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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 7 7 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Lycurgus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Lysias, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Plato, Hippias Major, Hippias Minor, Ion, Menexenus, Cleitophon, Timaeus, Critias, Minos, Epinomis 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 410 BC or search for 410 BC in all documents.

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then. 5.217d.; Ael. VH 12.43), further strengthening himself by marriage with Cleopatra, his father's widow. (Plat. Gory. p. 471c.; Aristot. Pol. 5.10, ed. Bekk.) Nor does there appear to be any valid reason for rejecting this story in spite of the silence of Thueydides, who had no occasion to refer to it, and of the remarks of Athenaeus, who ascribes it to Plato's love of scandal. (Thuc.2.100; Athen. 11.506a. e.; Mitford, Gr. Hist. ch. 34, sec. 1; Thirlwall, Gr. Hist. vol. v. p. 157.) In B. C. 410 Pydna revolted from Archelaus, but he reduced it with the aid of an Athenian squadron under Theramenes, and the better to retain it, in subjection, rebuilt it at a distance of about two miles from the coast. (Diod. 13.49; Wess. ad loc.) In another war, in which he was involved with Sirrhas and Arrhabaeus, he purchased peace by giving his daughter in marriage to the former. (Aristot. Polit. l.c.; comp. Thirlwall, Gr. Hist. vol. v. p. 158.) For the internal improvement and security of his ki
Calli'stratus 2. One of the body of knights under the command of Lysimachus, who were employed by the government of the Ten to keep in check the exiles under Thrasybulus in the Peiraeeus. Lysimachus having massacred some countrymen, with whom he fell in as they were going from the Peiraeeus to their farms to procure provisions, the party in the harbour, having got Callistratus into their hands, retaliated by putting him to death, B. C. 403. (Xen. Hell. 2.4.27.) In B. C. 410, this Callistratus had been treasurer of the goddess. Perhaps also he was the originator of the practice of paying the poorer citizens for their attendance at the assembly (misqo\s e)kklhsiastiko/s); but Böckh thinks that the introduction of this salary is more probably to be referred to the son of Empedus. (Publ. Econ. of Athens, bk. ii. ch. 14.
Clearchus (*Kle/arxos), a Spartan, son of Ramphias. In the congress which the Spartans held at Corinth, in B. C. 412, it was determined to employ him as commander in the Hellespont after Chios and Lesbos should be gained from the Athenians ; and in the same year the eleven commissioners, who were sent out from Sparta to take cognizance of the conduct of Astyochus, were entrusted with the discretionary power of despatching a force to the Hellespont under Clearchus. (Thuc. 8.8, 39.) In B. C. 410, he was present at the battle of Cyzicus under Mindarus, who appointed him to lead that part of the force which was specially opposed to Thrasybulus. (Diod. 13.51; Xen. Hell. 1.1.16, &c.; Plut. Alc. 28.) In the same year, on the proposal of Agis, he was sent to Chalcedon and Byzantium, with the latter of which states he had a connexion of hospitality, to endeavour to cut off the Athenian supplies of corn in that quarter, and he accordingly fixed his residence at Byzantium as harmost. When the t
is said to have been one of the grounds on which he was attacked by Plato, the comic poet, in his play called " Cleophon." (Schol. ad Aristoph. l.c.) He appears throughout his career in vehement opposition to the oligarchical party, of which his political contest with Critias, as referred to by Aristotle (Aristot. Rh. 1.15.13), is an instance; and we find him on three several occasions exercising his influence successfully for the prevention of peace with Sparta. The first of these was in B. C. 410, after the battle of Cyzicus, when very favourable terms were offered to the Athenians (Diod. 13.52, 53; Wess. ad loc.; Clinton, F. H. sub anno 410); and it has been thought that a passage in the " Orestes" of Euripides, which was represented in B. C. 408, was pointed against Cleophon and his evil counsel. (See 1. 892, --ka)pi\ tw=|d) a)ni/statai a)nh/r tis a)quro/glwssos, k. t. l.) The second occasion was after the battle of Arginusae, B. C. 406, and the third after that of Aegospotami in
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Cratesi'ppidas (search)
Cratesi'ppidas (*Krathsippi/das), a Lacedaemonian, was sent out as admiral after the death of Mindarus, B. C. 410, and took the command at Chios of the fleet which had been collected by Pasippidas from the allies. He effected, however, little or nothing during his term of office beyond the seizure of the acropolis at Chios, and the restoration of the Chian exiles, and was succeeded by Lysander. (Xen. Hell. 1.1.32, 5.1 ; Diod. 13.65, 70.) [E.
