ation to suit their location.
Awnings of linen were first used by the Romans in the theater, when Q. Catulus dedicated the Temple of Jupiter, B. C. 69.
After this, Lentulus Spinther is said to have first introduced cotton awnings in the theater at the Apollinarian Games, July 6, B. C. 63; they were red, yellow, and iron-gray.
By and by, Caesar the Dictator covered with awnings the whole Roman Forum, and the Sacred Way, from his own house to the ascent of the Capitoline Hill; this was 46 B. C., and is said to have appeared more wonderful than the gladiatorial exhibition itself.
Afterward, without exhibiting games, Marcellus, the son of Octavia, sister of Augustus, when he was aedile and his uncle consul the eleventh time, on the day before the Kalends of August, July 31, 23 B. C., protected the Forum from the rays of the sun, that the people engaged in lawsuits might stand with less injury to their health.
Pliny says: What a change from the manners that prevailed under Cato the
ek and month, — sometimes the year also, with the phases of the moon, etc.
The Roman calendar is said to have been introduced by Romulus, 738 B. C., who divided the year into ten months, comprising 304 days; fifty days less than the lunar year, and 61 days less than the solar year.
Its commencement, therefore, did not correspond with any fixed season.
Numa Pompilius, they tell us, 713 B. C., corrected it by adding two months, and made it commence at the winter solstice.
Julius Caesar, 46 B. C., sent for Sosigenes of Alexandria, who again corrected it, making the year 365 days, 6 hours, every fourth year being leapyear.
This is denominated the Julian style, and prevailed generally throughout the Roman world.
Julius made the first day of the reformed year begin with the day of the new moon following the solstice, which day thus became the first of January.
The year of the change was called the year of confusion, owing to its containing 445 days. The Greeks left off their lunar