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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 5 5 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Lysias, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 430 BC or search for 430 BC in all documents.

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Acron (*)/Akrwn), an eminent physician of Agrigentum, the son of Xenon. His exact date is not known; but, as he is mentioned as being contemporary with Empedocles, who died about the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, he must have lived in the fifth century before Christ. From Sicily he went to Athens, and there opened a philosophical school (e)sofi/steuen). It is said that he was in that city during the great plague (B. C. 430), and that large fires for the purpose of purifying the air were kindled in the streets by his direction, which proved of great service to several of the sick. (Plut. De Is. et Osir. 80 ; Oribas. Synops. 6.24, p. 97; Aetius, tetrab. ii. serm. 1.94, p. 223; Paul Aegin. 2.35, p. 406.) It should however be borne in mind that there is no mention of this in Thucydides (2.49, &c.), and, if it is true that Empedocles or Simonides (who died B. C. 467) wrote the epitaph on Acron, it may be doubted whether he was in Athens at the time of the plague. Upon his return to
Aneristus (*)Anh/ristos), the son of Sperthias, a Lacedaemonian ambassador, who was sent at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 430, to solicit the aid of the king of Persia. He was surrendered by the Athenians, together with the other ambassadors who accompanied him, by Sadocus, son of Sitalces, king of Thrace, taken to Athens, and there put to death. (Hdt. 7.137; Thuc. 2.67.) The grandfather of Aneristus had the same name. (Hdt. 7.134
In the religion of the early Romans there is no trace of the worship of Apollo. The Romans became acquainted with this divinity through the Greeks, and adopted all their notions and ideas about him from the latter people. There is no doubt that the Romans knew of his worship among the Greeks at a very early time, and tradition says that they consulted his oracle at Delphi even before the expulsion of the kings. But the first time that we hear of the worship of Apollo at Rome is in the year B. C. 430, when, for the purpose of averting a plague, a temple was raised to him, and soon after dedicated by the consul, C. Julius. (Liv. 4.25, 29.) A second temple was built to him in the year B. C. 350. One of these two (it is not certain which) stood outside the porta Capena. During the second Punic war, in B. C. 212, the ludi Apollinares were instituted in honour of Apollo. (Liv. 25.12; Macr. 1.17; Dict. of Ant. s. v. Ludi Apollinares; comp. Ludi Sweculares.) The worship of this divinity, howe
and with it on returning from the pursuit he found himself cut off, but byy a bold course made his way with slight loss into the town. This was now blockaded, and Aristeus, seeing no hope, bid them leave himself with a garrison of 500, and the rest make their way to sea. This escape was effected, and he himself induced to join in it; after which he was occupied in petty warfare in Chalcidice, and negotiations for aid from Peloponnesus. Finally, not long before the surrender of Potidaea, in the second year of the war, B. C. 430, he set out with other ambassadors from Peloponnesus for the court of Persia; but visiting Sitalces the Odrysian in their way, they were given to Athenian ambassadors there by Sadocus, his son, and sent to Athens; and at Athens, partly from fear of the energy and ability of Aristeus, partly in retaliation for the cruelties practised by Sparta, he was immediately put to death. (Thuc. 1.60-65, 2.67 ; Hdt. 7.137; Thirlwall's Greece, iii. pp. 102-4, 162, 3.) [A.H.C]
Cnemus (*Knh=mos), the Spartan high admiral (naua/rxos) in the second year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 430, made a descent upon Zacynthus with 1000 Lacedaemonian hoplites; but, after ravaging the island, was obliged to retire without reducing it to submission. Cnemus was continued in his office of admiral next year, though the regular term, at least a few years subsequently, was only one year. In the second year of his command (B. C. 429), he was sent with 1000 hoplites again to co-operate with the Ambracians, who wished to subdue Acarnania and to revolt from Athens. He put himself at the head of the Ambracians and their barbarian allies, invaded Acarnania, and penetrated to Stratus, the chief town of the country. But here his barbarian allies were defeated by the Ambracians, and he was obliged to abandon the expedition altogether. Meantime the Peloponnesian fleet, which was intended to co-operate with the land forces, had been defeated by Phormio with a far smaller number of shi
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Papi'rius 3. C. Papirius Crassus was consul in B. C. 430 with L. Julius Julus. These consuls discovered, by treacherous means, that the tribunes of the people intended to bring forward a bill on the aestimatio multarum, and in order to anticipate the favour which the tribunes thereby were likely to gain with the people, the consuls themselves proposed and carried the law. (Liv. 4.30; Cic. de Re Publ. 2.35; Diod. 12.72.)
ted, and the town had revolted, and by the victory won over Cleon by Brasidas, B. C. 422, had had its independence secured, the Amphipolitans destroyed every memorial of the kind, and gave the name of founder, and paid the founder's honours to Brasidas. (Thuc. 5.11.) It is probably this same Hagnon who in the Samian war, B. C. 440, led, with Thuevdides and Phormion, a reinforcement of forty ships to Pericles; and, without question, it is he who in the second year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 430, was on the board of generals, and succeeding, with Cleopompus, to the command of the force which Pericles had used on the coast of Peloponnesus, conveyed it, and with it the infection of the plague to the lines of Potidaea. After losing by its ravages 1500 out of 4000 men, Hagnon returned. (Thuc 2.58.) We hear of him again in the same quarter, as accompanying Odryses in his great invasion. (Thuc. 2.95.) It may be a question whether or not it is the same Hagnon again, who is named as the
Julus 5. L. Julius, VOP. F. C. N., JULUS, son of No. 3, one of the three consular tribunes in B. C. 438. (Liv. 4.16; Diod. 12.38.) He was magister equitum in B. C. 431 to the dictator, A. Postumius Tubertus, who left him and the consul for the year, C. Julius Mento, in charge of the city, while he marched against the Aequians and Volscians. (Liv. 4.26, 27; Diod. 12.64, who places the dictatorship in the preceding year.) In the following year, B. C. 430, L. Julius (erroneously called by Cicero C. Julius) was consul with C. Papirius Crassus. Having learnt from the treachery of one of the tribunes, that the latter intended to bring forward a law which was much wished for by the people, imposing a pecuniary fine instead of the one in cattle, which had been fixed by the Aternia Tarpeia lex., B. C. 454, the consuls anticipated their purpose, and proposed a law by which a small sum of money was to be paid in place of each head of cattle (multarum aestimatio). This law was occasioned, accord
Manti'theus (*Manti/qeos), an Athenian, is mentioned by Xenophon (Xenoph. Hell. 1.1.10), as having been taken prisoner in Caria, but by whom, and on what occasion, does not appear, unless it was (according to the suggestion of Weiske) in the unsuccessful expedition of the Athenians to Caria and Lycia, under Melesander, in B. C. 430. (Thuc. 2.69.) Mantitheus was the companion of Alcibiades in his escape, in B. C. 411, from Sardis, where Tissaphernes had confined him (Xen. l.c. ; Plut. Alc. 27, 28). In B. C. 408 he was one of the ambassadors sent from Athens to Dareius; but he and his colleagues were delivered, on their way through Asia Minor, by Pharnabazus to Cyrus, who had come down with instructions from his father to aid the Lacedaemonians; and it was three years before they were released. (Xen. Hell. 1.3.13, 4.4-7.) [E.
Nicola'us 2. Son of Bulis, was associated with Aneristus in his embassy to Persia, in B. C. 430, and, together with him, was put to death by the Athenians. [ANERISTUS.]
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