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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 32 32 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 7 7 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 2 2 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 51-61 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 41-50 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 11-20 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 403 BC or search for 403 BC in all documents.

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Albi'nus 6. M. Postumius Albinus Regillensis, A. F. A. N., is mentioned by Livy (5.1) as consular tribune in B. C. 403, but was in reality censor in that year with M. Furius Camillus. (Fasti Capitol.) In their censorship a fine was imposed upon all men who remained single up to old age. (V. Max. 2.9.1; Plut. Cam. 2; Dict. of Ant. s.v. Uxorium.
5.10.2.) He flourished from about Ol. 84 (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19) to Ol. 95 (B. C. 444-400). Pliny's date is confirmed by Pausanias, who says (8.9.1), that Praxiteles flourished in the third generation after Alcamnenes; and Praxiteles, as Pliny tells us, flourished about Ol. 104 (B. C. 364). The last works of his which we hear of, were the colossal statues of Athene and Hercules, which Thrasybulus erected in the temple of Hercules at Thebes after the expulsion of the tyrants from Athens. (B. C. 403.) The most beautiful and renowned of the works of Alcamenes was a statue of Venus, called from the place where it was set up, *(H e)n kh/pois *)Afrodi/th. (Lucian, Imagines, 4, 6; Paus. 1.19.2.) It is said that Phidias himself put the finishing touches to this work. (Plin. Nat. 36.5. s. 4.) The breasts, cheeks, and hands were especially admired. It has been supposed by some that this was the Venus for which he gained the prize over Agoracritus. There is no direct evidence of this, and it i
ed the speech still extant on his Return (peri\ th=s e(autou= kaqo/dou), in which he petitioned for permission to reside at Athens, but in vain. In this his third exile, Andocides went to reside in Elis (Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 835a.; Phot. l.c.), and during the time of his absence from his native city, his house there was occupied by Cleophon, a manufacturer of lyres, who had placed himself at the head of the democratical party. (De Myst. § 146.) Andocides remained in exile till the year B. C. 403, after the overthrow of the tyranny of the Thirty by Thrasybulus, when the general amnesty then proclaimed made him hope that its benefit would be extended to him also. He himself says (de Myst. § 132), that he returned to Athens from Cyprus, from which we may infer, that although he was settled in Elis, he had gone from thence to Cyprus for commercial or other purposes; for it appears that he had become reconciled to the princes of that island, as he had great influence and considerable l
1. An Athenian statesman and orator. He was a native of Coele, and one of the leading Athenian patriots, who together with Thrasybulus and Anytus occupied Phyle, led the Athenian exiles back, and overthrew the government of the Thirty tyrants, B. C. 403. (Demosth. c. Timocrat. p. 742.) It was on the advice of Archinus that Thrasybulus proclaimed the general amnesty (Aeschin. de Fals. Leg. p. 338); Archinus, moreover, carried a law which afforded protection to those included in the amnesty agai260.) There are several other passages of ancient writers which attest that Archinus was a skilful and upright statesman. He is also of importance in the literary history of Attica, for it was on his advice that, in the archonship of Eucleides, B. C. 403, the Ionic alphabet (*)Iwnika\ gra/mmata) was introduced into all public documents. (Suid. s. v. *Sami/wn o( dh=mos.) Some ancient as well as modern writers have believed that Archinus wrote a funeral oration, of which a fragment was thought to
Ariston 3. The leader of an insurrection at Cyrene in B. C. 403, who obtained possession of the town and put to death or expelled all the nobles. The latter however afterwards became reconciled to the popular party, and the powers of the government were divided between the two parties. (Diod. 14.34; comp. Paus. 4.26.2.)
Calli'ades (*Kallia/dhs), a comic poet, who is mentioned by Athenaeus (xiii. p. 577), but about whom nothing further is known, than that a comedy entitled *)\Agnoia was ascribed by some to Diphilus and by others to Calliades. (Athen. 9.401.) From the former passage of Athenaeus it must be inferred, that Calliades was a contemporary of the archon Eucleides, B. C. 403, and that accordingly he belonged to the old Attic comedy, whereas the fact of the Agnoea being disputed between him and Diphilus shews that he was a contemporary of the latter, and accordingly was a poet of the new Attic comedy. For this reason Meineke (Hist. Crit. Com. Gr. p. 450) is inclined to believe that the name Calliades in Athenaeus is a mistake for Callias. [L.
