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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 27 27 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
Q. Horatius Flaccus (Horace), The Works of Horace (ed. C. Smart, Theodore Alois Buckley) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 39 BC or search for 39 BC in all documents.

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Anto'nia 5. The elder of the two daughters of M. Antonius by Octavia, the sister of Augustus, was born B. C. 39, and was married to L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Cos.. B. C. 16. Her son by this marriage, Cn. Domitius, was the father of the emperor Nero. [See the Stemma, p. 84.] According to Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 4.44, 12.64), this Antonia was the younger daughter; but we have followed Suetonius (Suet. Nero 5) and Plutarch (Plut. Ant. 87) in calling her the elder. (Compare D. C. 51.15.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Orodes I. (search)
and defeated Saxa, Antony's quaestor. Labienus penetrated into Cilicia, where he took Saxa prisoner and put him to death; and while he was engaged with a portion of the army in subduing Asia Minor, Pacorus was prosecuting conquests with the other part in Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine. These successes at length roused Antony from his inactivity. He sent against the Parthians Ventidius, the ablest of his legates, who soon changed the face of affairs. He defeated Labienus at Mount Taurus in B. C. 39, and put him to death when he fell into his hands shortly after the battle. By this victory he recovered Cilicia; and by the defeat shortly afterwards of Pharnapates, one of the Parthian generals, he also regained Syria. (D. C. 48.24-41; Veil. Pat. 2.78; Liv. Epit. 127; Flor. 4.9; Plut. Ant. 100.33; Appian, App. BC 5.65.) In the following year, B. C. 38, Pacorus again invaded Syria with a still larger army, but was completely defeated in the district called Cyrrhestice. Pacorus himself fell
Pompeius, who had had no share in these transactions, continued to cut off the provisions of Rome, which was suffering greatly from scarcity : scenes of violence and outrage at Rome shewed the exasperation of the people. Augustus could not hope to satisfy the Romans unless their most urgent wants were satisfied by sufficient supplies of food, and this could not be effected in any other way but by a reconciliation with Pompeius. Augustus had an interview with him on the coast of Misenum, in B. C. 39, at which Pompeius received the proconsulship and the islands of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica, together with the province of Achaia. In return for these concessions he was to provide Italy with corn. In order to convince the Romans of the sincerity of his intentions, Augustus betrothed M. Marcellus, the son of Octavia and stepson of Antony, who was present on this occasion, to a daughter of Pompeius. Peace seemed now to be restored everywhere. Antony returned to the East, where his gener
Balbi'nus was proscribed by the triumvirs in B. C. 43, but restored with Sex. Pompeius in B. C. 39, and subsequently advanced to the consulship. (Appian, 4.50.) No other author but Appian, and none of the Fasti, mention a consul of this name; but as we learn from Appian that Balbinus was consul in the year in which the conspiracy of the younger Aemilius Lepidus was detected by Maecenas, that is B. C. 30, it is conjectured that Balbinus may be the cognomen of L. Saenius, who was consul suffectus in that year.
of military tribune by Brutus, gained over the legion commanded by L. Piso, the lieutenant of Antonius, defeated and took prisoner C. Antonius, and did much good service in the course of the Macedonian campaign. When the republican army was broken up by the rout at Philippi, he joined Sext. Pompeius in Sicily, and taking advantage of the amnesty in favour of exiles, which formed one of the terms of the convention between that chief and the triumvirs when they concluded a short-lived peace (B. C. 39), returned to the metropolis. Here he lived in retirement and obscurity, until Octavianus, touched perhaps with remorse on account of his former treachery to the family, caused him to be admitted into the college of augurs, and after his final rupture with Antony, assumed him as his colleague in the consulship. (B. C. 30, from 13th Sept.) By a singular coincidence, the despatch announcing the capture of the fleet of Antony, which was immediately followed by his death, was addressed to the n
