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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
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(B. C. 471, or 472), in which he predicted and prayed for the prosperity of the new city. At the request of Hiero, he also reproduced the play of the Persae, with the trilogy of which he had been victorious in the dramatic contests at Athens. (B. C. 472.) Now we know that the trilogy of the Seven against Thebes was represented soon after the " Persians :" it follows therefore that the former trilogy must have been first represented not later than B. C. 470. (Welcker, Trilogie, p. 520; Schol. aseven are extant, namely, the Persians, the Seven against Thebes, the Suppliants, the Prometheus, the Agamemnon, the Choephoroe, and Eumenides ; the last three forming, as already remarked, the trilogy of the Oresteia. The Persians was acted in B. C. 472, and the Seven against Thebes a year afterwards. The Oresteia was represented in B. C. 458; the Suppliants and the Prometheus were brought out some time between the Seven against Thebes and the Oresteia. It has been supposed from some allusions
cities in the south of Italy, and preventing the destruction of Locri by Anaxilas of Rhegium, which he appears to have effected by the mere apprehension of his without having actually recourse to arms. (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. 1.98, 2.34.) Some years later he again interfered on behalf of the sons of the same Anaxilas, and by urging them to put forward ward their claim to the sovereign power, succeeded in effecting the expulsion of Micythus from Rhegium (Diod. 11.66.) The death of Theron in B. C. 472, and the violence of his son Thrasydaeus, involved Hieron in hostilities with Agrigentum, but he defeated Thrasydaeus in a great battle, which contributed essentially to the downfal of that tyrant; and after his expulsion Hieron was readily induced to grant peace to the Agrigentines. (Diod. 11.53.) But by far the most important event of his reign was the great victory which he obtained over the Etruscan fleet near Cumae (B. C. 474), and which appears to have effectually broken the naval po
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Mamerci'nus, Pina'rius 2. L. Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus, consul B. C. 472 with P. Furius Medullinus Fusus. (Liv. 2.56; Dionys. A. R. 9.40; Diod. 11.66; Macrob. Saturn. 1.13.)
Medulli'nus 4. P. Furius Medullinus Fusus, was consul in B. C. 472, and opposed the rogation of Publiüut Volero, tribune of the plebs, that the tribunes should be chosen by the comitia of the tribes, instead of the comitia of centuries. (Liv. 2.56; Dionys. A. R. 9.40, 41.
Numito'rius 1. L. Numtorius, is mentioned as one of the five tribunes who were first elected in the comitia tributa, B. C. 472 ( Liv. 2.58).
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Philo, Publi'lius or POBLI'LIUS. Respecting the orthography, see PUBLILIA GENS. This family of the Publilii claimed descent front the celebrated Volero Publilius who was tribune of the plebs B. C. 472; and accordingly we find the two Philones, who were consular tribunes in B. C. 400 and 399 respectively, described as grandsons of Volero. [See below, Nos. 1 and 2.]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Publi'lia Gens plebeian. The ancient form of the name was Poblilius, which we find in the Capitoline Fasti. In many manuscripts and editions of the ancient writers we find the name of Publilius corrupted into Publius; and Glandorp, in his Onomasticon, has fallen into the mistake of giving most of the Publilii under the head of Publii (pp. 727, 728). The Publilii were first brought into notice as early as B. C. 472, by the celebrated tribune Volero Publilius, and they subsequently obtained the highest dignities of the state. The only family of this gens that bore a separate cognomen was that of PHILO; and it was one of this family, Q. Publilius Philo, who obtained the consulship in B. C. 339. The greatness of the gens became extinct with this Philo; and after his death we do not read of any persons of the name who attained to importance in the state. Volscus was an agnomen of the Philones. [PHILO, No. 1.]
o enlist as a common soldier at the levy in B. C. 473, he refused to obey. The consuls ordered the lictors to seize him and scourge him. He appealed to the tribunes, but as they took no notice of the outrage, he resisted the lictors, and was supported by the people. The consuls were driven out of the forum, and the senate was obliged to bow before the storm. Publilius had acquired so much popularity by his courageous conduct, that he was elected tribune of the plebs for the following year, B. C. 472. He did not, however, bring the consuls of the previous year to trial, as had been expected, but, sacrificing his private wrongs to the public welfare, he brought forward a measure to secure the plebeians greater freedom in the election of the tribunes. They had been previously elected in the comitia centuriata, where the patricians had a great number of votes; and Publilius accordingly proposed that they should be elected in future by the comitia tributa. This measure was undoubtedly prop
at the threatened revolt of Himera, and he now proceeded to establish his power in that city by the greatest severities against the disaffected party, many of whom he put to death, while he drove others into banishment. Having thus gradually thinned the population of the city, he repeopled it with settlers from all quarters, but especially of Dorian origin. (Diod. 11.48, 49.) From this period Theron appears to have reigned without dispute over both Agrigentum and Himera until his death in B. C. 472 : and notwithstanding his cruelties towards the Himeraeans, he is praised for the general mildness and equity of his government. It is certain that Agrigentum enjoyed great prosperity under his rule, and that it was then adorned not only with splendid buildings, but with public works of a more useful character, such as reservoirs and conduits for water on a most stupendous scale. (Diod. 11.25.) Like his contemporary rulers at Syracuse, he also displayed much favour towards artists and poe
pposition in the sovereignty of both cities. His tyrannical and violent character soon displayed itself, and rendered him as unpopular at Agrigentum as he had been at Himera. But his first object was to renew the war with Hieron, against whom he had already taken an active part during his father's lifetime. (Schol. ad Pind. Ol. 2.29.) He therefore assembled a large force of mercenaries, besides a general levy from Agrigentum and Himera, and advanced against Hieron, but was defeated after an obstinate and sanguinary struggle ; and the Agrigentines immediately took advantage of this disaster to expel him from their city. He made his escape to Greece, but was arrested at Megara, and publicly executed. (Diod. 11.53.) Diodorus assigns the whole of these events to the year B. C. 472, in which Theron died, but there are some difficulties in this chronology. (See Böckh, ad Pind. vol. iii. p. 209; and Brunet de Presle, Recherches sur les Etablissements Grecqes en Sicile, p. 145, note.) [E.H.B