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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 26 26 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 22 22 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Minor Works (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 395 BC or search for 395 BC in all documents.

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Agy'rrhius (*)Agu/rrios), a native of Collytus in Attica, whom Andocides ironically calls to/n kalo\n ka)gaqo\n (de Myst. p. 65, ed. Reiske), after being in prison many years for embezzlement of public money, obtained about B. C. 395 the restoration of the Theoricon, and also tripled the pay for attending the assembly, though he reduced the allowance previously given to the comic writers. (Harpocrat. s. v. *Qewrika\, *)Agu/rrios; Suidas, s. v. e)kklhsiastiko\n; Schol. ad Aristoph. Eccl. 102 ; Dem. c. Timocr. p. 742.) By this expenditure of the public revenue Agyrrhius became so popular, that he was appointed general in B. C. 389. (Xen. Hell. 4.8.31; Diod. 14.99; Böckh, Publ. Econ. of Athens, pp. 223, 224, 316, &c., 2nd ed. Engl. transl.; Schomann, de Comitiis, p. 65, &
Androcleides (*)Androklei/dhs), a Theban, who was bribed by Timocrates, the emissary of Tissaphernes in B. C. 395, in order to induce the Thebans to make war upon the Spartans, and thus bring back Agesilaus from Asia. (Xen. Hell. 3.5.1; Plut. Lys. 27; Paus. 3.9.4.) Androcleides is mentioned in B. C. 382 as one of the leaders of the party opposed to Phoebidas, who had seized the citadel. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.31
y Persians superior to himself, who would never tolerate him as king. (Anab. 2.1.4, 2.1.) He exchanged oaths of fidelity, however with the Greeks, and, at the commencement of their retreat, marched in company with them; but soon afterwards he purchased his pardon from Artaxerxes by deserting them, and aiding (possibly through the help of his friend Menon) the treachery of Tissaphernes, whereby the principal Greek generals fell into the hands of the Persians. (Anab. 2.2.8, &c., 4. §§ 1, 2, 9, 5. §§ 28, 38, &c.; comp. Plut. Art. 100.18.) It was perhaps this same Ariaeus who was employed by Tithraustes to put Tissaphernes to death in accordance with the king's order, B. C. 396. (Polyaen. 8.16; Diod. 14.80; Wess. and Palm. ad loc. ; comp. Xen. Hell. 3.1.7.) In the ensuing year, B. C. 395, we again hear of Ariaeus as having revolted front Artaxerxes, and receiving Spithridates and the Paphlagonians after their desertion of the Spartan service. (Xen. Hell. 4.1.27; Plut. Ages. 100.11.) [
Cossus 9. P. Cornelius Maluginensis Cossus, consular tribune B. C. 395, when he ravaged the territory of the Falisci, and consul in 393 with L. Valerius Potitus; but he and his colleague were obliged to resign their office in consequence of some defect in the election, and L. Lucretius Flavus Triciptinus and Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus were appointed in their stead. (Liv. 5.24; Fasti.
