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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 26 26 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 22 22 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Minor Works (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
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Demosthenes, On the Crown, section 96 (search)
When the Lacedaemonians, men of Athens, had the supremacy of land and sea, and were holding with governors and garrisons all the frontiers of Attica, Euboea, Tanagra, all Boeotia, Megara, Aegina, Ceos, and the other islands, for at that time Athens had no ships and no walls, you marched out to Haliartus,Haliartus, 395 B.C.; Corinth, 394 B.C.; Decelean war, the last period, 4l3-404, of the Peloponnesian war, when the Spartans held the fortified position of Decelea in Attica. and again a few days later to Corinth. The Athenians of those days had good reason to bear malice against the Corinthians and the Thebans for their conduct during the Decelean War; but they bore no malice whatever.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 9 (search)
Pythagoras, in addition to his other injunctions, commanded his pupils rarely to take an oath, and, when they did swear an oath, to abide by it under any circumstances and to bring to fulfilment whatever they have sworn to do; and that they should never reply as did Lysander the Laconian and Demades the Athenian,Lysander, a Spartan admiral, died in 395 B.C.; Demades, the orator, in 319 B.C. Antipater once remarked of Demades, when he was an old man, that "he was like a victim when the sacrifice was over—nothing left but tongue and guts" (Plut. Phocion, 1). the former of whom once declared that boys should be cheated with dice and men with oaths, and Demades affirmed that in the case of oaths, as in all other affairs, the most profitable course is the one to choose, and that it was his observation that the perjurer forthwith continued to possess the things regarding which he had taken the oath, whereas the man who had kept his
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIV, Chapter 82 (search)
395 B.C.At the close of this year, in Athens Diophantus entered upon the archonship, and in Rome, in place of consuls, the consular magistracy was exercised by six military tribunes, Lucius Valerius, Marcus Furius, Quintus Servilius, and Quintus Sulpicius.Livy 5.14.5 adds M. Valerius and L. Furius. After these men had assumed their magistracies the Boeotians and Athenians, together with the Corinthians and the Argives, concluded an alliance with each other. It was their thought that, since the Lacedaemonians were hated by their allies because of their harsh rule, it would be an easy matter to overthrow their supremacy, given that the strongest states were of one mind. First of all, they set up a common Council in Corinth to which they sent representatives to form plans, and worked out in common the arrangements for the war. Then they dispatched ambassadors to the cities and caused many allies of the Lacedaemonians to withdraw fr
Isocrates, Panegyricus (ed. George Norlin), section 144 (search)
for I have striven to forestall just such a complaint, and have recounted the most glorious of his exploits. I do not, however, forget his minor campaigns; I do not forget that Dercylidas,Succeeded Thimbron as commander of the Spartan fleet, 399 B.C. He is said to have taken nine cities in eight days (Xen. Hell. 3.2.1). with a thousand heavy-armed troops, extended his power over Aeolis; that DracoAppointed harmost of Atarneus by Dercylidas, 398 B.C. (Xen. Hell. 3.2.11). took possession of Atarneus, and afterwards collected an army of three thousand light-armed men, and devastated the plains of Mysia; that Thimbron,Admiral of Spartan fleet 400 B.C. (Xen. Hell. 3.1.4). with a force only a little larger, crossed over into Lydia and plundered the whole country; and that Agesilaus, with the help of the army of Cyrus, conquered almost all the territory this side of the Halys river.The campaign of Agesilaus occurred in 395 B.C. (Xen. H
Isocrates, On the Peace (ed. George Norlin), section 68 (search)
What cities of repute did we not call upon to join the allianceIn 395, at Corinth, an anti-Spartan alliance was entered. which was formed in this cause? How many embassies did we not dispatch to the great KingThat headed by Conon in 395 B.C. is known. to convince him that it was neither just nor expedient for one state to dominate the Hellenes? Indeed we did not cease waging war and facing perils both by land and sea until the Lacedaemonians were willing to enter into the treaty which guaranteed our independence.The Peace of Antalcidas.