Calli'stratus 2. One of the body of knights under the command of Lysimachus, who were employed by the government of the Ten to keep in check the exiles under Thrasybulus in the Peiraeeus. Lysimachus having massacred some countrymen, with whom he fell in as they were going from the Peiraeeus to their farms to procure provisions, the party in the harbour, having got Callistratus into their hands, retaliated by putting him to death, B. C. 403. (Xen. Hell. 2.4.27.) In B. C. 410, this Callistratus had been treasurer of the goddess. Perhaps also he was the originator of the practice of paying the poorer citizens for their attendance at the assembly (misqo\s e)kklhsiastiko/s); but Böckh thinks that the introduction of this salary is more probably to be referred to the son of Empedus. (Publ. Econ. of Athens, bk. ii. ch. 14.
for that day) were obliged to give way before the invectives of Callixenus and the threats of the people. (Xen. Hell. 1.7. §§ 8-16, Memorab. 1. §. 18; Plat. Apol. p. 32b.; Psendo-Plat. Axioch.. p. 368, ad fin.) Not long after the death of the generals the Athenians decreed the institution of criminal accusations (probola/, see Dict. of Ant. s. v.) against Callixenus and the rest who had deceived them. He and four others accordingly were compelled to give bail for their appearance, and were kept in confinement by their sureties. They contrived, however, to effect their escape, and took refuge with the Lacedaemonians at Decelcia. On the restoration of democracy at Athens, B. C. 403, Callixenus took advantage of the general amnesty to return : but the ban of his countrymen's hatred was upon him, --no man, it is said, would give him either water or light for his fire,--and he perished miserably of hunger. (Diod. 13.103; Xen. Hell. 1.7.35,; Suid. s. r. *'Enau/ein; comp. Hdt. 7.231.) [E
Camillus 1. M. Furius Camillus, was, according to Livy (5.1), elected consular tribune for the first time in B. C. 403. In this year Livy mentions eight consular tribunes, a number which does not occur any where else; and we know from Plutarch (Plut. Cam. 2), that Camillus was invested with the censorship before he had held any other office. From these circumstances it has justly been inferred, that the censorship of Camillus and his colleague Postumius must be assigned to the year B. C. 403, B. C. 403, and that Livy, in his list of the consular tribunes of that year, includes the two censors. (Comp. V. Max. 1.9.1.) Therefore, what is commonly called the second, third, &c., consular tribunate of Camillus, must be regarded as the first, second, &c. The first belongs to B. C. 401; and the only thing that is mentioned of him during this year is, that he marched into the country of the Faliscans, and, not meeting any enemy in the open field, ravaged the country. His second consular tribunate falls
amous answer: *Sofo\s Sofoklh=s: sofw/terosd d' Eu)ripi/dhs: a)ndrw=n de\ pu/ntwn Swkra/ths sofw/tatos. The frequent notices of him in Aristophanes shew that he was highly distinguished in the school of Socrates; while from the nicknames, such as nukteri/s and pu/cinos, by which he was known, and the Aristophanic allusions to his weakness and his sallow complexion (Vesp. 1413, gunaiki\ e)oikw\s qayi/nh comp. Nub. 496), it appears that he injured his health by intense application to study. He attached himself to the popular party in politics, was driven into banishment by the Thirty tyrants, and returned to Athens on the restoration of democracy in B. C. 403. (Plat. Apol. p. 21a.) From the passage just referred to it appears, that he was dead when the trial of Socrates took place in B. C. 399. (Xen. Mem 1.2.48, 2.3; Plat. Charm. p. 153, Gorg. pp. 447, 448; Stallb. ad Plat. Apol. p. 21a.; Athen. 5.218; Aristoph. Cl. 105, 145, 157, 821, 1448, Av. 1296, 1564; Schol. ad ll. cc.) [E.E]
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