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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Metaphysics 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 380 BC or search for 380 BC in all documents.

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Anti'phanes (*)Antifa/nhs), of ARGOS, a sculptor, the disciple of Pericleitus, and teacher of Cleon. Since Cleon flourished B. C. 380, Antiphanes may be placed at 400 B. C. Pausanias mentions several of his works, which were at Delphi, especially a horse in bronze. (Paus. 5.17, 10.9.) [P.
d the Cydathenaean Demus, and is said to have been the pupil of Prodicus, though this is improbable, since he speaks of him rather with contempt. (Nub. 360, Av. 692, Tagenist. Fragm. xviii. Bekk.) We are told (Schol. ad Ran. 502), that he first engaged in the comic contests when he was sxe/don meira/kiskos, and we know that the date of his first comedy was B. C. 427 : we are therefore warranted in assigning about B. C. 444 as the date of his birth, and his death was probably not later than B. C. 380. His three sons, Philippus, Araros, and Nicostratus, were all poets of the middle comedy. Of his private history we know nothing but that he was a lover of pleasure (Plat. Symp. particularly p. 223), and one who spent whole nights in drinking and witty conversation. Accusations (his anonymous biographer says, more than one) were brought against him by Cleon, with a view to deprive him of his civic rights (ceni/as grafai/), but without success, as indeed they were merely the fruit of reveng
Atrati'nus a family-name of the Sempronia gens. The Atratini were patricians, and were distinguished in the early history of the republic ; but after the year B. C. 380, no member of the family is mentioned till B. C. 34.
Atrati'nus 6. A. Sempronius Atratinus, master of the horse to the dictator, T. Quinctius Cincinnatus, B. C. 380. (Liv. 6.28.)
have come down to us, seem to have perished at an early time. The younger Carcinus was a con either of Theodectes or of Xenoeles: and if the latter statement be true, he is a grandson of Carcinus the elder. (Comp. Harpocrat. s. v. *Karki/nos.) He is in all probability the same as the one who spent a great part of his life at the court of Dionysius II. at Syracuse. (D. L. 2.7.) This supposition agrees with the statement of Suidas, according to whom Carcinus the son of Xenocles lived about B. C. 380; for Dionysius was expelled from Syracuse in B. C. 356. (Comp. Diod. 5.5, where Wesseling is thinking of the fictitious Carcinus of Agrigentum.) The tragedies which are referred to by the ancients under the name of Carcinus, probably all belong to the younger Carcinus. Suidas attributes to him 160 tragedies, but we possess the titles and fragments of nine only and some fragments of uncertain dramas. The following titles are known: Alope (Aristot. EN 7.7), Achilles (Athen. 5.189), Thyestes
by the comic poets, Eubulus (Athen. 2.43c.) and Ephippus, of whom the latter, at least, seems to speak of him as of a contemporary. (Athen. 11.482b.) Aristotle frequently mentions him in a manner which, in the opinion of some critics, implies that Chaeremon was alive. (Rhet. 2.23, 24, 3.12; Problem. 3.16; Poet. 1.9, 24.6.) The writers also who call him a comic poet (see below) assign him to the middle comedy For these and other reasons, the time when Chaeremon flourished may be fixed about B. C. 380. Nothing is known of his life. It may be assumed that he lived at Athens, and the fragments of his poetry which remain afford abundant proofs, that he was trained in the loose morality which marked Athenian society at that period, and that his taste was formed after the model of that debased and florid poetry which Euripides first introduced by his innovations on the drama of Aeschylus and Sophocles, and which was carried to its height by the dithyrambic poets of the age. Accordingly, the
Cursor 2. Sp. Papirius Cursor, a son of the former, was military tribune in B. C. 380. (Liv. 6.27.)
Damo'critus (*Damo/kritos, *Dhmo/kritos), or DEMO'CRITUS. 1. A statuary, born at Sicyon, was a pupil of Pison, the pupil of Amphion, the pupil of Ptolichus, the pupil of Critias of Athens. He probably flourished, therefore, about the 100th Olympiad. (B. C. 380.) There was at Olympia a statue by him of Hippus (or Hippon), an Eleian, who was victor in boxing among the boys. (Paus. 6.3.2.) Pliny mentions a Democritus, who made statues of philosophers. (34.8. s. 19.28
eed (7.29) speaks of him as ne/wn tis kwmikw=n, but the terms "middle" and "new," as Clinton remarks (F. H. vol. ii. p. xlix.), are not always very carefully applied. (See Arist. Eth. Nic. 4.8.6.) Epigenes himself, in a fragment of his play called *Mnhma/tion (apud Ath. xi. p. 472f.) speaks of Pixodarus, prince of Caria, as "the king's son"; and from this Meineke argues (Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. p. 354), that the comedy in question musth ave been written while Hecatomnus, the father of Pixodarus, was yet alive, and perhaps about B. C. 380. We find besides in Athenaeus (ix. p. 409d.), that there was a doubt among the ancients whether the play called *)Arguri/on a)fanismo/s should be assigned to Epigenes or Antiphanes. These poets therefore must have been contemporaries. [See vol. i. p. 204b.] The fragments of the comedies of Epigenes have been collected by Meineke (vol. iii. p. 537 ; comp. Poll. 7.29; Ath. iii. p. 75c., ix. p. 384a., xi. pp. 469, c., 474, a;, 480, a., 486, c., 502, e.).
Fide'nas 4. C. Sergius Fidenas, consular tribune three times, first in B. C. 387 (Liv. 6.5), a second time in B. C. 385 (Liv. 6.11), and a third time in B. C. 380. (Liv. 6.27.)
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