es, who presided over the destinies of the respective countries or cities.
The silver coin of Alexander I., of Macedonia, 450 B. C., is said to have been the first which had a representation of the human figure; and the drachma of Archelaus, 413 B. C., the first coin with a portrait.
This practice was not adopted by the Romans till the time of Julius Caesar, when it became general, and is yet practiced, as is well known.
The Mohammedans, in their detestation of images, inscribe the name ansmall hole at the point of the horn, to which he applies his mouth, and then covers it with a piece of leather, which is attached to it for that purpose.
They were found in tombs at Sakkarah.
Cupping-instruments are described by Hippocrates 413 B. C., and by Celsus 20 B. C.
Hero of Alexandria states that the instrument is intended to be used without fire, referring to the practice then in vogue of rarefying the air within the tube as a means of obtaining a partial vacuum.