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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 10 10 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
cy of Pompey. He received in consequence the honour of a naval crown, which was first conferred upon him; though, according to other authorities, M. Varro was the first who obtained it from Pompey the Great. (Vell. 2.81; Liv. Epit. 129; D. C. 49.14; Plin. Nat. 16.3. s. 4; Verg. A. 8.684.) In B. C. 35, Agrippa had the command of the war in Illyria, and afterwards served under Octavianus, when the latter had proceeded to that country. On his return, he voluntarily accepted the aedileship in B. C. 33, although he had been consul, and expended immense sums of money upon great public works. He restored the Appian, Marcian, and Anienian aqueducts, constructed a new one, fifteen miles in length, from the Tepula to Rome, to which he gave the name of the Julian, in honour of Octavianus, and had an immense number of smaller water-works made, to distribute the water within the town. He also had the large cloaca of Tarquinius Priscus entirely cleansed. His various works were adorned with statues
make an expedition against Britain, but the news of fresh revolts in the countries from which he had just returned, altered his plan. His generals soon restored peace, but he himself went to Dalmatia, where Agrippa had the command. Several towns were taken, and neither life nor property was spared. Augustus penetrated as far as Setovia, where he was wounded in his knee. After his recovery, he gave the command to Statilius Taurus, and returned to Rome to undertake the consulship for the year B. C. 33, which he entered upon on the 1st of January together with L. Volcatius Tullus, and laid down on the same day, under the pretext of the Dalmatian war, though his presence there was no longer necessary, since Statilius Taurus had already completed the defeat of the Dalmatians. Out of the spoils made in this war Augustus erected a portico called, after his sister, Octavia. During this year, Agrippa was aedile, and did all he could to gain popularity for his friend Augustus and himself, and Au
Avi'ola 1. M';. ACILIUS AVIOLA, consul suffectus in B. C. 33, from the 1st of July, is probably the same Aviola who is said to have come to life again on the funeral pile, when it was supposed that he was dead, but to have been nevertheless burnt to death, because the flames could not be extinguished. (Plin. Nat. 7.52. s. 53; V. Max. 1.8.12.)
ded him with a portion of the dominions of Masinissa, the ally of Juba, which however was taken from him, after the death of Caesar, by Arabion, the son of Masinissa. There is a statement in Dio Cassius (43.36), that, in B. C. 45, Bocchus sent his sons to Spain to join Cn. Pompey. If this is true, it can only be accounted for by the supposition, that Bocchus was induced by jealousy of his brother Bogud to desert the cause of Caesar and join the enemy; for all we know of the two brothers shews that the good understanding between them had ceased. During the civil war between Antony and Octavianus, Bocchus sided with the latter, while Bogud was in alliance with Antony. When Bogud was in Spain, B. C. 38, Bocchus usurped the sole government of Mauretania, in which he was afterwards confirmed by Octavianus. He died about B. C. 33, whereupon his kingdom became a Roman province. (D. C. 41.42, 43.3, 36, 48.45, 49.43; Appian, App. BC 2.96, 4.54, 5.26; Hirt. B. Afr. 25; Strab. xvii. p.828.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ca'pito, Fonteius 3. C. Fonteius Capito, a friend of M. Antony, accompanied Maecenas, in B. C. 37, when he was sent by Octavianus to Antony to restore friendship between Octavianus and Antony. Capito remained with Antony, and was soon after sent by him to Egypt, to fetch Cleopatra to Syria. He is probably the same person as the C. Fonteius Capito who was appointed consul suffectus, in B. C. 33, together with M'. Acilius. There is a coin of his extant with the heads of Antony and Cleopatra, and on which Capito is called propraetor, and bears the praenomen Caius. (Horat. Sat. 1.5. 32; Plut. Ant. 36; Eckhel, Doctr. Num. v. p. 219.)
