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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 119 119 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 76 76 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 20 20 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 10 10 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 9 9 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 6 6 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
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anius recommended an immediate return to Italy, especially as Pompey was master of the sea; but this advice was overruled, and the battle of Pharsalia followed, B. C. 48, in which Afranius had the charge of the camp. (Appian, App. BC 2.65, 76; Plut. Pomp. 66; D. C. 41.52; Vel. Pat. 2.52.) As Afranius was one of those who could not hope for pardon, he fled to Africa, and joined the Pompeian army under Cato and Scipio. (D. C. 42.10.) After the defeat of the Pompeians at the battle of Thapsus, B. C. 46, at which he was present, he attempted to fly into Mauritania with Faustus Sulla and about 1500 horsemen, but was taken prisoner by P. Sittius, and killed a few days afterwards, according to some accounts, in a sedition of the soldiers, and according to others, by the command of Caesar. (Hirt. Bell. Afric. 95; Suet. (Caes. 75; D. C. 43.12; Florus, 4.2.90; Liv. Epit. 114; Aur. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 78.) Afranius seems to have had some talent for war, but little for civil affairs. Dio Cassius
ter himself was appointed procurator of Judaea. (J. AJ 14.5. §§ 1, 2, 6. §§ 2-4, 8, Bell. Jud. 1.8. §§ 1, 3, 7, 9. §§ 3-5.) After Caesar had left Syria to go against Pharnaces, Antipater set himself to provide for the quiet settlement of the country under the existing government, and appointed his sons Phasaelus and Herod to be governors respectively of Jerusalem and Galilee. (J. AJ 14.9. §§ 1, 2, Bell. Jud. 1.10.4.) His care for the peace and good order of the province was further shewn in B. C. 46, when he dissuaded Herod from his purpose of attacking Hyreanus in Jerusalem [HERODES], and again in B. C. 43 (the year after Caesar's murder), by his regulations for the collection of the tax imposed on Judaea by Cassius for the support of his troops. (Ant. 14.9.5, 11.2, Bell. Jud. 1.10.9, 11.2.) To the last-mentioned year his death is to be referred. He was carried off by poison which Malichus, whose life he had twice saved [MALICHUS], bribed the cup-bearer of Hyrcanus to administer t
Q. Apo'nius was one of the commanders of the troops which revolted, in B. C. 46, from Trebonius, Caesar's lieutenant in Spain. (D. C. 43.29.) Aponius was proscribed by the triumvirs in B. C. 43, and put to death. (Appian, App. BC 4.26.)
Arsi'noe 6. Daughter of Ptolemy XI. Auletes, escaped from Caesar, when he was besieging Alexandria in B. C. 47, and was recognized as queen by the Alexandrians, since her brother Ptolemy XII. Dionysus was in Caesar's power. After the capture of Alexandria she was carried to Rome by Caesar, and led in triumph by him in B. C. 46, on which occasion she excited the compassion of the Roman people. She was soon afterwards dismissed by Caesar, and returned to Alexandria; but her sister Cleopatra persuaded Antony to have her put to death in B. C. 41, though she had fled for refuge to the temple of Artemis Leucophryne in Miletus. (D. C. 42.39, &c., 43.19 ; Caes. Civ. 3.112, B. Alex. 4, 33; Appian, App. BC 5.9, comp. D. C. 48.24.)
C. Avie'nus tribune of the soldiers of the tenth legion, was ignominiously dismissed from the army, on account of misconduct in the African war, B. C. 46. (Hirt. B. Afr. 46.)
in the levy of troops at Capua. (Ad Att. 8.11, b.) He no doubt left Italy with the rest of his party, for we find him in the next year endeavouring to obtain money by plundering the temple of Diana in Ephesus, which he was prevented from doing only by the arrival of Caesar. (Caes. Civ. 3.105.) Balbus was one of those who was banished by Caesar; but he afterwards obtained his pardon through the intercession of his friend Cicero (comp. Cic. Fam. 13.70), who wrote him a letter on the occasion, B. C. 46. (Ad Fam. 6.12.) Balbus appears to have written some work on the history of his times; for Suetonius (Suet. Jul. 77) quotes some remarks of Caesar's from a work of T. Ampius. Balbus was also mentioned in the fourth book of Varro " De Vita Populi Romani." (Varr. Fragm. p. 249, ed. Bip.) III. Q. Antonius Balbus, plebeian, is supposed to be the same as Q. Antonius who was praetor in Sicily in B. C. 82 and was killed by L. Philippus, the legate of Sulla. (Liv. Epit. 86) The annexed coin w
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
lf had been appointed governor of Syria. He forthwith seized upon Tyre, and marched against Sextus; but being defeated by the latter, he corrupted the soldiers of his opponent, who was accordingly put to death by his own troops. On the death of Sextus, his whole army went over to Bassus, with the exception of some troops which were wintering in Apameia and which fled to Cilicia. Bassus followed them, but was unable to gain them over to his side. On his return he took the title of praetor, B. C. 46, and settled down in the strongly fortified town of Apameia, where he maintained himself for three years. He was first besieged by C. Antistius Vetus, who was, however, compelled to retire with loss, as the Arabian Alchaudonius and the Parthians came to the assistance of Bassus. It was one of the charges brought against Cicero's client, Deitoraus, that he had intended to send forces to Bassus. After the retreat of Antistius, Statius Murcus was sent against Bassus with three legions, but he
of Mauretania Tingitana, in which title he was confirmed by Julius Caesar, B. C. 49, as a reward for his adherence to him in opposition to the party of Pompey. (D. C. 41.42; comp. Cic. Fam. 10.32; Sueton. Jul. 52.) Accordingly, while Caesar was engaged with his rival in Greece, B. C. 48, we find Bogud zealously lending his aid to Cassius Longinus, Caesar's pro-praetor in further Spain, to quell the sedition in that province. (Hirt. Bell. Alex. 62.) Again, during Caesar's campaign in Africa, B. C. 46, Mauretania was invaded unsuccessfully by the young Cn. Pompey; and when Juba, the Numidian, was hastening to join his forces to those of Q. Metellus Scipio, Bogud attacked his dominions at the instigation of the Roman exile P. Sitius, and obliged him to return for their defence. (Hirt. Bell. Afric. 23, 25, comp. 100.95 ; D. C. 43.3.) In Caesar's war in Spain against Pompey's sons, B. C. 45, Bogud joined the former in person; and it was indeed by his attack on the camp of Cn. Pompey at the
Bru'ttius 1. A Roman knight, for whom Cicero wrote a letter of introduction to M'. Acilius Glabrio, proconsul in Sicily in B. C. 46. (Cic. Fam. 13.38.)
eneca (Quaest. Nat. 2.56) says, that he would have had some reputation in eloquence if he had not been thrown into the shade by Cicero. In 47 Caecina was in Asia, and was recommended by Cicero to the proconsul P. Servilius, the governor of the province (ad Fam. 13.66): from thence he crossed over to Sicily, and was again recommended by Cicero to Furfanius, the governor of Sicily. (Ad. Fam. 6.9.) From Sicily he went into Africa, and, upon the defeat of the Pompeians there in the same year, B. C. 46, surrendered to Caesar, who spared his life. (Hirt. Bell. Afr. 89.) Works Libellous work against Caesar Caecina published a libellous work against Caesar, and was in consequence compelled to go into exile after the battle of Pharsalia, B. C. 48. Querelae In order to obtain Caesar's pardon, he wrote another work entitled Querelae, which he sent to Cicero for revision. Letters In the collection of Cicero's letters there is rather a long one from Caecina to Cicero, and three of Cice
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