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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 328 BC or search for 328 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
is hands, and, after being cruelly mutilated by order of Alexander, was put to death. From the Oxus Alexander advanced as far as the Jaxartes (the Sir), which he crossed, and defeated several Scythian tribes north of that river. After founding a city Alexandria on the Jaxartes, he retraced his steps, recrossed the Oxus, and returned to Zariaspa or Bactra, where he spent the winter of 329. It was here that Alexander killed his friend Cleitus in a drunken revel. [Cleitus.] In the spring of B. C. 328, Alexander again crossed the Oxus to complete the subjugation of Sogdiana, but was not able to effect it in the year, and accordingly went into winter quarters at Nautaca, a place in the middle of the province. At the beginning of the following year, B. C. 327, he took a mountain fortress, in which Oxyartes, a Bactrian prince, had deposited his wife and daughters. The beauty of Roxana, one of the latter, captivated the conqueror, and he accordingly made her his wife. This marriage with one
Arima'zes (*)Arima/zhs) or ARIOMA'ZES (*)Arioma/zhs), a chief who had possession, in B. C. 328, of a very strong fortress in Sogdiana, usually called the Rock, which Droysen identifies with a place called Kohiten, situate near the pass of Kolugha or Derbend. Arimazes at first refused to surrender the place to Alexander, but afterwards yielded when some of the Macedonians had climbed to the summit. In this fortress Alexander found Roxana, the daughter of the Bactrian chief, Oxyartes, whom he made his wife. Curtius (7.11) relates, that Alexander crucified Arimazes and the leading men who were taken; but this is not mentioned by Arrian (4.19) or Polyaenus (4.3.29), and is improbable. (Comp. Strab. xi. p.517
can give only a short sketch. I. DYNASTY of HAÏG Founded by Haig, the son of Gathlas, who is said to have lived B. C. 2107. Fifty-nine kings belong to this dynasty, and among them Zarmair, who, according to the Armenian historians, assisted the Trojans at the siege of their city, where he commanded a body of Assyrians ; Dikran or Tigranes, a prince mentioned by Xenophon (Xen. Cyrop. 3.1, 5.1, 3, 8.3, 4) ; and Wahe, the last of his house, who fell in a battle with Alexander the Great in B. C. 328. The names of the fifty-nine kings, the duration of their reigns, and some other historical facts, mixed up with fabulous accounts, are given by the Armenian historians. II. SEVEN GOVERNORS Seven governors appointed by Alexander, and after his death by the Seleucidae, during the period from 328 to 149 B. C. III. DYNASTY OF THE ARSACIDAE From B. C. 149 to A. D. 428. See below. IV. PERSIAN GOVERNORS From A. D. 428 to 625. V. GREEK AND ARABIAN GOVERNORS from A. D. 632 to 855. VI
against the rebellious satraps of western Asia. Mentor availed himself of the opportunity to induce the king to grant pardon to Artabazus and Memnon, who accordingly obtained permission to return to Persia. (Diod. 16.22, 34, 52; Dem. c. Aristoer. p. 671, &c.) In the reign of Dareius Codomannus, Artabazus distinguished himself by his great fidelity and attachment to his sovereign. He took part in the battle of Arbela, and afterwards accompanied Dareius on his flight. After the death of the latter, Alexander rewarded Artabazus for his fidelity with the satrapy of Bactria. His daughter, Barsine, became by Alexander the mother of Heracles; a second daughter, Artocama, was given in marriage to Ptolemy; and a third, Artonis, to Eumenes. In B. C. 328, Artabazus, then a man of very advanced age, resigned his satrapy, which was given to Cleitus. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 3.23, 29, 7.4; Curtius, 3.13, 5.9, 12, 6.5, 7.3, 5, 8.1; Strab. xii. p.578; comp. Droysen, Gesch. Alex. des Gross. p. 497.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Asclepiodo'rus (search)