ginally from Tusculum (Cic. Font. 14), of which municipium it was one of the most distinguished families. The Fonteii were plebeian (Cic. pro Dom. 44), and bore the cognomens AGRIPPA, BALBUS (omitted under BALBUS, but given under FONTEIUS), and CAPITO. The cognomen Crassus (Frontin. Stratag. 1.5.12, 4.5.8) is an error of the MSS., since there were no Fonteii Crassi. The first member of this gens, whose name appears on the consular Fasti, is C. Fonteius Capito, one of the consuls suffecti in B. C. 33. [W.B.D] There are several coins of this gens; but Capito is the only cognomen which occurs upon them : those which have no cognomen upon them are given below. The obverse of the first represents a double-faced head, which is supposed by Vaillant and others to be the head of Janus, and to indicate that the race was descended from Fontus, who, we learn from Arnobius (ad v. Gentes, 3.29), was regarded as the son of Janus : but, as Janus is always represented in later times with a beard. Ec
uildings is sometimes termed Octaviae Opera. It contained a vast number of statues, paintings, and other valuable works of art, but they were all destroyed, together with the library, by the fire which cons sumed the building in the reign of Titus (D. C. 66.24). There is some doubt as to the time at which Augustus built the Porticus Octaviae. It is usually stated, on the authority of Dio Cassius (49.43), that the building was erected by Octavianuts, after the victory over the Dalmatians, in B. C. 33; hut this appears to be a mistake; for Vitruvius, who certainly did not write his work so early as this year, still speaks (3.2.5, ed. Schneider) of the Porticus Metelli, and we learn from Plutarch (Plut. Marc. 30) that the dedication at all events of the Porticus did not take place till after the death of M. Marcellus in B. C. 23. (Vell. 1.11; D. C. 49.43; Plut. l.c. ; Liv. Epit. 138; Suet. Aug. 29; Plin. Nat. 36.4. s. 5; Festus, p. 178, ed. Müller; Becker, Handbuch der Römischen Alterth
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Paetus, Autro'nius 2. P. Autronius Paetus, consul suffectus B. C. 33 in place of Augustus, who resigned his office immediately after entering upon it on the Kalends of January. (Fasti; Appian, App. Ill. 28; comp. D. C. 49.43; Suet. Aug. 26.)
Pasi'teles 2. A statuary, sculptor, and silver-chaser, of the highest distinction (in omnibas his summus, Plin. Nat. 35.12. s. 45), flourished at Rome, in the last years of the republic. He was a native of Magna Gr.iecia, and obtained the Itoman franchise, with his couitrymen, in B. C. 90, when he must have been very young, since he made statues for the temple of Juno, in the portico of Octavia, which was built out of the Dalmatic spoils, in B. C. 33; so that he must have flourished from about B. C. 60 to about B. C. 30 (Plin. H. N. xxxvi. .5. s. 4. §§ 10, 12). This agrees very well with Pliny's statement, in another place, that he flourished about the time of Pompey the Great (H. N. 33.12. s. 55). Pasiteles was evidently one of the most distinguished of the Greek artists who flourished it Rome during the period of the revival of art. It is recorded of him, by his contemporary Varro, that he never executed any work of which he had not previously made a complete model, and that he ca
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
vid and Propertius. The latter poet was already known to fame when it suited the political views, as well as the natural taste, of Maecenas to patronise him. Ovid, on the contrary, was then a mere boy; and his reputation would have been just bursting forth, when the faithful minister of Augustus was dismissed by his ungrateful master. An earlier, and perhaps more disinterested, patron of Properties was Tullus, the nephew, probably, of L. Volcatius Tullus, the fellow-consul of Octavianus, in B. C. 33. Tullus, however, seems to have been much of the same age as Propertius, as may be inferred from the conclusion of 3.22 ; and they may, therefore, be in some degree looked upon as sodales. It was probably in B. C. 32 or 31, that Propertius first became acquainted with his Cynthia. He had previously had an amour with a certain Lycinna, and to which we must assign the space of a year or two. This connection, however, was a merely sensual one, and was not, therefore, of a nature to draw out
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