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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
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Plato, Letters 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
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Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book 2, section 993b (search)
:just as it is with bats' eyes in respect of daylight, so it is with our mental intelligence in respect of those things which are by nature most obvious.It is only fair to be grateful not only to those whose views we can share but also to those who have expressed rather superficial opinions. They too have contributed something; by their preliminary work they have formed our mental experience.If there had been no Timotheus,Of Miletus, 446 (?)—357 B.C. we should not possess much of our music; and if there had been no Phrynis,Of Mytilene; he is referred to as still alive in Aristoph. Cl. 971. Both Phrynis and Timotheus are criticized in the fragment of Pherecrates Chirontranslated by Rogers in the appendix to his ed. of the Clouds. there would have been no Timotheus. It is just the same in the case of those who have theorized about reality: we have derived certain views from some of
Dinarchus, Against Demosthenes, section 44 (search)
Did he get nothing for proposing that TaurosthenesDinarchus, like Aeschines, is distorting the facts. (Cf. Aeschin. 3 85 sq. and schol. ad loc.). The cities of Euboea had entered the Athenian alliance in 357 B.C., but in 348 they revolted, probably owing to the intrigues of Philip with whom Athens was now at war over Olynthus. Taurosthenes and Callias commanded the army of Chalcis and the Athenians lost control of the island. In 343 however they transferred the allegiance of Chalcis to Athens, and a few years later-the exact date is not certain-were made Athenian citizens on the motion of Demosthenes (cf. Hyp. 5 col. 20), whom Aeschines says they bribed. should become an Athenian, though he had enslav
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 70 (search)
elected as consuls Aulus Verginius and Titus Minucius,Titus Numicius Priscus, according to Livy 2.63. and the Seventy-ninth Olympiad was celebrated, that in which Xenophon of CorinthA victory celebrated by Pind. O. 13. won the "stadion." In this year the Thasians revolted from the Athenians because of a quarrel over minesThose of Mt. Pangaeus (now Pirnari) on the mainland, which yielded both gold and silver. The seizure of these mines by Philip of Macedon in 357 B.C., from which he derived in time an income of 1000 talents a year, laid the financial basis for the rise of Macedonia to supreme power in Greece.; but they were forced to capitulate by the Athenians and compelled to subject themselves again to their rule. Similarly also, when the Aeginetans revolted, the Athenians, intending to reduce them to subjection, undertook the siege of Aegina; for this state, being often successful in its engagements at sea, was puffed up
Isaeus, Apollodorus, section 38 (search)
His father not only performed all the other state services but also acted continuously as a trierarch, not contributing jointly with several others,The system under which several citizens could jointly contribute to provide a trireme for the service of the state appears to have come into force about 357 B.C.; see Introduction. as is the practice nowadays, but bearing the expenses out of his own fortune, and not jointly with one other but by himself alone; nor did he intermit his duties for two yearsi.e., he did not avail himself of the period of exemption allowed by law. but served continuously, not performing his duties in a perfunctory manner but providing the most perfect equipment. Wherefore, mindful of these services you honored him and saved his son when he was being robbed of his fortune, forcing those who were in possession of his property to restore it.