Asclepiodo'rus (*)Asklhpio/dwros). 1. A Macedonian, son of Timander, was one of the generals of Alexander the Great, and after the conquest of Syria was appointed by Alexander satrap of that country. In B. C. 328, he led reinforcements from Syria to Alexander in eastern Asia, and there became involved in the conspiracy which was formed by Hermolaus against the life of the king. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 4.13, Ind. 18; Curtius, 7.10, 8.6.) He seems to be the same as the one whom Antigonus, in B. C. 317, made satrap of Persia (Diod. 19.48); but he must be distinguished from an Asclepiodorus, a general of Cassander, mentioned by Diodorus. (xix 60
A'ttalus 2. Son of Andromenes the Stymphaean, and one of Alexander's officers, was accused with his brothers, Amyntas and Simmias, of having been engaged in the conspiracy of Philotas, B. C. 330, but was acquitted, together with his brothers. [AMYNTAS, No. 4.] In B. C. 328, Attalus was left with Polysperchon and other officers in Bactria with part of the troops, while the king himself marched against the Sogdians. (Arrian, 4.16.) He accompanied Alexander in his expedition into India, and was employed in several important duties. (Arrian, 4.27, 5.12.) In Alexander's last illness, B. C. 323, he was one of the seven chief officers who passed the night in the temple of Serapis at Babylon, in order to learn from the god whether Alexander should be carried into the temple. (Arrian, 7.26.) After the death of Alexander, Attalus joined Perdiecas, whose sister, Atalante, he had married. He accompanied his brother-in-law in his unfortunate campaign against Egypt in B. C. 321, and had the comm
Barba'tus the name of a family of the Horatia gens. Barbatus was also a surname of P. Cornelius Scipio, consul in B. C. 328 [SCIPIO], of the Quinctii Capitolini [CAPITOLINUS], and of M. Valerius Messalla, consul in B. C. 12. [MESSALLA.]
ever used, every rhetorical common-place he had ever uttered on the patriotism and glory of regicides, were raked up and made to tell against him. In another letter, written by Alexander to Antipater, subsequently to the one above-mentioned, and also quoted by Plutarch (l.c.) the king expresses his intention of " punishing the sophist and those who sent him out," the last words being, as Plutarch thinks, a clear allusion to Aristotle. The mode in which Callisthenes was put to death (about B. C. 328) is variously reported. Even the contemporary writers, Ptolemy and Aristobulus, differed on the point. Aristobulus recorded, that he was carried about in chains and died of disease; Ptolemy, that he was tortured and crucified. The former account, however, seems to agree with that of Chares of Mytilene, who was ei)saggeleu/s, or lord-in-waiting, to Alexander (see Philol. Mus. i. p. 373, &c.), and who related that he was kept in confinement with the intention of bringing him ultimately to tr
Chiarila'us (*Xari/laos), a Locrian, and a dramatic poet. Whether he wrote tragedies or comedies is uncertain, nor is anything further known of him than that plays of his were represented at Athens in B. C. 328. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. ii. p. 428, ed. Harles.) [E.
battle of Granicus, B. C. 334, cutting off with a blow of his sword the arm of Spithridates which was raised to slay the king. At the battle of Arbela, B. C. 331, he commanded, in the right wing, the body of cavalry called *)/Aghma (see Plb. 5.65, 31.3); and when, in B. C. 330, the guards (e(tai=roi) were separated into two divisions, it being considered expedient not to entrust the sole command to any one man, Hephaestion and Cleitus were appointed to lead respectively the two bodies. In B. C. 328, Artabazus resigned his satrapy of Bactria, and the king gave it to Cleitus. On the eve of the day on which he was to set out to take possession of his government, Alexander, then at Maracanda in Sogdiana, celebrated a festival in honour of the Dioscuri, though the day was in fact sacred to Dionysus--a circumstance which afterwards supplied his friends with a topic of consolation to him in his remorse for the murder of Cleitus, the soothsayers declaring, that his frenzy had been caused by
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