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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 41 41 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 22 22 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 3 3 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Lysias, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
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Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 406 BC or search for 406 BC in all documents.

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Adeimantus 2. The son of Leucolophides, an Athenian, was one of the commanders with Alcibiades in the expedition against Andros, B. C. 407. (Xen. Hell. 1.4.21.) He was again appointed one of the Athenian generals after the battle of Arginusae, B. C. 406, and continued in office till the battle of Aegospotami, B. C. 405, where he was one of the commanders, and was taken prisoner. He was the only one of the Athenian prisoners who was not put to death, because he had opposed the decrec for cutting off the right hands of the Lacedaemonians who might be taken in the battle. He was accused by many of treachery in this battle, and was afterwards impeached by Conon. (Xen. Hell. 1.7.1, 2.1.30-32; Paus. 4.17.2, x.. § 5; Dem. de fals. leg. p. 401.; Lys. c. Alc. pp. 143, 21.) Aristophanes speaks of Adeimantus in the "Frogs" (1513), which was acted in the year of the battle, as one whose death was wished for; and he also calls him, apparently out of jest, the son of Leucolophus, that is, "White C
land and sea forces. (Diod. 13.69; Plut. Alc. 33; Xen. Hell. 1.4.13-20.) He signalised his return by conducting the mystic procession to Eleusis, which had been interrupted since the occupation of Deceleia. But his unsuccessful expedition against Andros and the defeat at Notium, occasioned during his absence by the imprudence of his lieutenant, Antiochus, who brought on an engagement against his orders, furnished his enemies with a handle against him, and he was superseded in his command. (B. C. 406.) Thinking that Athens would scarcely be a safe place for him, Alcibiades went into voluntary exile to his fortified domain at Bisanthe in the Thracian Chersonesus. He collected a band of mercenaries, and made war on the neighbouring Thracian tribes, by which means he considerably enriched himself, and afforded protection to the neighbouring Greek cities. Before the fatal battle of Aegos-Potami (B. C. 405), he gave an ineffectual warning to the Athenian generals. After the establishment
Ambustus 4. N. Fabius Ambustus, M. F. Q. N., son of No. 2 and brother to Nos. 3 and 5, consular tribune in B. C. 406 (Liv. 4.58), and again in 390. [See No. 2.]
A'ntiphon 2. A tragic poet, whom Plutarch (Vit. X. Orat. p. 833), Philostratus (Vit. Soph. 1.15.3), and others, confound with the Attic orator Antiphon, who was put to death at Athens in B. C. 411. Now Antiphon the tragic poet lived at Syracuse, at the court of the elder Dionysius, who did not assume the tyranny till the year B. C. 406, that is, five years after the death of the Attic orator. The poet Antiphon is said to have written dramas in conjunction with the tyrant, who is not known to have shewn his passion for writing poetry until the latter period of his life. These circumstances alone, if there were not many others, would shew that the orator and the poet were two different persons, and that the latter must have survived the former many years. The poet was put to death by the tyrant, according to some accounts, for having used a sarcastic expression in regard to tyranny, or, according to others, for having imprudently censured the tyrant's compositions. (Plut., Philostr. ll
Archede'mus or ARCHEDA'MUS (*)Arxe/dhmos or *)Arxe/damos) 1. A popular leader at Athens, took the first step against the generals who had gained the battle of Arginusae, B. C. 406, by imposing a fine on Erasinides, and calling him to account in a court of justice for some public money which he had received in the Hellespont. (Xen. Hell vii 1 § 2) This seems to be the same Archedemus of whom Xenophon speaks in the Memorabilia (2.9), as originally poor, but of considerable talents both for speaking and public business, and who was employed by Criton to protect him and his friends from the attacks of sycophants. It appears that Archedemus was a foreigner, and obtained the franchise by franchise by fraud, for which he was attacked by Aristophanes (Aristoph. Frogs 419) and by Eupolis in the Baptae. (Schol. ad Aristoph. l.c.) Both Aristophanes (Aristoph. Frogs 588) and Lysias (c. Alcib. p. 536, ed. Reiske) call him blear-eyed (gla/hwn)
