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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 26 26 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 429 BC or search for 429 BC in all documents.

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Alcibi'ades (*)Alkibia/dhs), the son of Cleinias, was born at Athens about B. C. 450, or a little earlier. His father fell at Coroneia B. C. 447, leaving Alcibiades and a younger son. (Plat. Protag. p. 320a.) The last campaign of the war with Potidaea was in B. C. 429. Now as Alcibiades served in this war, and the young Athenians were not sent out on foreign military service before they had attained their 20th year, he could not have been born later than B. C. 449. If he served in the first campaign (B. C. 432), he must have been at least five years old at the time of his father's death. Nepos (Alcib. 10) says he was about forty years old at the time of his death (B. C. 404), and his mistake has been copied by Mitford. Alcibiades was connected by birth with the noblest families of Athens. Through his father he traced his descent from Eurysaces, the son of Ajax (Plat. Alcib. I. p. 121), and through him from Aeacus and Zeus. His mother, Deinomache, was the daughter of Megacles, the
Tellis, the most distinguished Spartan in the first part of the Peloponnesian war, signalized himself in its first year (B. C. 431) by throwing a hundred men into Methone, while besieged by the Athenians in their first ravage of the Peloponnesian coast. For this exploit, which saved the place, he received, the first in the war, public commendation at Sparta; and perhaps in consequence of this it is we find him in September appointed Ephor Eponymus. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.10.) His next employment (B. C. 429) is as one of the three counsellors sent to assist Cnemus, after his first defeat by Phormion ; and his name is also mentioned after the second defeat in the attempt to surprise the Peiraeeus, and we may not improbably ascribe to him the attempt, and its failure to his colleagues. In 427 he was united in the same, but a subordinate, capacity, with Alcidas, the new admiral, on his return from his Ionian voyage; and accompanying him to Corcyra he was reported, Thucydides tells us, to have va
t mentioned by any of the ancient authors. It is certain, however, that he was a contemporary of Phidias, for he executed a statue of Apollo Alexicacos, who was believed to have stopped the plague at Athens. (Paus. 1.3.3.) Besides he worked at a chariot, which Dinomenes, the son of Hiero, caused to be made by Onatas in memory of his father's victory at Olympia. (Paus. 6.12.1, 8.42.4.) This chariot was consecrated by Dinomenes after Hiero's death (B. C. 467), and the plague at Athens ceased B. C. 429. The 38 years between these two dates may therefore safely be taken as the time in which Calamis flourished. (Sillig, Cat. Art. s. v.) Calamis was one of the most diligent artists of all antiquity. He wrought statues in bronze, stone, gold, and ivory, and was, moreover, a celebrated embosser. (Plin. Nat. 33.12. s. 15, 36.4. s. 3.) Besides the Apollo Alexicacos, which was of metal(Sillig, Cat. Art. p. 117), there existed a marble statue of Apollo in the Servilian gardens in Rome (Plin. Nat.
Cnemus (*Knh=mos), the Spartan high admiral (naua/rxos) in the second year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 430, made a descent upon Zacynthus with 1000 Lacedaemonian hoplites; but, after ravaging the island, was obliged to retire without reducing it to submission. Cnemus was continued in his office of admiral next year, though the regular term, at least a few years subsequently, was only one year. In the second year of his command (B. C. 429), he was sent with 1000 hoplites again to co-operate with the Ambracians, who wished to subdue Acarnania and to revolt from Athens. He put himself at the head of the Ambracians and their barbarian allies, invaded Acarnania, and penetrated to Stratus, the chief town of the country. But here his barbarian allies were defeated by the Ambracians, and he was obliged to abandon the expedition altogether. Meantime the Peloponnesian fleet, which was intended to co-operate with the land forces, had been defeated by Phormio with a far smaller number of shi
Eu'polis (*Eu)/polis), son of Sosipolis, an Athenian comic poet of the old comedy, and one of the three who are distinguished by Horace, in his well-known line, Eupolis, atque Cratinus, Aristophanesque poetae above all the alii quorum prisca comoedia virorum est a judgment which is confirmed by all we know of the works of the Attic comoedians. Eupolis is said to have exhibited his first drama in the fourth year of the 87th Olympiad, B. C. 429/8, two years before Aristophanes, who was nearly of the same age as Eupolis. (Anon. de (Com p. xxix.; Cyrill. c. Julian. i. p. 13b.; Syncell. Chron. p. 257c.) According to Suidas (s. v.), Eupolis was then only in the seventeenth year of his age; he was therefore born in B. C. 446/5. (Respecting the supposed legal minimum of the age at which a person could produce a drama on the stage, see Clinton, Fast. Hell. vol. ii. Introd. pp. lvi.--lviii.) The date of his death cannot be so easily fixed. The common story was, that Alcibiades, when sailing
Eupo'mpidas (*Eu)pompi/das), son of Daimachus, one of the commanders in Plataea during its siege by the Lacedaemonians, B. C. 429-8. He with Theaenetus, a prophet, in the winter following this second year, devised the celebrated plan for passing the lines of circumvallation, which, originally intended for the whole number of the besieged, was in the end successfully executed by 212 of them, under the guidance of the same two leaders. (Thuc. 3.20-23.) [A.H.
