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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 33 33 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 4 4 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 332 BC or search for 332 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ae'schylus of RHODES (search)
Ae'schylus of RHODES (*Ai)sxu/los), of RHODES, was appointed by Alexander the Great one of the inspectors of the governors of that country after its conquest in B. C. 332. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 3.5; comp. Curt. 4.8.) He is not spoken of again till B. C. 319, when he is mentioned as conveying in four ships six hundred talents of silver from Cilicia to Macedonia, which were detained at Ephesus by Antigonus, in order to pay his foreign mercenaries. (Diod. 18.52
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Alexander I. or Alexander of Epirus (search)
rt of Philip of Macedonia, and after the Grecian fashion became the object of his attachment. Philip in requital made him king of Epirus, after dethroning his cousin Aeacides. When Olympias was repudiated by her husband, she went to her brother, and endeavoured to induce him to make war on Philip. Philip, however, declined the contest, and formed a second alliance with him by giving him his daughter Cleopatra in marriage. (B. C. 336.) At the wedding Philip was assassinated by Pausanias. In B. C. 332, Alexander, at the request of the Tarentines, crossed over into Italy, to aid them against the Lucanians and Bruttii. After a victory over the Samnites and Lucanians near Paestum he made a treaty with the Romans. Success still followed his arms. He took Heraclea and Consentia from the Lucanians, and Terina and Sipontum from the Bruttii. But in B. C. 326, through the treachery of some Lucanian exiles, he was compelled to engage under unfavourable circumstances near Pandosia, on the banks of
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
m with the utmost delicacy and respect. The battle of Issus, which was fought towards the close of B. C. 333, decided the fate of the Persian empire; but Alexander judged it most prudent not to pursue Darius, but to subdue Phoenicia, which was especially formidable by its navy, and constantly threatened thereby to attack the coasts of Greece and Macedonia. Most of the cities of Phoenicia submitted as he approached; Tyre alone refused to surrender. This city was not taken till the middle of B. C. 332, after an obstinate defence of seven months, and was fearfully punished by the slaughter of 8000 Tyrians and the sale of 30,000 into slavery. Next followed the siege of Gaza, which again delayed Alexander two months, and afterwards, according to Josephus, he marched to Jerusalem, intending to punish the people for refusing to assist him, but he was diverted from his purpose by the appearance of the high priest, and pardoned the people. This story is not mentioned by Arrian, and rests on qu
Amphion 2. A Greek painter, was contemporary with Apelles (B. C. 332), who yielded to him in arrangement or grouping (cedcbat Amphioni dispositione, Plin. Nat. 25.36.10 : but the reading Amphioni is doubtful : Melaunthio is Brotier's conjecture ; MELANTHIUS). [P.S]
Amphis (*)/Amfis), an Athenian comic poet, of the middle comedy, contemporary with the philosopher Plato. A reference to Phriyne, the Thespian, in one of his plays (Athen. 13.591d.), proves that he was alive in B. C. 332. We have the titles of twenty-six of his plays, and a few fragments of them. (Suidas, s.v. Pollux, 1.233 ; D. L. 3.27; Athen. 13.567f.; Meineke, i. p. 403, iii. p. 301.) [P.
Andro'machus 3. The commander of the Cyprian fleet at the siege of Tyre by Alexander, B. C. 332. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 2.20.) He may have been the same Andromachus who was shortly afterwards appointed governor of Coele-Syria, and was burnt to death by the Samaritans. (Curt. 4.5, 8.)
es of his rivals to disgrace him. The account of his life cannot be carried further; we are not told when or where he died; but from the above facts his date can be fixed, since he practised his art before the death of Philip (B. C. 336), and after the assumption of the regal title by Ptolemy. (B. C. 306.) As the result of a minute examination of all the facts, Tölken (Amalth. iii. pp. 117-119) places him between 352 and 308 B. C. According to Pliny, he flonrished about the 112th Olympiad, B. C. 332. Many anecdotes are preserved of Apelles and his contemporaries, which throw an interesting light both on his personal and his professional character. He was ready to acknowledge that in some points he was excelled by other artists, as by Amphion in grouping and by Asclepiadorus in perspective. (Plin. Nat. 35.36.10.) He first caused the merits of Protogenes to be understood. Coming to Rhodes, and finding that the works of Protogenes were scarcely valued at all by his country-men, he offe
Aristoni'cus (*)Aristo/nikos). 1. A tyrant of Methymnae in Lesbos. In B. C. 332, when the navarchs of Alexander the Great had already taken possession of the harbour of Chios, Aristonicus arrived during the night with some privateer ships, and entered it under the belief that it was still in the hands of the Persians. He was taken prisoner and delivered up to the Methymnaeans, who put him to death in a cruel manner. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 3.2; Curtius, 4.4
Azemilcus (*)Asze/milkos), king of Tyre, was serving in the Persian fleet under Autophradates at the time when Alexander arrived at Tyre, B. C. 332. He was in the city when it was taken, but his life was spared by Alexander. (Arrian, 2.15, 24
Callippus 2. Of Athens, took part in the Olympic games in B. C. 332. He bribed his competitors in the pentathlon to allow him to conquer and win the prize. But the fraud became known, and the Eleans condemned both Callippus and his competitors to pay a heavy fine. The Athenians, who considered the affair as a national one, sent Hyperides to petition the Eleans to desist from their demand. When the request was refused, the Athenians neither paid the fine nor did they frequent the Olympic games any longer, until at last the Delphic god declared that he would not give any oracle to the Athenians, unless they satisfied the demand of the Eleans. The fine was now paid, and the money was spent in erecting six statues to Zeus, with inscriptions by no means flattering to the Athenians. (Paus. 5.21.3, &c.)
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