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Ge'llias (*Gelli/as), a citizen of Agrigentum, celebrated for his great wealth and magnificent style of living, as well as for his unbounded hospitality. He flourished just before the destruction of Agrigentum by the Carthaginians under Hannibal, the son of Giscon (B. C. 406). On that occasion he fled for refuge to the temple of Athena; but when he saw that no sanctuary could afford protection against the impiety of the enemy, he set fire to the temple and perished in the flames. (Diod. 13.83, 90; Athen. 1.4a; V. Max. 4.8.) The name is written Tellias in most of the MSS. of Athenaeus, and the error (if it be one) must be of ancient date, as the name is thus quoted both by Suidas and Eustathius. (Suid. s. v. *)Aqh/naios and *Telli/as ; Eustath. ad Od. p. 1471.) [E.H.
Xen. Hell. 1.1.37.) It appears that Hannibal must have been at this time already a man of advanced age, and he seems to have been disposed to rest content with the glory he had gained in this expedition, so that when, three years afterwards (B. C. 406), the Carthaginians determined on sending another, and a still greater, armament to Sicily, he at first declined the command, and was only induced to accept it by having his cousin Himilco associated with him. After making great preparations, nnibal took the lead, with a squadron of fifty triremes, but was quickly followed by Himilco, with the main army; and having landed their whole force in safety, they proceeded immediately to invest Agrigentum, at that time one of the wealthiest and most powerful cities in Sicily. But while the two generals were pushing their attacks with the utmost digour on several points at once, a pestilence sudvenly broke out in the camp, to which Hannibal himself fell a victim, B. C. 406. (Diod. 13.80-86.)
Hanno 2. Son of the same Hamilcar, according to Justin (19.2). It is probable that this is the same with the father of Himilco, who took Agrigentum, B. C. 406 (Diod. 13.80); it being expressly stated by Diodorus that that general and Hannibal, the son of Gisco, who was also grandson of Hamilcar, No. ], were of the same family. Heeren (Ideen, vol. iv. p. 539) conjectures this Hanno to be the same with the navigator and author of the Periplus.
ghty-five, and the learned authoress Pamphila (apud Gellium, 15.23), who likewise makes him a contemporary of Herodotus, says that at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war (B. C. 431), Hellanicus was about sixty-five years old, so that he would have been born about B. C. 496, and died in B. C. 411. This account, which in itself is very probable, seems to be contradicted by a statement of a scholiast (ad Aristoph. Ran. 706), from which it would appear that after the battle of Arginusae, in B. C. 406, Hellanicus was still engaged in writing; but the vague and indefinite expression of that scholiast does not warrant such an inference, and it is moreover clear from Thucydides (1.97), that in B. C. 404 or 403 Hellanicus was no longer alive. Another authority, an anonymous biographer of Euripides (p. 134 in Westermann's Vitarum Scriptores Graeci minores, Brunswick, 1845), states that Hellanicus was born on the day of the battle of Salamis, that is, on the 20th of Boedromion B. C. 481, and
Hiera'menes (*(Ierame/nhs), is name with Tissaphernes and the sons of Pharnaces, as contracting parties to the third treaty between Sparta and Persia, and must therefore have been at that time (B. C. 412) an important person in Asia Minor. (Thuc. 8.58.) He is probably the same who is said to have married a sister of Dareius, and whose sons, Autoboesaces and Mitracus, were killed by Cyrus the Younger, for having failed to show to himn a mark of respect usually paid to the king only. The complaint of the parents to Dareius was in part the reason of the recall of Cyrus, B. C. 406. (Xen. Hell. 2.1.9.) [A.H.
Himilco 3. Son of Hanno, commander, together with Hannibal, the son of Gisco, in the great Carthaginian expedition to Sicily, B. C. 406. His father is probably the same Hanno mentioned by Justin (19.2) among the sons of Hamilcar, in which case Himilco and Hannibal were first cousins. Diodorus (13.80) expressly states them to have been of the same family. It was probably this relationship that induced the Carthaginians, when Hannibal manifested some reluctance to undertake the command of a new expedition, to associate Himilco with him. The forces placed under their joint command amounted, according to Timaeus and Xenophon, to 120,000 men: Ephorus, with his usual exaggeration, stated them at 300,000. (Diod. 13.80; Xen. Hell. 1.5.21.) With this great army the two generals formed the siege of Agrigentum, and directed their attacks against it on several points at once. In the course of the works they constructed for this purpose, they destroyed many sepulchres, a circumstance to which the
Lyciscus 2. An Athenian demagogue, obliged Euryptolemus to drop his threatened prosecution of Callixenus for his illegal decree against the commanders who had conquered at Arginusae, B. C. 406, by moving that such as attempted to prevent the people from doing what they chose should have their fate decided by the same ballot as the generals themselves. (Xen. Hell. 1.7.13.) It is possible that the comedy of Alexis, called " Lyciscus," had reference to this demagogue. (See Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i. pp. 274, 275, iii. p. 446; Athen. 13.595d.)
s head-quarters at Ephesus, of the later prosperity and magnificence of which he is said by Plutarch to have laid the foundation, by the numbers he attracted thither as to a focus of trade. After his victory at Notium over Antiochus [see Vol. I. pp. 100, b, 193, b], he proceeded to organise a number of oligarchical clubs and factions in the several states, by means of the men who seemed fittest for the purpose in each; and the jealousy with which he regarded CALLICRATIDAS, his successor in B. C. 406, and the attempts he made to thwart and hamper him, may justify the suspicion that his object, in the establishment of these associations, was rather the extension of his own personal influence than the advancement of his country's cause. His power and reputation among the Spartan allies in Asia were certainly great, for, in a congress at Ephesus, they determined to send ambassadors to Lacedaemon requesting that Lysander might be appointed to the command of the fleet, an application which
Ly'sias (*Lusi/as). 1. An Athenian, who, according to Diodorus (13.74), was one of the ten generals appointed to succeed Alcibiades in the command of the fleet, B. C. 406. His name indeed does not occur in the list of them as given by Xenophon (Xenoph. Hell. 1.5.16), but that author agrees with Diodorus in mentioning him shortly after as one of those who actually held the command at the battle of Arginusae, on which occasion his trireme was sunk, and he himself made his escape with difficulty. It was only to encounter a worse fate, for on his return to Athens with five of his colleagues, they were all six immediately brought to trial, condemned, and executed, on the charge of having neglected to carry off the bodies of the citizens who had fallen in the action. (Xen. Hell. 1.6.30, 7; Diod. 13.99, 101; Philochorus, apud Schol. ad Aristoph. Ran. 1196
Megillus or MEGELLUS (*Me/gillos, *Megellos), a man of Eleia, in Lucania, was one of those who, under the auspices of Timoleon, recolonised Agrigentum, and gathered together the remnant of its citizens, about B. C. 338. (Plut. Tim. 35 Diod. 16.82, 83.) This was the first attempt to restore the city after its desolation by the Carthaginians in B. C. 406. (Diod. 13.81,&c.) [E.E]
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