Aristo'crates (*)Aristokra/ths), an Athenian of wealth and influence (Plat. Gorg. p. 472a.), son of Scellias, attached himself to the oligarchical party, and was a member of the government of the Four Hundred, which, however, he was, together with Theramenes, a main instrument in overthrowing. (Thuc. 8.89, 92; Lys. c. Erat. p. 126 ; Demosth. c. Theocr. p. 1343.) Aristophanes (Aristoph. Birds 126) refers to him with a punning allusion to his name and politics. In 407, when Alcibiades, on his return to Athens, was made commander-in-chief, Aristocrates and Adeimantus were elected generals of the land forces under him. (Xen. Hell. 1.4.21; comp. Diod. 13.69; Nep. Alc. 100.7.) In the same year, Aristocrates was appointed one of the ten commanders who superseded Alcibiades, and he was among the six who were brought to trial and executed after the battle of Arginusae, B. C. 406. (Xen. Hell. 1.5.16, 6.29, 7. §§ 2, 34; Diod. 13.74, 101.) [
Aristo'genes (*)Aristoge/nhs), was one of the tell commanders appointed to supersede Alcibiades after the battle of Notium, B. C. 407. (Xen. Hell. 1.5.16; Diod. 13.74; Plut. Alc. 100.36(.) He was one of the eight who conquered Callicratidas at Arginusae, B. C. 406; and Protomachus and himself, by not returning to Athens after the battle, escaped the fate of their six colleagues, though sentence of condemnation was passed against them in their absence. (Xen. Hell. 1.7. §§ 1, 34; Diod. 13.101.) [
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Callicra'tidas (search)
Callicra'tidas (*Kallikrati/das) was sent out in B. C. 406 to succeed Lysander as admiral of the Lacedaemonian fleet, and soon found that the jealousy of his predecessor, as well as the strong contrast of their characters, had left for him a harvest of difficulties. Yet he was not unsuccessful in surmounting these, and shewed that plain, straight-forward honesty may sometimes be no bad substitute for the arts of the supple diplomatist. The cabals of Lysander's partizans against him he quelled by asking them, whether he should remain where he was, or sail home to report how matters stood; and even those who looked back with most regret to the winning and agreeable manners of his courtly predecessor, admired his virtue, says Plutarch, even as the beauty of a heroic statue. His great difficulty, however, was the want of funds, and for these he reluctantly went and applied to Cyrus, to whom it is said that Lysander, in order to thwart his successor, had returned the sums he held; but the
Calli'xenus (*Kalli/cenos) was the mover in the Athenian boulh/ of the following decree against the generals who had conquered at Arginusae, B. C. 406,--a decree as false in its preamble as it was illegal and iniquitous in its substance: " Whereas the accusation against the generals, as well as their defence, has been heard in the previous assembly, be it enacted that all the Athenians give their votes on the case according to their tribes; and that for each tribe there be set two urns to receive the ballots of condemnation or acquittal. And if they be found guilty, let them suffer death; and let their property be confiscated, and a tenth of it be set apart for the goddess." The decree, in fact, took away from the accused the right of separate trials and a fair hearing; and, when it was brought before the assembly, Euryptolemus and some other friends of the generals threatened Callixenus with a prosecution for his illegal proposition, but were compelled by the clamours of the multitu
and his very profligate life; and we learn from Lysias, the orator (apud Athen. l.c.), who himself attacked him in two orations,--now lost with the exception of the fragment here referred to,--that not a year passed in which he was not assailed on this score by the comic poets. He had his revenge however; for he succeeded in procuring (probably about B. C. 390) the abolition of the Choragia, as far as regarded comedy, which had indeed been declining ever since the Archonship of Callias in B. C. 406. In consequence of this Strattis attacked him in his play called "Cinesias." (Schol. ad Arist. Ran. 404; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. ii. p. 497; Böckh, Publ. Econ. of Athens, bk. iii. ch. 22; Clinton, sub annis 406, 388, 337.) From Lysias also (apud Athen. l.c.) we learn, that Cinesias abandoned prudently the practice of his art, and betook himself to the trade of an informer, which he found a very profitable one. (Comp. Perizon. ad Ael. V. H. 3.8, 10.6; Schol. ad Aristoph. ll. cc.; Plut. de Supe
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