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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK V., CHAPTER IV. (search)
Pæstum. The city of Posidonia, which is built about the middle
of the gulf, is called Pæstum.Pesti. The Sybarites [when they
founded the cityThis city must have been founded nearly 540 years B. C., for Herodotus says that the Phocæans were chiefly induced to settle on the shores
of Ænotria by the advice of a citizen of Posidonia, and they founded
Velia in the reign of Cyrus. B. i. 164.] built the fortifications close upon the sea,
but the inhabitants removed higher up. In after time442 B. C. the
Leucani seized upon the city, but in their turn were deprived
of it by the Romans.B. C. 274. It is rendered unhealthy by a riverApparently the Fiume Salso.
which overflows the marshy districts in the neighbourhood.
Between the Sirenusse and PosidoniaPesti. is Marcina,Vietri. a city
founded by the Tyrrheni, but inhabited by the Samnites.
[To go] from thence into Pompæa,Pompeii. through Nuceria,Nocera. [you
cross] an isthmus of not more than 120 stadia. The Picentes