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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 3 3 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 416 BC or search for 416 BC in all documents.

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of Eudemus. He was a contemporary of Alcibiades and Zeuxis. We have no definite accounts respecting his performances, but he does not appear to have been an artist of much merit : he prided himself chiefly on the ease and rapidity with which he finished his works. (Plut. Per. 13.) Plutarch (Plut. Alc. 16) and Andocides at greater length (in Alcib. p. 31. 15) tell an anecdote of Alcibiades having inveigled Agatharchus to his house and kept him there for more than three months in striet durance, compelling him to adorn it with his pencil. The speech of Andocides above referred to seems to have been delivered after the destruction of Melos (B. C. 416) and before the expedition to Sicily (B. C. 415); so that from the above data the age of Agatharchus may be accurately fixed. Some scholars (as Bentley, Böttiger, and Meyer) have supposed him to be the same as the contemporary of Aeschylus, who, however, must have preceded him by a good half century. Müller, Arch. d. Kunst, p. 88.) [C.P.
on (*)Aga/qwn), an Athenian tragic poet, was born about B. C. 447, and sprung from a rich and respectable family. He was consequently contemporary with Socrates and Alcibiades and the other distinguished characters of their age, with many of whom he was on terms of intimate acquaintance. Amongst these was his friend Euripides. He was remarkable for the handsomeness of his person and his various accomplishments. (Plat. Protag p. 156b.) He gained his first victory at the Lenacan festival in B. C. 416, when he was a little above thirty years of age : in honour of which Plato represents the Symposium, or banquet, to have been given, which he has made the occasion of his dialogue so called. The scene is laid at Agathon's house, and amongst the interlocutors are, Apollodorus, Socrates, Aristophanes, Diotima, and Alcibiades. Plato was then fourteen years of age, and a spectator at the tragic contest, in which Agathon was victorious. (Athen. 5.217a.) When Agathon was about forty years of ag
dmother, who were possessed of great wealth, according to Pliny (Plin. Nat. 35.9. s. 36), and his statement is confirmed by a passage of Athenaeus (xii. p. 543, D.), from which we learn that he painted two pictures, in one of which Olympias and Pythias, as the presiding geniuses of the Olylmpic and Pythian games, were represented crowning Alcibiades; in the other Nemea, the presiding deity of the Nemean games, held Alcibiades on her knees. Alcibiades could not have gained any victories much before Ol. 91. (B. C. 416.) It is therefore exceedingly likely that this artist was the son of Aristophon, and grandson of the older Aglaophon, as among the Greeks the son generally bore the name not of his father but of his grandfather. Plutarch (Plut. Alc. 16) says, that Aristophon was the author of the picture of Nemea and Alcibiades. He may perhaps have assisted his son. This Aglaophon was, according to some, the first who represented Victory with wings. (Schol. ad Aristoph. Birds 573.) [C.P.M]
Cleome'des (*Kleomh/dhs), an Athenian, son of Lycomedes, was one of the commanders of the expedition against Melos in B. C. 416. He is mentioned also by Xenophon as one of the 30 tyrants appointed in B. C. 404. (Thuc. 5.84, &c.; Xen. Hell. 2.3.2.) Schneider's conjecture with respect to him (ad Xen. l.c.) is inadmissible. [E.
hip of Euthymenes. (B. C. 437-436.) Another restriction, which probably belongs to about the same time, was the law that no Areopagite should write comedies. (Plut. Bell. an Pac. praest. Ath. p. 348c.) From B. C. 436 the old comedy flourished in its highest vigour, till a series of attacks was made upon it by a certain Syracosius, who is suspected, with great probability, of having been suborned by Alcibiades. This Syracosius carried a law, mh\ kwmw|dei=sqai o)nomasti/ tina, probably about B. C. 416-415, which did not, however, remain in force long. (Schol. Arist. Av. 1297.) A similar law is said to have been carried by Antimachus, but this is perhaps a mistake. (Schol. Arist. Acharn. 1149 ; Meineke, p. 41.) That the brief aristocratical revolution of 411 B. C. affected the liberty of comedy can hardly be doubted, though we have no express testimony. If it declined then, we have clear evidence of its revival with the restoration of democracy in the Frogs of Aristophanes and the Cleoph
nexion which is described in the scholia on Aristophanes as if he had been a teacher of Socrates. Fifteen years later, B. C. 411, he was involved, as Diodorus (13.6) informs us, by the democratical party in a lawsuit about impiety (diabolh=s tnxw\n e)p) a)sebei/a|), and he thought it advisable to escape its result by flight. Religion seems to have been only the pretext for that accusation, for the mere fact of his being a Melian made him an object of suspicion with the people of Athens. In B. C. 416, Melos had been conquered and cruelly treated by the Athenians, and it is not at all impossible that Diagoras, indignant at such treatment, may have taken part in the party-strife at Athens, and thus have drawn upon himself the suspicion of the democratical party, for the opinion that heterodoxy was persecuted at Athens, and that the priests in particular busied themselves about such matters, is devoid of all foundation. (Bernhardy, Gesch. d. Griech. Lit. i. p. 322.) All the circumstances
Exae'netus (*)Ecai/netos), of Agrigentum, gained victories in the foot race at Olympia, in B. C. 416 (Ol. 91) and B. C. 412 (Ol. 92.) On his return from Olympia, Exaenetus was escorted into the city by a magnificent procession of 300 chariots, each drawn by two white horses. (Diod. 13.34, 82; Aelian, Ael. VH 2.8.) [L.
e vote of exile fell on Hyperbolus himself: an application of that dignified punishment by which it was thought to have been so debased that the use of it was never recurred to. As the comic poet Plato, probably in his " Hyperbolus," wrote: " His fate was worthy of his courses, But of himself and his slave-brand unworthy; Not for the like of him was meant the sherd." (Plut. Arist. 7, Alc. 13, Nic. 11.) This appears to have happened just before the sailing of the first expedition to Sicily, B. C. 416 or 415. (Comp. Theophr. apud Schol. ad Aristoph. Vesp. 1007, and ad Lucian, Tim. 30). He seems to have retired to Samos; and in Samos, in the year 411 B. C., the members of a plot for restoring oligarchy theremurdered him, more a s a bond among themselves than because of his importance. Thucydides confirms here (8.74) the story of Plutarch, styling Hyperbolus " a worthless character, who had been ostracised not through apprehension of power and repute, but for his villainy's sake, and th
Lycome'des (*Lukomh/dhs). 1. An Athenian, son of Aeschreas, was the first Greek who captured a Persian ship at Artemisium, in B. C. 480, on which occasion he gained the prize of valour. (Her. 8.11.) He was perhaps the same as the father of the Athenian general Archestratus, mentioned by Thucydides (1.57). Lycomedes was also the name of the father of Cleomedes, one oh' the Athenian commanders against Melos in B. C. 416. (Thuc. 5.84
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Maeci'lia Gens 2. SP. MAECILIUS, chosen for the fourth time tribune of the plebs, B. C. 416. (Liv. 4.48.) In the time of Augustus we find the name of M. Maecilius Tullus, a triumvir of the mint, on many coins (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 240); and at length not long before the downfall of the Roman empire in the west a Maecilius obtained the imperial dignity. [AVITUS, MAECILIUS.]
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