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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 21-22 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 442 BC or search for 442 BC in all documents.

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Aebu'tia Gens contained two families, the names of which are CARUS and ELVA. The former was plebeian, the latter patrician; but the gens was originally patrician. Cornicen does not seem to have been a family-name, but only a surname given to Postumus Aebutius Elva, who was consul in B. C. 442. This gens was distinguished in the early ages, but from the time of the above-mentioned Aebutius Elva, no patrician member of it held any curule office till the praetorship of M. Aebutius Elva in B. C. 176. It is doubtful to which of the family P. Aebutius belonged, who disclosed to the consul the existence of the Bacchanalia at Rome, and was rewarded by the senate in consequence, B. C. 186. (Liv. 39.9, 11, 19.)
CO'RNICEN a " horn-blower," an agnomen of Postumus Aebutius Elva, consul B. C. 442 [ELVA], and a cognomen of the Oppia gens. Cicero uses the form Cornicinus. [See No. 2.]
Elva 3. POSTUMUS AEBUTIUS ELVA CORNICEN, consul with M. Fabius Vibulanus in B. C. 442, in which year a colony was founded at Ardea, and magister equitum to the dictator Q. Servilius Priscus Structus in B. C. 435. (Liv. 4.11, 21; Diod. 12.34.)
Elva 4. M. Aebutius Elva, one of the triumviri for founding the colony at Ardea in B. C. 442. (Liv. 4.11.)
Pha'rnaces 3. Son of Pharnabazus, appears to have been satrap of the provinces of Asia near the Hellespont, as early as B. C. 430. (Thuc. 2.67.) He is subsequently mentioned as assigning Adramyttinm for a place of settlement to the Delians, who had been expelled by the Athenians from their native island, B. C. 442. (Id. 5.1; Diod. 12.73.)
he year of his birth is likewise a disputed point. He was born, as we know from his own testimony (Fragm. 102, ed. Dissen), during the celebration of the Pythian games. Clinton places his birth in Ol. 65. 3, B. C. 518, Böckh in Ol. 64. 3, B. C. 522, but neither of these dates is certain, though the latter is perhaps the most probable. He probably died in his 80th year, though other accounts make him much younger at the time of his death. If he was born in B. C. 522, his death would fall in B. C. 442. He was in the prime of life at the battles of Marathon and Salamis, and was nearly of the same age as the poet Aeschylus; but, as K. O. Miller has well remarked, the causes which determined Pindar's poetical character are to be sought in a period previous to the Persian war, and in the Doric and Aeolic parts of Greece rather than in Athens; and thus we may separate Pindar from his contemporary Aeschylus, by placing the former at the close of the early period, the latter at the head of the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Si'culus, Cloe'lius 2. T. Cloelius Siculus, one of the first consular tribunes elected in B. C. 444. The manuscripts of Livy have Caecilius; but as Dionysius has *Ti/ton *Klu/lion *Sikelo/n, and the Caecilii were plebeians, Sigonius changed Caecilius into Cloelius, which alteration Alschefski retains in the text. In B. C. 442 Cloelius was one of the triumvirs for founding a colony at Ardea. (Dionys. A. R. 11.61, 62 ; Liv. 4.7, 11.)
Vibula'nus 5. M. Fabius Vibulanus, Q. F. M. N., eldest son of No. 4, was consul B. C. 442 with Postumus Aebutius Elva Cornicen, in which year a colony was founded at Ardea. In B. C. 437 he served as legatus of the dictator Mam. Aemilius Mamercinus in the war against the Veientes and Fidenates. In B. C. 433 he was one of the consular tribunes; and in B. C. 431 he served as legatus of the dictator A. Postumius Tubertus in the great war against the Aequians and Volscians. He lived till the capture of Rome by the Gauls, B. C. 390, where he is spoken of as pontifex maximus, and is said to have rehearsed the solemn formula, which was repeated after him by the aged senators who had resolved to await the entrance of the Gauls into the city, and who accordingly dedicated themselves to death. (Liv. 4.11; Diod. 12.34; Liv. 4.17, 19, 25 ; Diod. 12.58; Liv. 4.27, 28, 5.41.)