at Ferentinum, as having, while censor or quinquennalis in the reign of Augustus, repaired or restored the walls of that town. were the son of the consul of B. C. 43 is uncertain. Orelli, Inscr. n. 589, id. vol. ii. p. 172; Westphal, Camp. Romagn. p. 84.) The Hirtius mentioned by Appian (App. BC 4.43, 84) as compelled by proscription to fly to Sex. Pompeius, may have been the same person, since many of the Pompeians were restored and even favoured by Augustus after the treaty at Misenum, in B. C. 39. HIRTIA, whom Cicero, after his repudiation of Terentia, in B. C. 46, had some thoughts of marrying, was a sister of Hirtius. He declined her, saying, that he could not undertake a wife and philosophy at once (Hieron. in Jovin. 1.38), and the words " Nihil vidi foedius " are supposed to refer to her. But, as he shortly afterwards, without apology, espoused the young, beautiful, and rich Publilia, it is probable that Hirtia wanted youth and a good dower, as well as good looks. The charac
the troubles of the civil wars. While he was besieging Dec. Brutus in Mutina, B. C. 43, Julia exerted her own and her family's influence in Rome to prevent his being outlawed by the senate (App. BC 3.51), and after the triumvirate was formed, she rescued her brother, L. Julius Caesar [CAESAR, No. 11], from her son, and interceded with him for many rich and high-born women whose wealth exposed them to proscription. (App. BC 3.32.) In the Perusine war, B. C. 41, Julia fled from Rome, although Augustus had uniformly treated her with kindness, and now upbraided her distrust of him, to Sext. Pompey in Sicily, by whom she was sent with a distinguished escort and convoy of triremes to M. Antony in Greece. (App. BC 5.52, 63.) At Athens Julia forwarded a reconciliation of the triumvirs, and returned with her son to Italy in B. C. 39, and was probably present at their meeting with Sext. Pompey at Misenum. (Plut. Ant. 19 ; D. C. 47.8, 48.16; Cic. Phil. 2.6, 8; Schol. Bob. in Vat. p. 321, Orelli.)
Ju'lia 6. Daughter of Augustus by Scribonia [SCRIBONIA], and his only child. She was born in B. C. 39, and was but a few days old when her mother was divorced. (D. C. 48.34.) Julia was educated with great strictness. The manners of the imperial court were extremely simple, and the accomplishments of her rank and station were diversified by the labours of the loom and the needle. (Suet. Aug. 73.) A daily register was kept of her studies and occupations; her words, actions, and associates were jealously watched ; and her father gravely reproached L. Vinicius, a youth of unexceptionable birth and character, for addressing Julia at Baiae (Suet. Aug. 63, 64). She married, B. C. 25, M. Marcellus, her first cousin, the son of Octavia (D. C. 53.27), and, after his death, B. C. 23, without issue, M. Vipsanius Agrippa [AGRIPPA, M. VIPSANIUS] (D. C. 53.30, 54.6; Plut. Ant. 87; Suet. Aug. 63), by whom she had three sons, C. and L. Caesar, and Agrippa Postumus, and two daughters, Julia and Agrippi
ke such titles from the names of the people whom they conquered, of which we have examples in Scipio Africanus, Servilius Isauricus, Fabius Allobrogicus, and the like, while Labienus, on the contrary, assumed his from the victorious nation. It was in reference to this that Hybreas, when he was defending Mylasus, sent Labienus the taunting message that he would call himself the Carian imperator. These successes at length roused Antony from his inactivity. He sent an army into Asia Minor in B. C. 39, commanded by P. Ventidius, the most able of his legates, who suddenly came upon Labienus before the latter had received any intelligence of his approach. Not having any of his Parthian allies with him, he dared not meet Ventidius in the field, and, accordingly, fled with the utmost haste towards Syria, to effect a junction with Pacorus. This, however, was prevented by the rapid pursuit of Ventidius, who came up with him by Mount Taurus, and stopped him from advancing further. Here both par
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s mission alarmed Octavian. He feared that Pompey, who was now decidedly master of the sea, should unite with Antony to crush him; and, in order to gain the favour of the former and of his father-in-law Libo, he proposed, on the advice of Maecenas, to marry Libo's sister, Scribonia, although she was much older than himself, and had been married twice before. The marriage shortly after took place, and paved the way for a peace between the triumvirs and Pompey. This was negotiated in the following year (B. C. 39) by Libo, who crossed over from Sicily to Italy for the purpose, and it was finally settled at Misenum. When the war was renewed in B. C. 36, Libo for a time continued faithful to Pompey, but, seeing his cause hopeless, he deserted him in the following year. In B. C. 34, he was consul with M. Antony, as had been agreed at the peace of Misenum. As his name does not occur again in history, he probably died soon afterwards. (Appian, App. BC 5.52, 53. 69-73, 139; D. C. 48.16, 49.38.)
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