Isocrates, Plataicus (ed. George Norlin), section 40 (search)
And this could be proved by numerous instances; but as for those which have occurred in our own time at any rate, who does not know that the Lacedaemonians shattered your power,At Aegospotami, 405 B.C. which was thought to be irresistible—although at first they possessed slight resources for the war waged at sea, but they won the Greeks over to their side because of that general belief—and that you in turn took the leadership away from them, although you depended on a city without walls and in evil plight,A reference to the beginning of the Corinthian War, 395 B.C. Athens had been compelled by Sparta to destroy her Long Walls and fortifications after her defeat in 404 B.C. but possessed Justice as your al
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 3, chapter 4 (search)
ly looking for substitutes to die in their stead. After this, when spring was just coming on, he395 B.C. gathered his whole army at Ephesus; and desiring to train the army, he offered prizes both to ts, smiths, leather-cutters, and painters were all engaged in making martial weapons, so that one395 B.C. might have thought that the city was really a workshop of war. And one would have been encouraghave them begin at once to prepare their bodies and spirits for the fray. Tissaphernes, however,395 B.C. thought that he was saying this from a desire to deceive him again, and that this time he wouldk of the cavalry; but when the whole formidable array together was upon them, they gave way, and395 B.C. some of them were struck down at once in crossing the river, while the rest fled on. And the Grtes accordingly gave him thirty talents; and he took it and set out for Pharnabazus' province of395 B.C. Phrygia. And when he was in the plain which is above Cyme, orders came to him from the authorit
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 3, chapter 5 (search)
o the leaders in the various states on condition that they395 B.C. should make war upon the Lacedaemonians. So Timocrates we the Locrians in self-defence. Now the Lacedaemonians were395 B.C. glad to seize a pretext for undertaking a campaign againsnvade their land, they sent ambassadors to Athens with the395 B.C. following message: “Men of Athens, as regards your complan the subjects over whom you ruled were the most numerous,395 B.C. then you had the most enemies. To be sure they concealed eatment is he now receiving than if he had joined with you395 B.C. and subdued them? How, then, can it be doubtful that if yave the danger of repaying to the Thebans a greater favour395 B.C. than they had received. “For whereas you,” he said, “did e enemy turned about and threw javelins and other missiles395 B.C. upon them. And when two or three of them who were in the spirit; considering also the matter of horsemen, that the395 B.C. enemy's were numerous while their own were few, and, mos
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 4, chapter 1 (search)
AgesilausCp. III. iv. 29. arrived, at the beginning395 B.C. of autumn, in Pharnabazus' province of Phrygia, he“Tell me,” he said, “Otys, to what sort of a family395 B.C. does Spithridates belong?” Otys replied that he wa for my own part, even though I rejoice exceedingly395 B.C. when I punish an enemy, believe that I am far morens in abundance, and splendid wild animals, some of395 B.C. them in enclosed parks, others in open spaces. Thethese troops Herippidas proceeded to sacrifice; and395 B.C. towards evening he obtained favourable omens and t.As described in the Anabasis. And nothing happened395 B.C. during the campaign which was more distressing to you cannot accuse me, as you accused Tissaphernes,395 B.C. of any double-dealing toward you at any time, eitht rather by employing us as allies to increase, not395 B.C. the King's empire, but your own, subduing those wh. And afterwards, when his brother had deprived the395 B.C. son of Parapita of his domain during the absence
Xenophon, Agesilaus (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.), chapter 1 (search)
this way he brought it about that every one of them carried out these requirements with the zeal of a man in quest of someone to die in his stead. He also specified cities that were to furnish contingents of cavalry, feeling sure that from the horsebreeding cities riders proud of their horsemanship would be forthcoming. This again was considered an admirable stroke on his part, that no sooner had he raised his cavalry than it became a powerful body ready for action. At the first sign of spring395 B.C. he collected the whole of his forces at Ephesus. With a view to their training he offered prizes for the cavalry squadron that rode best, and for the company of heavy infantry that reached the highest level of physical fitness. He also offered prizes to the targeteers and the archers who showed the greatest efficiency in their particular duties. Thereupon one might see every gymnasium crowded with the men exercising, the racecourse thronged with cavalrymen riding, and the javelin-men a
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