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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VIII., CHAPTER IV. (search)
paration, and war, it is said, ensued. The Limnæan temple of
Diana at Sparta is said to have its name from the Limnæ here.
There were frequent wars (between the Lacedæmonians
and Messenians) on account of the revolts of the Messenians.
Tyrtæus mentions, in his poems, that their first subjugation
was in the time of their grandfathers;The first war dates from the year B. C. 743, and continued 20 years.
The second, beginning from 682 B. C., lasted 14 years; the third concluded in the year 456 B. C., with the capture of Ithome, which was the
citadel or fort of Messene. Diod. Sic. lib. xv. c. 66. the second, when in
conjunction with their allies the Eleians [Arcadians], Argives, and Pisatæ, they revolted; the leader of the Arcadians
was Aristocrates, king of Orchomenus, and of the Pisatæ,
Pantaleon, son of Omphalion. In this war, Tyrtæus says, he
himself commanded the Lacedæmonian army, for in his elegiac
poem, entitled Eunomia, he says he came from Erineum;
for Jupiter hi