de was ever after known as that of Diodes. We know nothing of its details, but it is praised by Diodorus for its conciseness of style, and the care with which it distinguished different offences and assigned to each its peculiar penalty. The best proof of its merit is, that it continued to be followed as a civil code not only at Syracuse, but in many others of the Sicilian cities, until the island was subjected to the Roman law. (Diod. 13.35.) The banishment of Hermocrates and his party (B. C. 410; see Xen. Hell. 1.1.27) must have left Diocles undisputed leader of the commonwealth. The next year he commanded the forces sent by Syracuse and the other cities of Sicily to the relief of Himera, besieged by Hannibal, the son of Gisco. He was, however, unable to avert its fate, and withdrew from the city, carrying off as many as possible of the inhabitants, but in such haste that he did not stay to bury those of his troops who had fallen in battle. (Diod. 13.59-61.) This circumstance prob
government to lend its first succour to Chios; and when the blockade of their ships in Peiraeeus seemed likely to put a stop to all operations, he again persuaded Endius and his colleagues to make the attempt. Thucydides says, that Alcibiades was his patriko\s e)s ta\ ma/lista ce/nos; so that probably it was with him that Alcibiades resided during his stay at Sparta. (Thuc. 5.44, 8.6, 12.) To these facts we may venture to add from Diodorus (13.52, 53) the further statement, that after the defeat at Cyzicus, B. C. 410, he was sent from Sparta at the head of an embassy to Athens with proposals for peace of the fairest character, which were, however, through the influence of the presumptuous demagogue Gleophon, rejected. Endius, as the friend of Alcibiades, the victor of Cyzicus, would naturally be selected; and the account of Diodorus, with the exception of course of the oration he writes for Endius, may, notwithstanding the silence of Xenophon, be received as true in the main. [A.H.C]
he assassination of Phrynichus by one of the peri/poloi, and from a confusion perhaps of the two passages comes the statement of Plutarch (Plut. Alc. 100.25), that the assassin was Hermon, and that he received a crown in honour of it. Such a supposition is wholly inconsistent alike with the historian's narrative and the facts mentioned by the orators. (Lys. c. Agorat. p. 492; Lycurgus, ad Leocr. p. 217.) It is hardly even a plausible hypothesis to identify him with the commander of the peri/poloi, at whose house, it appeared by the confession of an accomplice, secret meetings had been held. (Thuc. 8.92.) But he is probably the same who is mentioned in the inscription (Böckh, Inscr. Graec. i. p. 221), which records the monies paid by the keepers of the treasury of Athena in the Acropolis during the year beginning at Midsummer B. C. 410. One of the earliest items is "to Hermon for his command at Pylos." The place was taken no long time after, probably in the next winter but one. [A.H.C
Hippo'crates 6. A Lacedaemonian, first mentioned as being sent with Epicles to Euboea, to bring away Hegesandridas and his fleet from thence, after the defeat of Mindarus at Cynossema, B. C. 411. (Thuc. 8.107.) He returned with Hegesandridas to the Hellespont, where he acted as second in command (e\pistugeu/s) to Mindarus during the subsequent operations. [MINDARUS]. After the decisive defeat at Cyzicus (B. C. 410), Hippocrates, on whom the chief command now devolved by the death of Mindarus, wrote to Sparta the well-known and characteristic dispatch, "Our good fortune is at an end; Mindarus is gone; the men are hungry; what to do we know not." (Xen. Hell. 1.1.23.) After the arrival of Cratesippidas to take the command at the Hellespont, Hippocrates appears to have been appointed governor or harmost of Chalcedon; and when that city was attacked, in the spring of 408, by Alcibiades and Thrasyllus, he led out his troops to encounter the Athenians, but was defeated, and himself fell in
Mae'nius 3. M. Maenius, tribune of the plebs B. C. 410, was the proposer of an agrarian law, and attempted, like his predecessor [No. 2], to prevent the consuls from levying troops, till this law was passed and carried into execution. But as the consuls were supported by the nine colleagues of Maenius, they were able to enforce the levy. So great was the popularity of Maenius, that the senate resolved that consuls should be elected for the following year, and not consular tribunes, because, if the latter had been elected, Maenius would have been sure to have been one of the number. (Liv. 4.53.)
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