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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Poetics 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Euripides, Rhesus (ed. Gilbert Murray) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 465 BC or search for 465 BC in all documents.

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Apollo'nides (*)Apollwni/dhs). 1. A Greek physician and surgeon, was born at Cos, and, like many other of his countrymen, went to the court of Persia, under Artaxerxes Longimanus, B. C. 465 --425. Here he cured Megabyzus, the king's brother-in-law, of a dangerous wound, but was afterwards engaged in a sinful and scandalous amour with his wife, Amytis, who was herself a most profligate woman. For this offence Apollonides was given up by Artaxerxes into the hands of his mother, Amestris, who tortured him for about two months, and at last, upon the death of her daughter, ordered him to be buried alive. (Ctesias, De Reb. Pers. §§ 30, 42, pp. 40, 50, ed. Li
Artaba'nus 2. An Hyrcanian, who was commander of the body-guard of king Xerxes. In B. C. 465, Artabanus, in conjunction with a eunuch, whom some call Spamitres and others Mithridates, assassinated Xerxes, with the view of setting himself upon the throne of Persia. Xerxes had three sons, Dareius, Artaxerxes, and Hystaspes, who was absent from the court as satrap of Bactria. Now as it was necessary for Artabanus to get rid of these sons also, he persuaded Artaxerxes that his brother Dareius was the murderer of his father, and stimulated hint to avenge the deed by assassinating Dareius. This was done at the earliest opportunity. Artabanus now communicated his plan of usurping the throne to his sons, and his intention to murder Artaxerxes also. When the moment for carrying this plan into effect had come, he insidiously struck Artaxerxes with his sword; but the blow only injured the prince slightly, and in the struggle which ensued Artaxerxes killed Artabanus, and thus secured the success
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Artaxerxes I. or Artaxerxes Longinmanus surnamed Longimanus (*Makro/xeir) from the circumstance of his right hand being longer than his left (Plut. Art. 1), was king of Persia for forty years, from B. C. 465 to B. C. 425. (Diod. 11.69, 12.64; Thuc. 4.50.) He ascended the throne after his father, Xerxes I., had been murdered by Artabanus, and after he himself had put to death his brother Darcius on the instigation of Artabanus. (Just. 3.1 ; Ctesias, apud Phot. Bibl. p. 40a., ed. Bekk.) His reign is characterized by Plutarch and Diodorus (11.71) as wise and temperate, but it was disturbed by several dangerous insurrections of the satraps. At the time of his accession his only surviving brother Hystaspes was satrap of Bactria, and Artaxerxes had scarcely punished Artabanus and his associates, before Hystaspes attempted to make himself independent. After putting down this insurrection and deposing several other satraps who refused to obey his commands, Artaxerxes turned his attention to
tullian (de Anim. 46) as prior to Herodotus, and is said by Suidas (s. v.) according to the common reading, to have flourished (geno/menos) in the time of Dareius Hystaspis, in the 79th Olympiad (B. C. 464); but, as Dareius died in B. C. 485, it has been proposed to read cq/ for oq/ in Suidas, thus placing the date of Charon in Ol. 69 or B. C. 504. He lived, however, as late as B. C. 464, for he is referred to by Plutarch (Plut. Them. 27) as mentioning the flight of Themistocles to Asia in B. C. 465. Works We find the following list of his works in Suidas : 1. *Ai)qiopika/ 2. *Persika/. 3. *(Ellhnika/. 4. *Peri\ *Lamya/kou. 5. *Libuka/. 6. *(/Oroi *Lamyakhnw=n, a work quoted by Athenaeus Athen. 11.475c., where Schweighaeuser proposes to substitute w(=roi comp. Diod. 1.26, thus making its subject to be the annals of Lampsacus. 7. *Pruta/neis h)\ *)/Arxontes oi( tw=n *Lakedaimoni/wn, a chronological work. 8. *Kti/seis po/lewn. 9. *Krhtika/. 10. *Peri/plous o( e)kto\s tw=n *(Hraklei/w
Dareius (*Darei=os), the eldest son of Xerxes I., was put to death by his brother Artaxerxes, to whom Artabanus and Spamitres accused him of the murder of Xerxes, which they had themselves committed. (B. C. 465.) The story is told, with some unimportant variations, by the following writers. (Ctes. Pers. 29, ed. Lion; Diod. 11.69 ; Just. 3.1.) [P.
