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treating fire on the one hand by itself, and the elements opposed to it—earth, air and water—on the other, as a single nature.Cf. 3.14. This can be seen from a study of his writings.e.g. Empedocles, Fr. 62 (Diels).Such, then, as I say, is his account of the nature and number of the first principles.Leucippus,Of Miletus; fl. circa 440 (?) B.C. See Burnet, E.G.P. 171 ff. however, and his disciple DemocritusOf Abdera; fl. circa 420 B.C. E.G.P loc. cit. hold that the elements are the Full and the Void—calling the one "what is" and the other "what is not." Of these they identify the full or solid with "what is," and the void or rare with "what is not" (hence they hold that what is not is no less real than what is,For the probable connection between the Atomists and the Eleatics see E.G.P. 173, 175, and cf. De Gen. et Corr. 324b 35-325a 32. because Void is as real as Body); and they say that t<
420 B.C.When Astyphilus was archon in Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Lucius Quinctius and Aulus Sempronius, and the Eleians celebrated the Ninetieth Olympiad, that in which Hyperbius of Syracuse won the "stadion." This year the Athenians, in obedience to a certain oracle, returned their island to the Delians, and the Delians who were dwelling in AdramytiumCp. chap. 73.1. returned to their native land. And since the Athenians had not returned the city of Pylos to the Lacedaemonians, these cities were again at odds with each other and hostile. When this was known to the Assembly of the Argives, that body persuaded the Athenians to close a treaty of friendship with the Argives. And since the quarrel kept growing, the Lacedaemonians persuaded the Corinthians to desert the league of statesSee chap. 75 at end. and ally themselves with the Lacedaemonians. Such being the confusion that had arisen together with a lack of
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXIII. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF METALS., CHAP. 24.—THE FIRST STATUES OF GOLD. (search)
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXIV. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF METALS., CHAP. 19.—AN ACCOUNT OF THE MOST CELEBRATED WORKS IN BRASS, AND OF THE ARTISTS, 366 IN NUMBER. (search)
dida/skei, verb agreeing with nearest subject: cp. Ant. 830, 1133: [Xen.] Resp. Athen. (circ. 420 B.C.) 1 § 2 dikai/ws au)to/qi kai\ oi( pe/nhtes kai\ o( dh=mos ple/on e)/xei: Plat. Symp. 190C ai( timai\ ga\r au)toi=s kai\ i(era\ ta\ para\ tw=n a)nqrw/pwn h)fani/zeto: Cic. Ad Att. 9. 10, 2 "nihil libri, nihil litterae, nihil doctrina prodest." tri/ton, as completing the lucky number: Ai. 1174 ko/mas e)ma\s kai\ th=sde kai\ sautou= tri/tou: O. T. 581 (where see n.).