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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 10 10 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 397 BC or search for 397 BC in all documents.

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Albi'nus 7. A. Postumius Albinus Regillensis, consular tribune B. C. 397, collected with his colleague L. Julius an army of volunteers, since the tribunes prevented them from making a regular levy, and cut off a body of Tarquinienses, who were returning home after plundering the Roman territory. (Liv. 5.16.)
Ci'nadon (*Klna/dwn), the chief of a conspiracy against the Spartan peers (omoioi) in the first year of Agesilaus II. (B. C. 398-397.) This plot appears to have arisen out of the increased power of the ephors, and the more oligarchical character which the Spartan constitution had by this time assumed. (Thirlwall's Greece, iv. pp. 373-378; Manso's Sparta, 3.1, p. 219, &c.; Wachsmuth, Hellen. Alter. 1.2, pp. 214, 215, 260, 262.) Cinadon was a young man of personal accomplishment and courage, but not one of the peers. The design of his conspiracy was to assassinate all the peers, in order, as he himself said, "that he might have no superior in Lacedaemon." The first hint of the existence of the plot was given by a soothsayer, who was assisting Agesilaus at a sacrifice. Five days afterwards, a person came to the ephors, and told them the following story: He had been taken, he said, into the agora by Cinadon, who asked him to count the Spartans there. I-He did so, and found that, includin
. Conon, 1-3.) Here he remained for some years, till the war which the Spartans commenced against the Persians gave him an opportunity of serving his country. There is some difficulty in reconciling the accounts which we have left of his proceedings. He appears to have connected himself with Pharnabazus (Corn. Nep. Con. 2), and it was on the recommendation of the latter, according to Diodorus (14.39) and Justin (6.1), that he was appointed by the Persian king to the command of the fleet in B. C. 397. From Ctesias (Pers. 63) it would appear, that Conon opened a negotiation with the Persian court while at Salamis, and Ctesias was sent down to him with a letter empowering him to raise a fleet at the expense of the Persian treasury, and to act as admiral under Pharnabazus. He was first attacked, though without success, by Pharax, the Lacedaemonian admiral, while lying at Caunus, and soon after succeeded in detaching Rhodes from the Spartan alliance. (Diod. 14.79.) Though he received consi
hracian Chersonesus had sent an embassy to Sparta to ask for aid against the neighbouring barbarians, he said nothing of his inten tion, but concluded a further truce with Pharnabazus, and, crossing over to Europe, built a wall for the protection of the peninsula. Then returning, he besieged Atarneus, of which some Chiian exiles had taken possession, and reduced it after an obstinate defence. Hitherto there had been no hostilities between Tissaphernes and Dercyllidas, but in the next year, B. C. 397, ambassadors came to Sparta from the Ionians, representing that by an attack on Caria, where the satrap's own property lay, he might be driven into acknowledging their independence, and the ephori accordingly desired Dercyllidas to invade it. Tissaphernes and Pharnabazus now united their forces, but no engagement took place, and a negotiation was entered into, Dercyllidas demanding the independence of the Asiatic Greeks, the satraps the withdrawal of the Lacedaemonian troops. A truce was t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Diony'sius or Diony'sius the Elder or the Elder Diony'sius (search)
years after this he appears to have been occupied in strengthening his tower and in preparations for renewing the war with Carthage. Among these may be reckoned the great works which he at this time erected,-- the docks adapted for the reception of several hundred ships, and the wall of 30 stadia in length, enclosing the whole extent of the Epipolae, the magnihcence of which is attested by its existing remains at the present day. (Diod. 14.18, 42; Smith's Sicily, p. 167.) It was not till B. C. 397 that Dionysius considered himself sufficiently strong, or his preparations enough advanced, to declare war against Carthage. He had in the mean time assembled a large army of auxiliary and mercenary troops, and a fleet of two hundred ships, remarkable for the number of quadriremes and quinqueremes which were seen in it for the first time. The Carthaginians had been greatly weakened by the ravages of a pestilence in Africa, and were unprepared for war. Dionysius was immediately joined not o
Fide'nas 3. L. Sergius Fidenas, M'. F. L. N., son of No. 2, consular tribune in B. C. 397. (Liv. 5.16 ; Diod. 14.85.)
Julus 9. L. Julius, L. F., VOP. N., JULUS, the son of No. 5, and the grandson of No. 3, consular tribune in B. C. 401, with five colleagues, and a second time in B. C. 397, with the same number of colleagues. In the former of these two years the consular tribunes entered upon their office on the kalends of October instead of the ides of December, which was the usual time, in consequence of a defeat sustained by their predecessors before Veii; and their own year of office was distinguished by the number of foreign wars and civil broils. In the latter year Julius, with his colleague, Postumius, fell upon the Tarquinienses, who had made a plundering inroad into the Roman territory, and stripped them of the booty they had gained. (Liv. 5.9, 10, 16; Diod. 14.44, 85.)
Le'ptines (*Lepti/nhs). 1. A Syracusan, son of Hermocrates, and brother of Dionysius the elder, tyrant of Syracuse. He is first mentioned as commanding his brother's fleet at the siege of Motya (B. C. 397), and was for some time entrusted by Dionysius with the whole direction of the siege, while the latter was engaged in reducing the other towns still held by the Carthaginians. (Diod. 14.48.) After the fall of Motya he was stationed there with a fleet of 120 ships, to watch for and intercept the Carthaginian fleet under Himilco; but the latter eluded his vigilance, and effected his passage to Panormus in safety, with the greater part of his forces, though Leptines pursued them, and sunk fifty of his transports, containing 5000 troops. (Id. 53-55.) The face of affairs was now changed: Himilco was able to advance unopposed along the north coast of the island, and took and destroyed Messana; from whence he advanced upon Syracuse, his fleet, under Mago, supporting the operations of the
Maluginensis 6. P. Cornelius Maluginensis, P. F. M. N., consular tribune in B. C. 397 (Liv. 5.16; Diod. 14.85), and magister equitum to the dictator M. Furius Camillus in B. C. 396. At least the Fasti Capitolini name Maluginensis as the magister equitum in this year; but Livy (5.19) and Plutarch (Camill. 5) call the magister equitum P. Cornelius Scipio. He was consular tribune a second time in B. C. 390, the year in which Rome was taken by the Gauls. (Liv. 5.36; Diod. 14.110.) In Diodorus and in the common editions of Livy his praenomen is Servius, but in some of the best MSS. of Livy he is called Publius.
antineia in that year, he restrained the Lacedaemonians from pressing too much on the defeated enemy, and so running the risk of driving them to despair (Thuc. 5.63, &c.; Diod. 12.79 ; Wess. ad loc.). Diodorns speaks of him as having been high in dignity among his countrymen, and Pausanias (6.3) tells us that he was one of those to whom the Ephesians erected a statue in the temple of Artemis, after the close of the Peloponnesian war. He seems to have been the same person who was admiral in B. C. 397, and co-operated with Dercyllidas in his invasion of Caria, where the private property of Tissaphernes lay [DERCYLLIDAS]. In B. C. 396 he laid siege, with 120 ships, to Caunus, where Conon was then stationed; but he was compelled to withdraw by the approach of a large force under Pharnabazus and Artaphernes, according to Diodorus, in whom however the latter name appears to be a mistake for Tissaphernes (Xen. Hell. 3.2. §§ 12. &c. ; Diod. 14.79; Paus. 6.7; Thirlwall's Greece, vol. iv. p. 41
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