Leagrus (*Le/agros), son of Glaucon, in conjunction with Sophanes the athlete, of Deceleia, commanded the Athenians who fell in the first attempt to colonise Amphipolis, B. C. 465, at Drabescus or Datus (Hdt. 9.75; Paus. 1.29.4; comp. Thuc. 1.100). His son, a second Glaucon, commanded, with the orator Andocides, the reinforcements sent to the aid of the Corcyraeans, B. C. 432; and his grandson, another Leagrus, is ridiculed in a passage of the comic poet Plato (apud Athen. ii. p. 68c.), as a highborn fool. ou)x o(ra=s o(/ti o( me\n *Le/agros *Glau/kwnos mega/lou ge/nous ko/kkuc h)li/qios perie/rxetai. A sister of his was married to Callias III., son of Hipponicus (Andoc. Myst. p. 126, Bekk.), so that the genealogy stands thus, [A.H.
umission, the most impatient and dangerous of the Helots were induced to come forward to claim this high reward for their former services in war, and then were all secretly despatched, about 2000 in number. In the face of such a heinous cowardly crime, it is difficult to be persuaded by Müller, who (Dor. 3.3.3) attempts to make out that the slavery of the Helots was far milder than it is represented. If it had been, it would have been borne more patiently. But after the great earthquake in B. C. 465 we find that the Messenian Helots took advantage of the confusion at Sparta, seized upon the towns of Thuria and Aethaea, and fortified Ithome, where they long held out against all the power of Sparta. (Thuc. 1.100.) After the taking of Pylos, when the Spartans and Athenians concluded an alliance for fifty years, it was stipulated that if the Helots should revolt, the Athenians should assist the Spartans with all their forces. (Comp. Thuc. 1.118, 5.14, 23; Arist. Pol. 2.6.2.) Similar appre
Mithrida'tes (*Miqrida/ths). 1. An eunuch who was one of the personal attendants of Xerxes, and enjoyed a high place in the favour of that monarch, but joined with Artabanus in the conspiracy to assassinate him (B. C. 465), and enabled the latter to effect his purpose by giving him admission into the king's bedroom. (Diod. 11.69
supremacy over the allied Greeks. In short, the administrations of Aristeides and Themistocles, and the early part of Cimon's, were fully engaged with sterner necessities than even the restoration of the sacred edifices and statues. At length even the appearance of danger from Persia entirely ceased; the Spartans were fully occupied at home; the Athenians had converted their nominal supremacy into the real empire of the Aegean; and the common treasury was transferred from Delos to Athens (B. C. 465); at home Cimon was in the height of his power and popularity, and Pericles was just coming forward into public life; while the most essential defences of the city were already completed. The period had undoubtedly come for the restoration of the sacred edifices and for the commencement of that brilliant era of art, which is inseparably connected with the name of Pheidias, and which found a still more complete opportunity for its development when, after the conclusion of the wars which occ
s Fidius. (Lactant. 1.15; Ov. Fast. 6.216; Propert. 4.9,74; Sil. Ital. 8.421.) The name which is etymologically the same as Sanctus, and connected with Sancire, seems to justify this belief, and characterises Sancus as a divinity presiding over oaths. Sancus also had a temple at Rome, on the Quirinal, opposite that of Quirinus, and close by the gate which derived from him the name of Sanqualis porta. This sanctuary was the same as that of Dius Fidius, which had been consecrated in the year B. C. 465 by Sp. Postumius, but was said to have been founded by Tarquinius Superbus (Liv. 8.20, 32.1; Dionys. A. R. 9.60; Ov. Fast. 6.213, &c.), and the ancients thoroughly identified their Dius Fidius with Sancus. He is accordingly regarded as the protector of the marriage oath, of the law of nations, and the law of hospitality. (Dionys. A. R. 4.58 ; Varro, De Ling. Lat. 5.66.) Sancus is said to have been the father of the Sabine hero Sabus. (Dionys. A. R. 2.49; August. de Civ. Dei, 18.19 ; Lactan
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