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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 453 BC or search for 453 BC in all documents.

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ment (B. C. 457) a Lacedaemonian army, probably to meet the views of a violent section of the defeated party in Athens, posted itself at Tanagra. The Athenians advanced to meet it: Cimon requested permission to fight in his place; the generals in suspicion refused: he departed, begging his own friends to vindicate his character: they, in number a hundred, placed in the ensuing battle his panoply among them, and fell around it to the last man. Before five years of his exile were fully out, B. C. 453 or 454, he was recalled on the motion of Pericles himself; late reverses having inclined the people to tranquillity in Greece, and the democratic leaders perhaps being ready, in fear of more unscrupulous opponents, to make concessions to those of them who were patriotic and temperate. He was probably employed in effecting the five years' truce with Sparta which commenced in 450. In the next year he sailed out with 200 ships to Cyprus, with the view of retrieving the late mishaps in Egypt.
e are a few other fragments which evidently belong to an earlier period than the 85th Olympiad. Again, Crates the comic poet acted the plays of Cratinus before he began to write himself ; but Crates began to write in B. C. 449-448. We can therefore have no hesitation in preferring the date of Eusebius (Chron. s. a. Ol. 81. 3; Syncell. p. 339), although he is manifestly wrong in joining the name of Plato with that of Cratinus. According to this testimony, Cratinus began to exhibit in B. C. 454-453, in about the 66th year of his age. Of his personal history very little is known. His father's name was Callimedes, and he himself was taxiarch of the *Fulh/ *Oi)nh/i+s. (Suid. s. vv. *Krati=nos, *)Ereiou= deilo/teros.) In the latter passage he is charged with excessive cowardice. Of the charges which Suidas brings against the moral character of Cratinus, one is unsupported by any other testimony, though, if it had been true, it is not likely that Aristophanes would have been silent upon it
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Fistus, P. Curia'tius with the agnomen TRIGE'MINUS, consul B. C. 453, in which year the city was visited with a great pestilence (Liv. 3.32; Fasti Capit.); and one of the first decemvirate in B. C. 451. (Liv. 3.33; Dionys. A. R. 10.54.)
Phayllus 2. A Syraeusan, who was sent out by his countrymen with a fleet to repress the piracies of the Tyrrhenians, B. C. 453; but after laying waste the island of Aethalia, he suffered himself to be bribed by the enemy, and remained inactive; on which accoulit after his return to Syracuse he was condemned and driven into exile. (Diod. 11.83.)
. 477, with T. Menenius Lanatus. He was sent to carry on the war against the Volsci, but was recalled to oppose the Etruscans, who had taken possession of the Janiculum and crossed the Tiber, after gaining two victories, first over the Fabii at the Cremera, and subsequently over the consul Menenius. In the first battle, which Horatius fought with the Etruscans near the temple of Hope, neither party gained any advantage; but in the second, which took place at the Colline gate, the Romans were slightly the superior. (Liv. 2.51; Dionys. A. R. 9.18, &c.; Diod. 11.53; Gel. 17.21, where he is erroneously called Marcus instead of Caius.) Horatius was consul a second time twenty years afterwards, in B. C. 457, with Q. Minucius Esquilinus Augurinus. He carried on war against the Aequi, whom he defeated, and destroyed Corbio. He died B. C. 453, of the pestilence, which carried off many distinguished men in that year. He was one of the college of augurs. (Liv. 3.30, 32; Dionys. A. R. 10.26, &c.)
ntilii, just as those of his brother Remus were named Fabii. The Luperci, who were among the most ancient priests of Rome, were divided into two classes, one called Quintilii or Quintiliani, and the other Fabii or Fabiani. (Festus, s. vv. Quinctiliani Luperci, and Fabiani ; Ovid. Fast. 2.378). Hence it has been conjectured with much probability that this priesthood was originally confined to these gentes. (Comp. Dict. of Ant. s. v. Luperci. )But although the gens was so ancient, it never attained any historical importance, and its name is best known from the nnfortunate Quintilius Varus, who was destroyed with his whole army by the Germans in the reign of Augustus. The Quintilii obtained only one consulship and one dictatorship during the whole of the republican period, the former in B. C. 453, and the latter in B. C. 331. During the republic VARUS is the only family-name that occurs in the gens; but in the times of the empire we find one or two other cognomens, which are given below.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Trige'minus, P. Curia'tius Fistus consul B. C. 453. and one of the first decemvirate, is spoken of under FISTUS. The cognomen Trigeminus shows that he pretended to be descended from one of the three Curiatii who fought with the Horatii; and it appears from coins, a specimen of which is annexed, that some of the Curatii in later times laid claim to a similar descent. On the obverse of the coin is the head of Pallas with TRIGE (i. e. Trigeminus), and on the reverse a woman driving a quadriga with Victory standing behind her, and the legend C. CVR (C. Cariatius), and below ROMA. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 199, foll.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Varus, Quinti'lius 1. SEX. QUINTILIUS SEX. F. P. N. VARUS, consul B. C. 453 with P. Curiatius Fistus Trigeminus, died while consul of the pestilence which devastated Rome in this year. (Fasti Capit.; Liv. 2.32; Dionys. A. R. 10.53.)