Isocrates, Antidosis (ed. George Norlin), section 129 (search)
after having captured so many cities and having never lost a single one, was tried for treason, and again when he submitted his reports, and Iphicrates took upon himself the responsibility for the conduct of the campaign and Menestheus accounted for the moneys expended upon it, they, on the one hand, were acquitted, while Timotheus was fined a larger sum than anyone in the past had ever been condemned to pay.In the campaign against Byzantium, which was aided by the Chians and their allies (357 B.C.), a conflict arose between Chares and the other commanders of the Athenian fleet, Timotheus, Iphicrates, and Menestheus, Iphicrates' son. Chares persisted in carrying out a plan of attack which had been agreed upon but which the others abandoned on account of a storm. Unsupported in this, he was defeated. Returning to Athens, he then charged his colleagues with treason and corruption. In the trial Iphicrates shouldered the responsibility for the campaign, and Menestheus gave a full acco
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 29 (search)
s Athenians, whether they lived before him or after him. The greater number of his achievements I shall pass by, but the following facts will suffice to bear out my assertion. He put down what is known as the tyranny of the Thirty403 B.C., setting out from Thebes with a force amounting at first to sixty men; he also persuaded the Athenians, who were torn by factions, to be reconciled, and to abide by their compact. His is the first grave, and after it come those of Pericles, ChabriasDied 357 B.C. and Phormio.A famous Athenian admiral who fought well in the early part of the Peloponnesian War. There is also a monument for all the Athenians whose fate it has been to fall in battle, whether at sea or on land, except such of them as fought at Marathon. These, for their valor, have their graves on the field of battle, but the others lie along the road to the Academy, and on their graves stand slabs bearing the name and parish of each. First were buried those who in Thrace, after a vict
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Phocis and Ozolian Locri, chapter 2 (search)
e to them, and that if Thebes or any other state made war against them, they would have the better owing to their courage and resources. When Philomelus put all this before them, the Phocians were nothing loath, either because their judgment was blinded by heaven, or because their nature was to put gain before religion. The seizure of Delphi by the Phocians occurred when Heracleides was president at Delphi and Agathocles archon at Athens, in the fourth year of the hundred and fifth Olympiad,357 B.C when Prorus of Cyrene was victorious in the foot-race. When they had seized the sanctuary, the best mercenaries in Greece at once mustered to join them, while the Thebans, at variance before, declared open war against them. The war lasted ten successive years, and during this long time victory often fell to the Phocians and their mercenaries, and often the Thebans proved the better. An engagement took place at the town of Neon, in which the Phocians were worsted, and in the rout Philomelus
Plato, Letters, Letter 4 (search)
Plato to Dion of Syracuse wishes well-doing.It has been plain, I believe, all along that I took a keen interest in the operationsThis refers to Dion's military operations in Sicily in 357 B.C., and perhaps later. that have been carried out, and that I was most anxious to see them finally completed. In this I was mainly prompted by my jealous regard for what is nobleThe reference is to Dion's plans for the political reformation of Sicily; for I esteem it just that those who are truly virtuous, and who act accordingly, should achieve the reputation they deserve. Now for the present (God willing) affairs are going well; but it is in the future that the chief struggle lies. For while it might be thought that excellence in courage and speed and strength might belong to various other men, everyone would agree that surpassing excellence in truth, justice, generosity and the outward exhibition of all these virtues naturally belongs to those who profess to hold them in honor.Now the poin
Plato, Letters, Letter 7 (search)
ather had contracted to pay tribute to the barbarians.Such was the advice and exhortation given to Dionysius by us, who were plotting against him, as statements pouring in from many quarters alleged; which statements in fact so prevailed with Dionysius that they caused Dion's expulsion and threw us into a state of alarm. Then—to cut a long story short—Dion came from the Peloponnesus and from Athens and admonished Dionysius by deed.i.e. by a military campaign (“deed” as opposed to “word”) in 357 B.C. When, however, Dion had delivered the Syracusans and given them back their city twice, they showed the same feeling towards him as Dionysius had done. For when Dion was trying to train and rear him up to be a king worthy of the throne, that so he might share with him in all his life, Dionysius listened to the slanderers who said that Dion was plotting against the tyranny in all that he was then doing, his scheme being that Dionysius, with his mind infatuated with education, should
Strabo, Geography, Book 6, chapter 1 (search)
arantini in Strabo's next paragraph. And at Zephyrium there is a spring, called Locria, where the Locri first pitched camp. The distance from Rhegium to Locri is six hundred stadia. The city is situated on the brow of a hill called Epopis. The Locri Epizephyrii are believed to have been the first people to use written laws. After they had lived under good laws for a very long time, Dionysius, on being banished from the country of the Syracusans,Dionysius the Younger was banished thence in 357 B.C. abused them most lawlessly of all men. For he would sneak into the bed-chambers of the girls after they had been dressed up for their wedding, and lie with them before their marriage; and he would gather together the girls who were ripe for marriage, let loose doves with cropped wings upon them in the midst of the banquets, and then bid the girls waltz around unclad, and also bid some of them, shod with sandals that were not mates (one high and the other low), chase the doves around—al
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