgeon, said by Pliny (Plin. Nat. 7.37) to have extracted an arrow from the eye of Philip the son of Amyntas, king of Macedonia, (probably at the siege of Methone, B. C. 353) so skilfully that, though he could not save his sight, he prevented his face from being disfigured. He is also mentioned by Quintus Curtius (9.5) as having been the person who extracted the weapon from the wound which Alexander received in storming the principal fortress of the Mallians, B. C. 326. [CRITODEMUS.] [W.A.
Critode'mus (*Krito/dhmos), a Greek surgeon of the family of the Asclepiadae, and a native of the island of Cos, who is said by Arrian (6.11) to have been the person who extracted the weapon front the wound which Alexander the Great received in storming the principal fortress of the Mallians, B. C. 326. [CRITOBULUS.] [W.A.
Cursor 3. L. Papirius Cursor, a son of No. 2, does not occur in history till the time when he was made magister equitum to the dictator L. Papirius Crassus in B. C. 340. In B. C. 333 he was made consul with C. Poetelius Libo, and according to some annals he obtained the same office a second time in B. C. 326, the year in which the second Samnite war broke out. In the year following he was appointed dictator to conduct the war in place of the consul L. Camillus, who had been taken seriously ill. Cursor and his magister equitum, Q. Fabius, afterwards surnamed Maximus, were the most distinguished generals of the time. Shortly after Papirius had taken the field, a doubt as to the validity of the auspices he had taken be fore marching against the enemy, obliged him to return to Rome and take them again. Q. Fabius was left behind to supply his place, but with the express command to avoid every engagement with the enemy during the dictator's absence. But Fabius allowed himself to be drawn i
. 26, Brut. 9; Plut. Dem. 8, 10, 11, Apophth. p. 181; Quint. Inst. 2.17.12, 12.10.49.) Works Both Cicero and Quintilian expressly state, that Demades left no written orations behind him. But from a passage in Tzetzes (Chil. 6.36), it is clear that the rhetorician, from whom he copied, possessed orations which were attributed to Demades. peri\ dwdekaeti/as There is extant a large fragment of an oration bearing the name of Demades (peri\ dwdekaeti/as), which must have been delivered in B. C. 326, and in which he defends his conduct during the period of Alexander's reign. Edition It was found by I. Bekker in no less than six MSS., and is printed in the collections of the Attic orators, but its genuineness is still doubtful. Suidas attributes to Demades also a history of Delos and of the birth of Leto's children, but this work can scarcely have been the production of our Demades, and we know of no other person of this name to whom it can be ascribed. Further Information Ruhnk
De'mophon 2. A soothsayer in Alexander's army, who warned the king of the danger to which his life would be exposed in the attack which he was on the point of making on the town of the Malli, B. C. 326. Alexander is said to have rejected the warning contemptuously, and in the assault he had a very narrow escape from death. (Diod. 17.93 ; Curt. 9.4; comp. Arr. Anab. 6.9, &c.; Plut. Alex. 63.) [E.E]
a by Amyntas, son of Andromenes, when he was sent home to collect levies in B. C. 332. (Curt. 7.1, ad fin.; see Vol. I. p. 155b.) Gorgias was one of the commanders left by Alexander in Bactria to complete the reduction of the Bactrian insurgents, and to check further rebellion, while the king himself marched to quell the revolt in Sogdiana, B. C. 328. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 4.16.) He accompanied Alexander in his Indian expedition, and, together with Attalus and Meleager, commanded the mercenaries at the passage of the Hydaspes against Porus in B. C. 326. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 5.12; comp. Curt. 8.13; Plut. Alex. 60 ; Diod. 17.87, &c.) This is perhaps the same Gorgias whose name occurs in Justin (12.12) among the veterans whom Alexander sent home under Craterus in B. C. 324; and, in that case, he must be distinguished from the Gorgias who is mentioned by Plutarch (Plut. Eum. 7) as one of the officers of Eumenes in his battle against Craterus and Neoptolemus in Cappadocia, in B. C. 321. [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
de Die Nat. 17.) His second consulship is assigned by Pighius (Annal. vol. i. p. 329) to the year B. C. 333, though not on sufficient grounds; the consuls of this year it is impossible to ascertain. He was, however, undoubtedly consul again in B. C. 326, with L. Papirius Mugillanus, and dictator thirteen years afterwards, B. C. 313, when he gained some advantages over the Samnites, though some annalists gave the credit of these victories to the consul C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus. (Liv. 8.23, 9.28; Diod. 17.113.) Libo was the proposer of the Poetelia lex, which abolished imprisonment for debt in the case of the nexi. (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Nexum.) Livy places (8.28) this law in the last consulship of Poetelius, B. C. 326; but Niebuhr thinks (Rom. Hist. vol. iii. pp. 155, &c., 293) it more probable that it was brought forward in his dictatorship; and his opinion, which receives support from a corrupt passage of Varro (L. L. 7.105, ed. Muller), is adopted also by K. O. Muller (ad Varr. l.c
Mugilla'nus 4. L. Papirius Mugillanus was consul in B. C. 326 (Liv. 8.23; Fasti). It is doubtful, however, whether for Mugillanus should not be read Cursor, as the surname of the consul. [W.B.D]
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