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h were contained in the *Daitalei/s of Aristophanes (acted B. C. 427) it appears that he had already spoken there. (For the story connected with his first appearance in the assembly, see Plutarch, Plut. Alc. 10.) At some period or other before B. C. 420, he had carried a decree for increasing the tribute paid by the subject allies of Athens, and by his management it was raised to double the amount fixed by Aristeides. After the death of Cleon there was no rival able at all to cope with Alcibiars taken in Sphacteria; but in the negotiations which ended in the peace of 421, the Spartans preferred employing the intervention of Nicias and Laches. Incensed at this slight, Alcibiades threw all his influence into the opposite scale, and in B. C. 420, after tricking the Spartan ambassadors who had come for the purpose of thwarting his plans, brought about an alliance with Argos, Elis, and Mantineia. In 419 he was chosen Strategos, and at the head of a small Athenian force marched into Pelop
Argolis, and dedicated in the temple of Apollo at Delphi. (Paus. 10.10.3.) The names of these two artists occur together likewise on the pedestal of a statue found at Delphi, which had been erected in honour of a citizen ot Orchomenus, who had been a victor probably in the Pythian games. (Böckh, Corp. Inscr. 25.) We learn from this inscription that they were both Thebans. Pliny says (34.8. s. 19), that Hypatodorus lived about O1. 102. The above-mentioned inscription was doubtless earlier than Ol. 104, when Orchomenos was destroyed by the Thebans. The battle mentioned by Pausanias was probably some skirmish in the war which followed the treaty between the Athenians and Argives, which was brought about by Alcibiades, B. C. 420. It appears therefore that Aristogeiton and Hypatodorus lived in the latter part of the fifth and the early part of the fourth centuries B. C. Böckh attempts to shew that Aristogeiton was the son of Hypatodorus, but his arguments are not very convincing. [C.P.
Ca'ntharus (*Ka/nqaros), a statuary and embosser of Sicyon, the son of Alexis and pupil of Eutychides. (Paus. 6.3.3.) According to Pliny (H. A. 34.8. s. 19), there flourished an artist Eutychides about B. C. 300. If this was the teacher of Cantharus, as is probable, his father Alexis cannot have been the artist of that name who is reckoned by Pliny (l.c.) amongst the pupils of the older Polycletus, for this Polycletus was already an old man at B. C. 420. Cantharus, therefore, flourished about B. C. 268. He seems to have excelled in athletes. (Paus. 6.3.3, 6.17.5.) [W.
Canuleius 2. M. Canuleius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 420, accused C. Sempronius Atratinus, who had been consul in B. C. 423, on account of his misconduct in the Volscian war. [ATRATINUS, No. 5.] Canuleius and his colleagues introduced in the senate this year the subject of an assignment of the public land. (Liv. 4.44.)
Cephisodo'rus an illustrious painter mentioned by Pliny (35.9. s. 36.1), together with Aglaophon, Phrylus, and Evenor, the father of Parrhasius, under the 90th Olympiad (B. C. 420), at which date, the end of the Archidamian war, Pliny's authorities made a stop and enumerated the distinguished men of the age. (Heyne, Antiq. Aufsätze, i. p. 220.) At least, this reason for the date of Pliny seems more probable than the victories of Alcibiades in the Olympian and other games which were celebrated by Aglaophon. (AGLAOPHON; and Böttiger, Archäologie der Malerei, p. 269.) [L
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Democopus Myrilla was the architect of the theatre at Syracuse, about B. C. 420. (Eustath. ad Hom. Od. 3.68.) [P.S]
Eve'nor a distinguished painter, was the father and teacher of PARRHASIUS. (Plin. Nat. 35.9. s. 36. § I; Suid., Harpocr., Phot., s. v.) He flourished about B. C. 420. [P.S
rtunes of the Spartans at Pylos in B. C. 425." This is certainly possible ; and, if it is the case, we may fix the refresentation the play in B. C. 424. Heracleidae. Heracleidae. Müller refers it, by conjecture, to, B. C. 421. Supplices. Supplices. This also he refers, by conjecture, to about the same period. Ion, Ion, of uncertain date. Hercules Furens, Hercules Furens, of uncertain date. Andromache, Andromache, referred by Müller, on conjecture, to the 90th Olympiad. (B. C. 420-417.) Troades. Troades. B. C. 415. Electra, Electra, assigned by Müller, on conjecture and from internal evidence, to the period of the Sicilian expedition. (B. C. 415-413.) Helena. Helena. B. C. 412, in the same year with the lost play of the Andromeda. (Schol. ad Arist. Thesm. 1012.) Iphigeneia at Tauri. Iphigeneia at Tauri. Date uncertain. Orestes. Orestes. B. C. 408. Phoenissae. Phoenissae. The exact date is not known; but the play was one of the last exhibited
Isaeus (*)Isai=os). 1. One of the ten Attic orators, whose orations were contained in the Alexandrian canon. The time of his birth and death is unknown, but all accounts agree in the statement that he flourished (h)/kmase) during the period between the Peloponnesian war and the accession of Philip of Macedonia, so that he lived between B. C. 420 and 348. (Dionys. Isaeus, 1; Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 839; Anonym. ge/nos *)Isai/ou.) He was a son of Diagoras, and was born at Chalcis or, as some say, at Athens, probably only because he came to Athens at an early age, and spent the greater part of his life there. He was instructed in oratory by Lysias and Isocrates (Phot. Bibl. Cod. 263; Dionys. Plut. Il. cc.) He was afterwards engaged in writing judicial orations for others, and established a rhetorical school at Athens, in which Demosthenes is said to have been his pupil. Suidas states that Isaeus instructed him gratis, whereas Plutarch relates that he received 10,000 drachmas (comp. Plu
Leo or LEON 4. One of the three ambassadors sent from Sparta to dissuade the Athenians from the alliance with Argos, in B. C. 420. (Thuc. 5.44.) It seems doubtful whether we should identify him with the father of Antalcidas (Plut. Art. 21), and again with the ephor e)pw/numos in the fourteenth year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 418 (Xen. Hell. 2.3.10), and also with the Leon who was sent out with Antisthenes, in B. C. 412, as e)piba/ths (whatever that may mean), and was appointed on the death of Pedaritus to succeed him in the command. (Thuc. 8.39, 61; comp. Arnold and Goeller, ad loc.) The father of Pedaritus (Thuc. 8.28) was probably a different person, though Krueger thinks he was the same with the officer of Antisthenes and was appointed to succeed his son.
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