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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 51-61 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 372 BC or search for 372 BC in all documents.

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Bryaxis (*Bru/acis), an Athenian statuary in stone and metal, cast a bronze statue of Seleucus. king of Syria (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19), and, together with Scopas, Timotheus, and Leochares, adorned the Mausoleum with bas-reliefs. (Plin. Nat. 36.5. s. 4.) He must have lived accordingly B. C. 372-312. (Sillig. Catal. Art. s. v.) Besides the two works above mentioned, Bryaxis executed five colossal statues at Rhodes (Plin. Nat. 34.7. s. 18), an Asclepios (H. N. 34.8. s. 19), a Liber, father of Cnidus (H. N. 36.5), and a statue of Pasiphae. (Tatian. ad Graec. 54.) If we believe Clemens Alexandrinus (Protr. p. 30c.), Bryaxis attained so high a degree of perfection, that two statues of his were ascribed by some to Phidias. [W.I
Cephiso'dotus 1. A celebrated Athenian sculptor, whose sister was the first wife of Phocion. (Plut. Phoc. 19.) He is assigned by Pliny (34.8. s. 19.1) to the 102nd Olympiad (B. C. 372), an epoch chosen probably by his authorities because the general peace recommended by the Persian king was then adopted by all the Greek states except Thebes, which began to aspire to the first station in Greece. (Heyne, Antiq. Aufs. i. p. 208.) Cephisodotus belonged to that younger school of Attic artists, who had abandoned the stern and majestic beauty of Phidias and adopted a more animated and graceful style. It is difficult to distinguish him from a younger Cephisodotus, whom Sillig (p. 144), without the slightest reason, considers to have been more celebrated. But some works are expressly ascribed to the elder, others are probably his, and all prove him to have been a worthy contemporary of Praxiteles. Most of his works which are known to us were occasioned by public events, or at least dedicated
Da'mophon (damofw=n), a sculptor of Messene, was the only Messenian artist of any note. (Paus. 4.31.8.) His time is doubtful. Heyne and Winckelmann place him a little later than Phidias; Quatremère de Quincy from B. C. 340 to B. C. 300. Sillig (Catal. Art. s. v. Demophon) argues, from the fact that he adorned Messene and Megalopolis with his chief works, that he lived about the time when Messene was restored and Megalopolis was built. (B. C. 372-370.) Pausanias mentions the following works of Damophon: At Aegius in Achaia, a statue of Lucina, of wood, except the face, hands, and toes, which were of Pentelic marble, and were, no doubt, the only parts uncovered: also, statues of Hygeia and Asclepius in the shrine of Eileithyia and Asclepius, bearing the artist's name in an iambic line on the base: at Messene, a statue of the Mother of the Gods, in Parian marble, one of Artemis Laphria, and several marble statues in the temple of Asclepius: at Megalopolis, wooden statues of Hermes and A
Hypatodo'rus (*(Upato/dwros), a statuary of Thebes (Böekh, Corp. Inscript. No. 25), who flourished, with Polycles I., Cephisodotus I., and Leochares, in the 102d Olympiad, B. C. 372. (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19.) He made, with Aristogeiton, the statues of the Argive chieftains who fought with Polyneices against Thebes. (Paus. 10.10.2; comp. ARISTOGEITON.) He also made the great statue of Athena at Aliphera in Arcadia (Paus. 8.26.4), which is also mentioned by Polybius (4.78.5), who calls it the work of Hecatodorus and Sostratus, and describes it as tw=n megalomepesta/twn kai\ texnikwta/twn e)/pgwn. onyx has been found at Aliphera engraved with an Athena, which Müller thinks may have been taken after this statue. (Archäol. d. Kunst, § 370, n. 4.)
Leo'chares (*Lewxa/rhs). 1. An Athenian statuary and sculptor, was one of the great artists of the later Athenian school, at the head of which were Scopas and Praxiteles. He is placed by Pliny (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19) with Polycles I., Cephisodotus I., and Hypatodorus, at the 102d Olympiad (B. C. 372). We have several other indications of his time. From the end of the 106th Olympiad (B. C. 352) and onwards he was employed upon the tomb of Mausolus (Plin. Nat. 36.5. s. 4.9; Vitruv. vii. Praef. § 13: SATYRUS); and he was one of the artists employed by Philip to celebrate his victory at Chaeroneia, Ol. 110, 3, B. C. 338. The statement, that he made a statue of Autolycus, who conquered in the boys' pancration at the Panathenaea in Ol. 89 or 90, and whose victory was the occasion of the Symposion of Xenophon (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19.17; comp. Schneider, Quaest. de Conviv. Xenoph.), seems at first sight to be inconsistent with the other dates; but the obvious explanation is, that the stat
the Athenians. The date of the second edition of the Plutus was B. C. 388. Taking, then, this date as about the commencement of the career of Pamphilus, we must, on the other hand, place him as low as B. C. 352, when his disciple Apelles began to flourish. And these dates agree with all the other indications of his time. Thus, he is mentioned by Quintilian (l.c.) among the artists who flourished in the period commencing with the reign of Philip II.; Pliny places him immediately before Echion and Therimachus, who flourished in the 107th Olympiad, B. C. 352; and the battle of Phlius, which he painted, must have been fought between Ol. 102 and 104, B. C. 372 and 364 (Müller, Proleg. zu Mythol. p. 400). What victory of the Athenians formed the subject of the other picture mentioned by Pliny, is not known: it may be the naval victory of Chabrias, at Naxos, in B. C. 376. Among the pupils of Pamphilus, besides Apelles and Melanthius, was Pausias, whom he instructed in encaustic painting
y statements connected with the circumstances of Timotheus at this period, which we must of course regard with suspicion; but we learn from it certainly that he was now reduced to great pecuniary embarrassments, having probably expended his money in the public service, and was even compelled to borrow from Pasion wherewithal to receive his distinguished guests above mentioned (Xen. Hell. 6.2. §§ 11-13; Diod. 15.47; Dem. c. Tim. pp. 1186-1192, &c.; Corn. Nep. Tim. 4). In the following year (B. C. 372) he entered into the service of Artaxerxes II., king of Persia, find went to command against Nectanabis I. in Egypt ; but of his operations in this quarter we have no record (Dem. c. Tim. pp. 1191, 1192, 1195). It appears to have been about B. C. 367 that he was sent by the Athenians to aid ARIOBARZANES, with an injunction, however, not to abet him in any enterprise against the king, his master; and accordingly, when he found that he was in open revolt from Artaxerxes, he refused to give h