1. A Macedonian of Pella, one of Alexander's most distinguished officers. His father's name is variously given, as Anteas, Anthes, Onasus, and Eunus. (Arrian. Anab. 3.5.7, 6.28.6, ind. 18, ap. Phot. p. 69a, ed. Bekker).
According to Curtius he was descended from a royal house (Curt. 10.7), which may be the reason we find hint early occupying a distinguished post about the person of Philip of Macedon; at the time of whose death (B. C. 336) he was one of the select officers called the king's body guards (swmatofu/lakes).
In this capacity he is mentioned as one of those who avenged the death of Philip upon his assassin Pausanias. (Diod. 16.94.) Though he accompanied Alexander on his expedition to Asia, he did not at first hold an equally distinguished position in the service of the young king: he was only an officer of the ordinary guards (e(tai=roi) when he was sent by Alexander after the battle of Issus to announce to the wife of Dareius the tidings of her
1. a Syracusan physician at the court of Philip, king of Macedon, B. C. 359-336.
He seems to have been a successful practitioner, but to have made himself ridiculous by calling himself "Jupiter," and assuming divine honours. (Suid. s. v. *Menekra/ths.)
He once wrote a letter to Philip, beginning *Menekra/ths *Zeu\ss *Fili/ppw| *Xai/rein, to which the king wrote back an answer in these words, *Fi/lippos *Menekra/tei u(giai/nein. * According to Plutarch, it was Agesilaus from whom he got this answer to his letter. (Vita Ages. 21, vol. vi. p. 29, ed. Tauchn.; Apophthegm. Reg. et Imper. vol. ii. p. 52, Apophthegm. Lacon. vol. ii. p. 109.) (Athen. 7.289; Ael. VH 12.51.)
He was invited one day by Philip to a magnificent entertainment, where the other guests were sumptuously fed, while he himself had nothing but incense and libations, as not being subject to the human infirmity of hunger.
He was at first pleased with his reception, but afterwards, perceiving th