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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 26-27 (ed. Frank Gardner Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 418 BC or search for 418 BC in all documents.

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idaurus. (Thirlwall, vol. iii. p. 342.) At Leuctra the aspect of the sacrifices deterred him from proceeding. He therefore led his troops back, and sent round notice to the allies to be ready for an expedition at the end of the sacred month of the Carnean festival; and when the Argives repeated their attack on Epidaurus, the Spartans again marched to the frontier town, Caryae, and again turned back, professedly on account of the aspect of the victims. In the middle of the following summer (B. C. 418) the Epidaurians being still hard pressed by the Argives, the Laccdaemonians with their whole force and some allies, under the command of Agis, invaded Argolis. By a skilful manoeuvre he succeeded in intercepting the Argives, and posted his army advantageously between them and the city. But just as the battle was about to begin, Thrasyllus, one of the Argive generals, and Alciphron came to Agis and prevailed on him to conclude a truce for four months. Agis, without disclosing his motives,
Axilla the name of a family of the Servilia gens, which is merely another form of AHALA. Axilla is a diminutive of Ala. (Comp. Cic. Orat. 45.) We have only one person of this name mentioned, namely, C. SERVILIUS Q. F. C. N. (STRUCTUS) AXILLA, consular tribune in B. C. 419 and again in 418, in the latter of which he was magister equitum to the dictator Q. Servilius Priscus Fidenas. This is the account of the Fasti Capitolini; but Livy calls the consular tribune in B. C. 418 only C. Servilius, and says that he was the son of the dictator Q. Servilius Priscus Fidenas. He also tells us that some annals related, that the magister equitum was the son of the dictator, while others called him Servilius Ahala (Axilla). (Liv. 4.45, 46.)
Hipponoidas (*(Ipponoi/das), a Spartan officer under Agis II., in the battle fought at Mantineia against the Argives and their allies, B. C. 418. He was accused of cowardice for not having obeyed the orders of Agis during the battle, and exiled from Sparta in consequence. (Thuc. 5.71, 72.) [E.H.
, seem to fix the allusion beyond dispute, while by the accusing dog, the ku/wn *Kudaqhnaieu/s, himself as great a filcher, Cleon is as evidently intended. Laches, we find from Plato (Lach. p. 181), was present at the battle of Delium, in B. C. 424. In B. C. 421 he was one of the commissioners for concluding the fifty years' truce between Athens and Sparta, as well as the separate treaty between these states in the same year. He was also one of the commanders of the force sent to Argos, in B. C. 418, when Alcibiades induced the Argives to break the truce made in their name with the Lacedaemonians, by Thrasyllus and Alciphron; and in the same year he fell at the battle of Mantineia, together with his colleague Nicostratus. (Thuc. 5.19, 24, 61, 74.) In the dialogue of Plato which bears his name, he is represented as not over-acute in argument, and with temper on a par with his acuteness. His son Melanopus was one of those whom, being in possession of some prize-money, which was public p
Leo or LEON 4. One of the three ambassadors sent from Sparta to dissuade the Athenians from the alliance with Argos, in B. C. 420. (Thuc. 5.44.) It seems doubtful whether we should identify him with the father of Antalcidas (Plut. Art. 21), and again with the ephor e)pw/numos in the fourteenth year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 418 (Xen. Hell. 2.3.10), and also with the Leon who was sent out with Antisthenes, in B. C. 412, as e)piba/ths (whatever that may mean), and was appointed on the death of Pedaritus to succeed him in the command. (Thuc. 8.39, 61; comp. Arnold and Goeller, ad loc.) The father of Pedaritus (Thuc. 8.28) was probably a different person, though Krueger thinks he was the same with the officer of Antisthenes and was appointed to succeed his son.
because of their alleged breach of the sacred truce in the seizure of Lepreum, Lichas sent a chariot into the lists in the name of the Boeotian commonwealth; but, his horses having won the victory, he came forward and crowned the charioteer, by way of showing that he was himself the real conqueror. For this he was publicly beaten by the Eleian r(abdou=xoi, and Sparta did not forget the insult, though no notice was taken of it at the time. (Thuc. 5.49, 50; Xen. Hell. 3.2.21; Paus. 6.2.) In B. C. 418, he succeeded in inducing the Argives to make peace with Lacedaemon after the battle of Mantineia. (Thuc. 5.76.) In B. C. 412, he was one of the eleven commissioners sent out to inquire into the conduct of Astyochus, the Spartan admiral, and was foremost in protesting against the treaties which had been made with Persia by Chalcideus and Theramenes (the Lacedaemonian) respectively, -- especially against that clause in them which acknowledged the king's right to all the territories that had
Mugilla'nus 2. L. Papirius Mugillanus, L. F. L. N. son probably of the preceding, was consular tribune in B. C. 422. As interrex for holding the plebeians comitia in the following year, Mugillanus was the author of a law directing the quaestors to be chosen indifferently from the patricians and the plebeians (Liv. 4.44). He was censor in B. C. 418 (Fasti).
Mugilla'nus 3. M. Papirius Mugillanus, L. F. was con sular tribune in B. C. 418, and again in 416, and consul in 411 (Liv. 4.45, 47; Fasti). Livy, however, in 411 gives Atratinus, not Mugillanus, as the cognomen of the Papirius consul in that year. (Ib. 52.)
ining part of the fleet, having routed the Corcyraeans, advanced against the Athenians, who were compelled to retire. (Thuc. 3.75, &c.) In B. C. 424, Nicostratus was one of the colleagues of Nicias in the expedition in which Cythera was taken. (Thuc. 4.53, &c.) He was one of the Athenians who took the oaths to the year's truce concluded between Sparta and Athens (Thuc. 4.119); and later in the same year was the colleague of Nicias in the expedition to Chalcidice [NICIAS]. (Thuc. 4.129, 130). In B. C. 418, Nicostratus and Laches led a body of 1000 heavy-armed soldiers and 300 cavalry to Argos, accompanied by Alcibiades as ambassador. The Atheniani troops, accompanied by the allies of Argos, proceeded to attack Orchomenos, which made no resistance. From Orchomenos, having been joined by the Argives, the combined forces proceeded against Tegea. Agis marched to protect the place, and in the battle which ensued near ,Mantineia Nicostratus and his colleague were both slain. (Thuc. 5.61-74).
deed, saved his army by a masterly retreat, but the minds of the Spartans were irritated against the Macedonian king, and it was not long before matters came to an open rupture. Before the close of the year Perdiccas abandoned the Spartan alliance, and concluded peace with Athens. (Thuc. 4.82, 83, 103, 107, 124-128, 132.) But he was little disposed to enter heartily into the cause of his new allies, whom he supported so feebly as to lead to the failure of their arms in Chalcidice, and in B. C. 418 he secretly joined the new league concluded between Sparta and Argos. This led to a renewal of hostilities between him and the Athenians, but apparently without any important result. At a subsequent period we find him again in alliance with Athens, without any account of the circumstances that led to this change; but it is evident that he joined one or other of the belligerent parties according to the dictates of his own interest at the moment. (Thuc. 5.80, 83. 6.7, 7.9.) The exact date of
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