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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 20 20 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 4 4 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
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Dinarchus, Against Demosthenes, section 38 (search)
18.219). Cf. Din. 1.76. Of the other three men little is known. Thrason is mentioned as a Theban proxenus by Aeschines (Aeschin. 3.139); Eleus is perhaps the trierarch (c. 323) whose name appears in an inscription (I.G. 2.812, b. 14); Phormisius is a mere name. Cf. Aristot. Const. Ath. 34.3. Some of them, when the Cadmea was garrisoned by Spartans, assisted the exiles who returned to Thebes and at their own risk set free a neighboring city, long enslaved.In 382 B.C. Thebes was betrayed to Sparta and many leading men were exiled. These took refuge at Athens, with whose help in 378 they soon overthrew the new government and ejected the Spartan garrison from the city (Dio. Sic. 15.25).
Isocrates, Panegyricus (ed. George Norlin), section 126 (search)
they sacked and razed the city of Mantinea,In 383 B.C. Cf. Isoc. 8.100; Xen. Hell. 5.2.7. after peace had been concluded; they seized the CadmeaIn the same year. See Xen. Hell. 5.2.25. The Cadmea was the citidel of Thebes. in Thebes; and nowThis helps in dating the Panegyricus. they are laying siege to Olynthus and Phlius:The siege of Olynthus was begun in 382 B.C. See Xen. Hell. 5.2.11. The siege of Phlius was begun in 380 B.C. See Xen. Hell. 5.2.8. on the other hand, they are assisting Amyntas, king of the Macedonians,Amyntas, the father of Philip, was aided by the Spartans against Olynthus 383 B.C. See Isoc. 6.46 and Isoc. 5.106. and Dionysius,For the sympathy between Sparta and Dionysius see Isoc. 8.99, Isoc. 6.63. the tyrant of Sicily, and the barbarian king who rules over Asia,By the Peace of Antalcidas. to extend their dominions far and wide.
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 2 (search)
ve the Lacedaemonians their support in even more than was demanded of them. After these things had been accomplished, the382 B.C. Lacedaemonians with much more spirit set about dispatching the joint army to Olynthus. They sent out Teleutias as governhes to the various allied states, directing them to follow Teleutias in accordance with the resolution of the allies. And382 B.C. all the states gave their hearty support to Teleutias, — for he was regarded as a man not ungrateful to those who perforrom the city not so much as ten stadia, he halted the army, himself occupying the left wing, — for in this way it fell to382 B.C. him to advance in the direction of the gate where the enemy issued forth, — while the rest of the phalanx, made up of thecause the wall was near. And when a trophy had been set up and this victory had fallen to Teleutias, then as he withdrew382 B.C. he proceeded to cut down the trees. Now after continuing the campaign through this summer he dismissed both the Macedoni<
Polybius, Histories, book 4, Disingenuous Policy of the Spartans (search)
h a public policy. To pass a decree against going to war,See ch. 15. and yet to go on an actual expedition in force and pillage their neighbours' territories: not to punish one of those responsible for this: but on the contrary to elect as Strategi and bestow honours on the leaders in these transactions,—this seems to me to involve the grossest disingenuousness. I can find no word which better describes such a treacherous policy; and I will quote two instances to show what I mean by it. B. C. 382. When Phoebidas treacherously seized the Cadmeia, the Lacedaemonians fined the guilty general but declined to withdraw the garrison, on the ground that the wrong was fully atoned for by the punishment of the perpetrator of it: though their plain duty was to have done the reverse, for it was the latter which was of importance to the Thebans. B. C. 387. Again this same people published a proclamation giving the various cities freedom and autonomy in accordance with the terms of the peace of Ant
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nts, being made of unbaked bricks, were unable to resist the action of the water. The walls soon began to totter, and the Mantineans were forced to surrender. They were admitted to terms on condition that the population should be dispersed among the four hamlets, out of which it had been collected to form the capital. The democratical leaders were permitted to go into exile. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.1-7; Paus. 8.8.5; Diod. 15.5, &c.; Plut. Pel. 4; Isocr. Paneg. p. 67a, De Pace, p. 179c.) Early in B. C. 382, an embassy came to Sparta from the cities of Acanthus and Apollonia, requesting assistance against the Olynthians, who were endeavouring to compel them to join their confederacy. The Spartans granted it, but were not at first very successful. After the defeat and death of Teleutias in the second campaign (B. C. 381) Agesipolis took the command. He set out in 381, but did not begin operations till the spring of 380. He then acted with great vigour, and took Torone by storm; but in the mid
ressed by Argaeus and the Illyrians, he had griven up to the Olynthians a large tract of territory bordering upon their ownn,--despairing, as it would seen, of a restoration to the throne, and willing to cede the land in question to Olynthus rather than to his rival. (Diod. 14.92, 15.19.) On his return he claimed back what he professed to have entrusted to them as a deposit, and as they refused to restore it, he applied to Sparta for aid. (Diod. 15.19.) A similar application was also made,B. C. 382, by the towns of Acanthus and Apollonia, which had been threatened by Olynthus for declining to join her confederacy. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.11, &c.) With the consent of the allies of Sparta, the required succour was given, under the command successively of Eudamidas (with whom his brother Phoebidas was associated), Teleutias, Agesipolis, and Polybiades, by the last of whom Olynthus was reduced, B. C. 379. (Diod. 15.19-23; Xen. Hell. 5.2, 3.) Throughout the war, the Spartans were vigorously secon
Androcleides (*)Androklei/dhs), a Theban, who was bribed by Timocrates, the emissary of Tissaphernes in B. C. 395, in order to induce the Thebans to make war upon the Spartans, and thus bring back Agesilaus from Asia. (Xen. Hell. 3.5.1; Plut. Lys. 27; Paus. 3.9.4.) Androcleides is mentioned in B. C. 382 as one of the leaders of the party opposed to Phoebidas, who had seized the citadel. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.31
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'gonus the One-eyed (search)
Anti'gonus the One-eyed (*)Anti/gonos), king of ASIA, surnamed the One-eyed (Lucian, Macrob. 11; Plut. de Pueror. Educ. 14), was the son of Philip of Elymiotis. He was born about B. C. 382, and was one of the generals of Alexander the Great, and in the division of the empire after his death (B. C. 323), he received the provinces of the Greater Phrygia, Lycia, and Pamphylia. Perdiccas, who had been appointed regent, had formed the plan of obtaining the sovereignty of the whole of Alexander's dominions, and therefore resolved upon the ruin of Antigonus, who was likely to stand in the way of his ambitious projects. Perceiving the danger which threatened him, Antigonus fled with his son Demetrius to Antipater in Macedonia (321); but the death of Perdiccas in Egypt in the same year put an end to the apprehensions of Antigonus. Antipater was now declared regent; he restored to Antigonus his former provinces with the addition of Susiana, and gave him the commission of carrying on the war ag
Cameri'nus 7. C. Sulpicius Camerinus, consular tribune in B. C. 382, and censor in 380 with Sp. Postumius Regillensis Albinus. But no census was taken in this year, as Camerinus resigned his office on the death of his colleague. (Liv. 6.22; Diod. 15.41; Liv. 6.27.)
Clei'genes (*Kleige/nhs). 1. A citizen of Acanthus, sent as ambassador to Sparta, B. C. 382, to obtain her assistance for Acanthus and the other Chalcidian towns against the Olynthians. Xenophon records a speech of his, delivered on this occasion, in which he dwells much on the ambition of Olynthus and her growing power. His application for aid was successful. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.11, &c.; Diod. 15.19, &c.; comp. p. 155a
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