e great altar of Jupiter (ara Iovis), where solemn
sacrifices were offered at the beginning of the year, at the celebration of
triumphs, and on some other occasions (Suet. Aug. 94; Zonaras viii. I;
Fest. 285). This temple became a repository of works of art of many
sorts, the gifts of Roman generals and foreigners, as well as of dedicatory
offerings and trophies of victory (see Rosch. ii. 728-730; Jord. i. 2. 16-18),
of which the earliest recorded was a golden crown presented by the
Latins in 459 (Liv. ii. 22. 6). The number of these became so great that
in 179 B.C. it was necessary to remove some of the statues and many of
the shields affixed to the columns (Liv. xl. 51. 3).
This first temple was burned to the ground on 6th July, 83 B.C.
(Cic. Cat. iii. 9; Sail. Cat. 47. 2; Tac. Hist. iii. 72; App. BC i. 83, 86;
Obseq. 57; Plut. Sulla 27; Cassiod. ad a. 671), with the statue of Jupiter
(Plut. de Iside 71 ; cf. Ov. Fast. i. 201), and the Sibylline books that had
been kept in a stone