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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Metaphysics 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 441 BC or search for 441 BC in all documents.

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A'rtemon 4. A LACEDAEMONIAN, who built the military engines for Pericles in his war against Samos in B. C. 441. (Plut. Per. 27; Diod. 12.28; Schol. ad Aristoph. Acharn. 802.) There was a celebrated statue of this Artemon made by Polycletus. (Plin. Nat. 34.19.2.) Servius (Serv. ad Aen. 9.505) confounds him with Artemon of Clazomenae.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Papi'rius 1. M'. Papirius Crassus was consul in B. C. 441 with C. Furius Pacilus. (L; r. 4.12; Diod. 12.35.)
o agree with his critics in admitting that the extracts were remnants of the extracts of Constantine Porphyrogenitus from the *(rwmai+kh\ *)Arxaiologi/a. Respecting their value, see Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, ii. p. 419, note 916, iii. p. 524, note 934, Lectures on Rom. Hist. i. p. 47. Dionysius treated the early history of Rome with a minuteness which raises a suspicion as to his judgment on historical and mythical matters, and the eleven books extant do not carry the history beyond the year B. C. 441, so that the eleventh book breaks off very soon after the decemviral legislation. This peculiar minuteness in the early history, however, was in a great measure the consequence of the object he had proposed to himself, and which, as he himself states. was to remove the erroneous notions which the Greeks entertained with regard to Rome's greatness and to shew that Rome had not become great by accident or mere good fortune, but by the virtue and wisdom of the Romans themselves. With this ob
warrantably concluded by Hartung (p. 6, &c.), who ascribes also to the same date the composition of the Veiled Hippolytus. The representation of the Peliades, the first play of Euripides which was acted, at least in his own name, took place in B. C. 455. This statement rests on the authority of his anonymous life, edited by Elmsley from a MS. in the Ambrosian library, and compared with that by Thomas Magister; and it is confirmed by the life in the MSS. of Paris, Vienna, and Copenhagen. In B. C. 441, Euripides gained for the first time the first prize, and he continued to exhibit plays until B. C. 408, the date of the Orestes. (See Clinton, sub annis.) Soon after this he left Athens for the court of ARCHELAUS, king of Macedonia, his reasons for which step can only be matter of conjecture. Traditionary scandal has ascribed it to his disgust at the intrigue of his wife with Cephisophon, and the ridicule which was showered upon him in consequence by the comic poets. But the whole story i
Pa'cilus 1. C. Frius Pacilus Fusus, consul B. C. 441 with M'. Papirius Crassus (Liv. 4.12). He was censor B. C. 435 with M. Geganius Macerinus : the events of his censorship are given under MACERINUS, No. 3. (Liv. 4.22, 24, 9.33, 34.) He was one of the consular tribunes in. B. C. 426, and was unsuccessful in a battle against the Veientines (Liv. 4.31).
ubject of the drama was the institution of the Eleusinian mysteries, and the establishment of the worship of Demeter at Athens by Triptolemus. From this epoch there can be no doubt that Sophocles held the supremacy of the Athenian stage (except in so far as it was shared by Aeschylus during the short period between his return to Athens and his final retirement to Sicily), until a formidable rival arose in the person of Euripides, who gained the first prize for the first time in the year B. C. 441. We possess, however, no particulars of the poet's life during this period of twentyeight years. The year B. C. 440 (Ol. 84, 4) is a most important era in the poet's life. In the spring of that year, most probably, he brought out the earliest and one of the best of his extant dramas, the Antigone, a play which gave the Athenians such satisfaction, especially on account of the political wisdom it displayed, that they appointed him one of the ten strategi, of whom Pericles was the chief, i