called mons Saturnius (Varro, LL v. 42; Solin. i. 13). According to one
story (Fest. 220, 363) the name was changed because Tatius forced
Romulus to an agreement that this gate should always be open to the
Sabines-quod semper pateret; according to another version (Polyaen.
viii. 25) the attack on the Capitoline was made by the Gauls, and the
agreement was with them. This gate is referred to by Dionysius (x. 14)
as a)/kleistai pu/lai, through which Appius Herdonius stormed the
Capitol in 460 B.C., although he confuses it with the porta Carmentalis.
Evidently it was on the Capitolium (e)pi\ pe/tras a)prosba/tou, Polyaen.
loc. cit.), not on the Arx, and presumably near the south corner and the
Tarpeian rock. In historical times it can hardly have been anything
else than a gate in the enclosure of the area Capitolina, perhaps used
principally by those who ascended and descended by the CENTUM GRADUS
(q.v.) (Jord. i. 2. 122; Gilb. i. 229-230; Richter 118; University of