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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 419 BC or search for 419 BC in all documents.

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, succeeded his father Archidamus, B. C. 427, and reigned a little more than 28 years. In the summer of B. C. 426, he led an army of Peloponnesians and their allies as far as the isthmus, with the intention of invading Attica; but they were deterred from advancing farther by a succession of earthquakes which happened when they had got so far. (Thuc. 3.89.) In the spring of the following year he led an army into Attica, but quitted it fifteen days after he had entered it. (Thuc. 4.2, 6.) In B. C. 419, the Argives, at the instigation of Alciblades, attacked Epidaurus; and Agis with the whole force of Lacedaemon set out at the same time and marched to the frontier city, Leuctra. No one, Thucydides tells us, knew the purpose of this expedition. It was probably to make a diversion in favour of Epidaurus. (Thirlwall, vol. iii. p. 342.) At Leuctra the aspect of the sacrifices deterred him from proceeding. He therefore led his troops back, and sent round notice to the allies to be ready for a
† *(Ippei=s, Knights or Horsemen. (Lenaea.) The first play produced in the name of Aristophanes himself. First prize; second Cratinus. 423. † Clouds (e)n a)/stei). First prize, Cratinus; second Ameipsias. 422. † Wasps. (Lenaea.) Second prize. *Ghra=s (?) (e)n a)/stei), according to the probable conjecture of Süvern. (Essay on the *Ghra=s, translated by Mr. Hamilton.) Clouds (second edition), failed in obtaining a prize. But Ranke places this B. C. 411, and the whole subject is very uncertain. 419. † Peace (e)n a)/stei). Second prize; Eupolis first. 414. Amphiaraus. (Lenaea.) Second prize. † Birds (e)n a)/stei), second prize; Ameipsias first; Phrynichus third. Second campaign in Sicily. *Gewrgoi/ (?). Exhibited in the time of Nicias. (Plut. Nic. 100.8.) 411. † Lysistrata. † Thesmophoriazusae. During the Oligarchy. 408. † First Plutus. 405. † Frogs. (Lenaea.) First prize; Phrynicus second; Plato third. Death of Sophocles. 392. † Ecclesiazusae. Corinthian war. 388. Second e
Axilla the name of a family of the Servilia gens, which is merely another form of AHALA. Axilla is a diminutive of Ala. (Comp. Cic. Orat. 45.) We have only one person of this name mentioned, namely, C. SERVILIUS Q. F. C. N. (STRUCTUS) AXILLA, consular tribune in B. C. 419 and again in 418, in the latter of which he was magister equitum to the dictator Q. Servilius Priscus Fidenas. This is the account of the Fasti Capitolini; but Livy calls the consular tribune in B. C. 418 only C. Servilius, and says that he was the son of the dictator Q. Servilius Priscus Fidenas. He also tells us that some annals related, that the magister equitum was the son of the dictator, while others called him Servilius Ahala (Axilla). (Liv. 4.45, 46.)
Horte'nsius 1. Q. Hortensius, tribunus plebis, B. C. 419. He indicted C. Sempronius, consul of the year before, for ill conduct of the Volscian war, but dropped his accusation at the instance of four of his colleagues. (Liv. 4.42; cf. V. Max. 6.5. 2.)
as a speaker in the assembly; Eupolis in the "Cities," and Plato in the Hyperbolus. Cratinus died B. C. 422, and had also named him in the "Pytine," B. C. 422. (Schol. ad Aristoph. Pac. 691.) The "Maricas " of Eupolis was acted B. C. 421, a few months after the death of Cleon, and just before the peace of Nicias; and to the ensuing period, in which Hyperbolus was struggling for the demagogic throne of Cleon, most of the other plays may be referred. Aristophanes recurs to him in the Peace, B. C. 419, and calls him there "the present master of the stone in the Pnyx," but only for lack of a better, and presently promises to celebrate the arrival of " Peace" by driving him out. (Pax, 681, 921, 1320. Compare further Thesmoph. 847, Ran. 577. and Schol. ad Plut. 1037, Equit. 851.) The influence of Nicias and Alcibiades seems to have been too great to leave much room for Hyperboius: indeed he was, it would seem, quite inferior in ability to Cleon. In the hope of getting rid of one at least
Lana'tus 5. AGRIPPA MENENIUS AGRIPPAE N. LANATUS, T. F., a brother of No. 4, was consul in B. C. 439, with T. Quintius Capitolinus Barbatus; but they had little to do with the government, as T. Quintius was forced to nominate Cincinnatus as dictator, in order to crush Sp. Maelius. Lanatus was one of the consular tribunes in B. C. 419, and a second time in 417. (Liv. 4.13, 44, 47; Diod. 12.37, 13.7.)
Mela'nthius (*Mela/nqios), an Athenian tragic poet, who seems to have been of some distinction in his day, but of whom little is now known beyond the attacks made on him by the conic poets. Eupolis, Aristophanes, Pherecrates. Leucon, and Plato, satirized him unmercifully; and it is remarkable that he was attacked in all the three comedies which gained the first three places in the dramatic contest of B. C. 419, namely, the *Ko/lakes of Eupolis, the *Ei)rh/nh of Aristophanes, and the *Fra/tores of Leucon (Athen. 8.343; schol. ad Arisloph. Pac. 804). He is again attacked by Aristophanes in the *)/Orniqes, B. C. 414. In addition to these indications of his date, we are informed of a remark made by him upon the tragedies of Diogenes Oenomaus, who flourished about B. C. 400 (Plut. de Aud. p. 41c.). The story of his living at the court of Alexander of Pherae, who began to reign B. C. 369, is not very probable, considering the notoriety which he had acquired fifty years earlier, and yet the
Postu'mia 1. A Vestal virgin, accused of incest in B. C. 419, in consequence of the elegance of her dress and the freedom of her remarks, but acquitted, with an admonition to be more careful in her conduct for the future. (Liv. 4.44.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ru'tilus, Nau'tius 4. SP. NAUTILUS SP. F. SP. N. RUTILUS, three times consular tribune, namely in B. C. 419, 416, 404. Livy says that Rutilus held the office a second time in 404, but the Capitoline Fasti make it a third time; and this is more consistent with Livy's own account, who had mentioned previously two tribunates of Rutilus. (Liv. 4.44, 47, 61; Fasti Capit.)
Tricipti'nus 6. P. Lucretius Hosti F. Triciptinus, son of No. 4, consular tribune in B. C. 419, and a second time in 417. (Liv. 4.44. 47.)