s of his intelligence.)AnaximenesThe third
Milesian monist; fl. circa 545
B.C. and DiogenesDiogenes of Apollonia,
an eclectic philosopher roughly contemporary with Hippo.
held that air is prior to water, and is of all corporeal elements most
truly the first principle. HippasusA Pythagorean, probably slightly junior to
Heraclitus. of Metapontum and HeraclitusFl. about 500
B.C. of Ephesus hold
this of fire; and EmpedoclesOf
earth as a fourth to those already mentioned—takes all four.
These, he says, always persist, and are only generated in respect of
multitude and paucity, according as they are combined into unity or
differentiated out of unity.Cf.
Empedocles, Fr. 17 (Diels), R.P.
166; Burnet, E.G.P. 108-109.Anaxagoras of Clazomenae—prior to Empedocles in point of
age, but posterior in his activities—says that the first
principles are infinite in number. F