Cotys (*Ko/tus). 1. A king of Paphlagonia, seems to have been the same whom Xenophon (Xen. Anab. 5.5.12, &c.) calls Corylas. Otys also is only another form of the name. A vassal originally of the Persian throne, he had thrown off his allegiance to Artaxerxes II., and, when summoned to court, as a test probably of his loyalty, had refused obedience. He therefore listened readily to the recommendation of Spithridates to enter into alliance with Sparta, and having met Agesilaus for this purpose on his entrance into Paphlagonia, he left with him a considerable reinforcement for his army. For this service Agesilaus rewarded Spithridates by negotiating a marriage for his daughter with Cotys, B. C. 395. (Xen. Hell. iv. 50.3, &c.) The subject of the present article has been identified by some with Thyus, whom Datames conquered and carried prisoner to Artaxerxes about B. C. 364; but this conjecture does not appear to rest on any valid grounds. (See Schneider, ad Xen. Hell. l.c.) [THYUS
the charge of corruption. He seems, however, to have been acquitted (Plat. and Ath. ll. cc.) probably through the powerful interest possessed by himself and by his fellow criminal, Phormisius. (Dionys. Vit. Lys. 32.) He had been guilty of corruption on a former occasion also, but had been equally fortunate in escaping punishment. (Lys. l.c.) This first offence of his was probably on the occasion when Timocrates the Rhodian was sent by Tithraustes to bribe the Greek states to attack Sparta (B. C. 395); for though Xenophom (Hell. 3.5.1.) asserts, that the Athenians did not receive any money from Timocrates (a statement suspicious on the face of it), Pausanias (3.9.4) has preserved an account that at Athens bribes were taken by Cephalus and Epicrates. The above statement of the acquittal of Epicrates on the charge of corruption in his embassy to Artaxerxes, seems at first sight opposed to the statementt of Demosthenes (de Fats. Legat. pp. 430), 431), that he was condemned to death, and
Jason (*)Ia/swn), tyrant of Pherae and Tagus of Thessaly (Dict. of Antiq. s. v. Tagus), was probably the son of LYCOPHRON, who established a tyranny on the ruins of aristocracy at Pherae, about the end of the Peloponnesian war, and aimed at dominion overall the Thessalians. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.4; Diod. 14.82.) From this passage of Diodorus we know that Lycophron was still alive in B. C. 395, but we cannot fix the exact time at which Jason succeeded him, nor do we find anything recorded of the latter till towards the close of his life. Wyttenbach, however (ad Plut. Mor. p. 89c.), may possibly be right in his conjecture that the Prometheus who is mentioned by Xenophon as engaged in struggles against the old aristocratic families of Thessaly, with the aid of CRITIAS, was no other than Jason. (Xen. Mem. 1.2.24, Hell. 2.3.36; Schneid. ad loc.) It is at least certain that the surname in question could not have been applied more appropriately. He not only adopted, but expanded the ambitious des
Ly'cophron 4. A citizen of Pherae, where he put down the government of the nobles and established a tyranny. Aiming further at making himself master of the whole of Thessaly, he overthrew in a battle, with great slaughter (B. C. 404), the Larissaeans and others of the Thessalians, who opposed him, adherents, no doubt, of the Aleuadae. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.4.) Schneider (ad Xen. l.c.) conjectures that the troops and money obtained in the preceding year by Aristippus of Larissa from Cyrus the Younger were intended to resist the attempts of Lycophron (Xen. Anab. 1.1.10). In B. C. 395, Medius of Larissa, probably the head of the Aleuadae, was engaged in war with Lycophron, who was assisted by Sparta, while Medius received succours from the opposite confederacy of Greek states, which enabled him to take Pharsalus. (Diod. 14.82.) Of the manner and period of Lycophron's death we know nothing. He was probably the father of JASON of Pherae.
rlwall's Greece, vol. iv. Appendix 4, "On Lysander's Revolutionary Projects.") He does not seem to have ventured upon any overt act, and his enterprise was cut short by his death in the following year. On the breaking out of the Boeotian war in B. C. 395, Lysander was placed at the head of one army, and the king Pausanias at the head of another. The two armies were to meet in the neighbourhood of Haliartus ; but as Pausanias did not arrive there at the time that had been agreed upon, Lysander marched against the town, and perished in battle under the walls, B. C. 395. His body was delivered up to Pausanias, who arrived there a few hours after his death, and was buried in the territory of Panopeus in Phocis, on the road from Delphi to Chaeroneia, where his monument was still to be seen in the time of Plutarch. Lysander died poor, which proves that his ambition was not disgraced by the love of money, which sullied the character of Gylippus and so many of his contemporaries. It is relat
Maluginensis 7. P. Cornelius Maluginensis Cossus, consular tribune B. C. 395, and consul B. C. 393 with L. Valerius Potitus. [COSSUS, No. 9.]
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