hylus, if we may believe an anecdote related by Plutarch (De Profect. in Virt. 8, p. 79), but he did not come forward as a tragedian till after that poet's death. We also learn from Ion himself (in his e)pidhui/ai, apud Aih. xiii. p. 603e.) that he met Sophocles at Chios, when the latter was commander of the expedition against Samos, B. C. 440. His first tragedy was brought out in the 82d Olympiad (B. C. 452); he is mentioned as third in competition with Euripides and Iophon, in Ol. 87, 4 (B. C. 429-428); and he died before B. C. 421, as appears from the Peace of Aristophanes (830), which was brought out in that year. Only one victory of Ion's is mentioned, on which occasion, it is said, having gained the dithyrambic and tragic prizes at the same time. he presented every Athenian with a pitcher of Chian wine. (Schol. ad Aristoph. l.c. ; Suid. s. v. *)Aqh/naios; Ath. i. p. 3f.; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1454, 24.) Hence it would seem that he was a man of considerable wealth. Works Traged
Ni'cias (*Niki/as), historical. 1. A native of Gortyn, in Crete. He was connected with the Athenians by the ties of proxenia, and it was at his request that the reinforcements sent to Phormion, when engaged on the west of Greece in B. C. 429, were ordered to stop on their way at Crete, to attack Cydonia. (Thuc. 2.85
Pa'ralus (*Pa/ralos). 1. The younger of the two legitimate sons of Pericles. He and his brother were educated by their fattier with the greatest care, but they both appear to have been of inferior capacity, which was anything but copensated by worth of character, though Paralus seems to have been a somewhat more hopeful youth than his brother. Both of them got the nickname of *Blittoma/mmas. Both Xanthippus and Paralus fell victims to the plague B. C. 429. (Plnt. Pericl. 24, 36, de Consolat. p. 118e.; Plat. Aleib. i. p. 118e., with the scholiast on the passage, Protag. p. 319e.; Athen. 11.505, 506
strateu/eto. of Eupolis, which thus speaks of him, -- *Pei/sandros ei)s *Paktwlo\n e)strateu/eto, *Ka)ntau=qa th=s stratia=s ka/kistos h)=n a)nh/r, -- his expedition to the Pactolus has indeed been explained as an allusion to his peculating propensities ; but others, by an ingenious conjecture, would substitute *Spa/rtwlon for *Paktwlo\n, and would understand the passage as an attack on him for cowardice in the unsuccessful campaign of the Athenians against the revolted Chalcidians, in B. C. 429 (Thuc. 2.79; comp. Meineke, Fragm. Com. Graec.. vol. i. p. 177, ii. pp. 435, 436). It further appears, from a notice of him in the Symposium of Xeniophon (2.14), that in B. C. 422 he shrunk pusillanimously from serving in the expedition to Macedonia under Cleon (Thuc 5.2). If for this he was brought to trial on an a)stratei/as grafh/, of which, however, we have no evidence, it is possible, us Meineke suggests (Fragm. Com. Graec. vol. i. p. 178; comp vol. ii. pp 501, 502), that the circumst
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